The information below includes the date and a brief description of each significant change, a link to the relevant page, and that page's updated version number. Neither minor spelling corrections nor additions to the references are noted on this page.
I've removed Black-capped Woodnymph, Thalurania nigracapilla, from the
list. Valdés-Velásquez and Schuchmann (2009) argue that it is a
previously undescribed species, but it seems clear from
the SACC proposal
that there is insufficient evidence to conclude this at this time.
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.58]
The csv files have been updated.
I made a slight adjustment in the Sulidae tree due to Patterson et al. (2011).
They use new methods to deal with the problem of incomplete lineage sorting.
The result is that Abbott's Booby is sister to the rest of the Sulidae, rather than
being sister to the gannets alone as is Friesen et al. (2002). This does not cause
any change in the checklist order.
[Sulidae, Pelecanae II, 2.57]
Based on Alström et al. (2011) and Irestedt et al. (2011), the
Pnoepygidae wren-babblers have been moved to precede the
[Pnoepygidae, Sylvoidea I, 2.56]
The Kiwis have been rearranged slightly, based on Burbidge et al. (2003).
[Apterygiformes, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.55]
There are several changes in the buteos.
- Archer's Buzzard, Buteo archeri, is split from Augur Buzzard, Buteo augur.
- Forest Buzzard, Buteo trizonatus, is split from Mountain Buzzard, Buteo oreophilus.
- Cape Verde Buzzard, Buteo bannermani, is split from Common Buzzard, Buteo buteo.
- The newly named Socotra Buzzard, Buteo socotraensis, is added to the list next to Long-legged Buzzard, Buteo rufinus. See Porter and Kirwan (2010).
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.53]
Socotra Scops-Owl, Otus socotranus, has been separated from
the African Scops-Owl, Otus senegalensis, due to substantial
differences in vocalizations (e.g., König and Weick, 2008).
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.61]
Kandt's Waxbill, Estrilda kandti, has been split from
Black-headed Waxbill, Estrilda atricapilla. According to HBW-15, there are
genetic results indicating it is closer to Black-crowned Waxbill, Estrilda nonnula.
The order of these species has been adjusted accordingly.
[Estrildidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.56]
I've made some changes in the Cyanocorax/Psilorhinus group of jays.
I've interpreted Bonaccorso et al. (2010) slightly differently. This allows
me to restore Calocitta for the magpie-jays and permits me to use
Uroleuca for the Violaceous Jay and allies. I've also rearranged
Cyanolyca to better reflect geography (and AOU order).
[Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.61]
IOC has corrected still more scientific names. The following apply to the TiF list:
- Gray-winged Francolin is Scleroptila afra, not africana.
- Mountain Tailorbird is Phyllergates cuculatus, not cucullatus.
The Mongolian Finch has been moved to the new genus Eremopsaltria
(Kirwan and Gregory, 2005). Consideration of Töpfer et al. (2011)
has led me to merge Carpodacini and Pyrrhulini. The taxa in the resulting tribe
Pyrrhulini have also been rearranged.
Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.55]
The csv files have been updated.
Tricolored Grebe, Tachybaptus tricolor, has been split from
Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis. The subspecies vulcanorum is included
in Tricolored Grebe. See Mlíkovský (2010).
[Podicipediformes, Metaves I, 2.56]
The genera Buarremon and Lysurus have been merged into Arremon.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.55]
There are additional scientific name corrections from the latest IOC updates.
- Red-throated Lorikeet is Charmosyna aureicincta, not amabilis.
- Torrent-lark is Grallina bruijnii, not bruijni.
- Dwarf Jay is Cyanolyca nanus, not nana.
- White-winged Chough is Corcorax melanoramphos, not melanorhamphos.
- Usambara Hyliota is Hyliota usambara, not usambarae.
- Chilean Swallow is Tachycineta leucopyga, not meyeni.
- Karoo Thrush is Turdus smithi, not smithii.
- Montane Widowbird is Euplectes psammacromius, not psammocromius.
The English name of Caprimulgus indicus is changed to Jungle Nightjar (was Indian Jungle Nightjar).
One more of the “blue” species has a home.
Irestedt et al. (2011) found that Neumann's Warbler, Hemitesia neumanni,
which I had tentatively been placed in the Macrosphenidae, is actually a
member of the Cettiidae. It is most likely closest to the Urosphena
Cettiidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.62]
There's some minor rearrangement to Coccopygia as
the Angolan Waxbill, Coccopygia bocagei,
is split from Swee Waxbill, Coccopygia melanotis following IOC.
These allopatric forms seems distinct.
[Estrildidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.55]
The Ground Parrot, Pezoporus wallicus, is split into
Western Ground Parrot, Pezoporus flaviventris, and
Eastern Ground Parrot, Pezoporus wallicus. See Murphy et al. (2011).
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes and Psittaciformes, 2.55]
Based on Black et al. (2010) and Christidis et al. (2010),
Thick-billed Grasswren, Amytornis textilis, is split into
Thick-billed Grasswren, Amytornis modestus, and
Western Grasswren, Amytornis textilis.
[Maluridae, Basal Oscines, 2.57]
Pretoria Rock-Thrush, Monticola pretoriae is merged into
Short-toed Rock-Thrush, Monticola brevipes. Zuccon and Ericson (2010a)
found little genetic difference between them. There is reportedly
extensive interbreeding. Also, the scientific name of the Littoral
Rock-Thrush has been corrected to Monticola imerina from
imerinus. Here imerina was the original spelling, and is
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.62]
More comparisons with the IOC list have resulted in another round of name updates. The csv files have been updated accordingly. First, the scientific names:
- The Surfbird is Calidris virgata, not virgatus (gender agreement).
- The Fuegian Snipe is Chubbia stricklandii, not stricklandi (spelling correction).
- Blyth's Reed-Warbler is Notiocichla dumetorum, not dumetora.
- The Slaty-backed Flycatcher is Ficedula amabilis, not erithacus as erithacus is preoccupied.
Then the English names:
- Alternate name Spot-necked Dove removed from Spotted Dove, Streptopelia chinensis.
- Chalcopsitta sintillata becomes Yellowish-streaked Lory (was Yellow-streaked Lory).
- Myzomela erythrocephala becomes Red-headed Myzomela (was Red-headed Myzomela / Black-bellied Myzomela).
- Myzomela erythromelas becomes Black-bellied Myzomela (was Red-headed Black Myzomela).
- Lagonosticta larvata becomes Black-faced Firefinch (was Black-throated Firefinch).
Kryukov and Suzuki (2000) and Haring et al. (2007a) found that the jackdaws were rather distant from the other Corvus species, so they are now separated in the genus Coloeus. A side effect of this is that the name Corvus torquatus then becomes availabe for the Collared Crow. When Coloeus is subsumed in Corvus, Corvus monedula torquatus has first claim on torquatus and the Collared Crow goes by Corvus pectoralis. [Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.60]
There are some English name changes prompted by the IOC 2.6 and 2.7 changes. Blue Lorikeet / Violet Lorikeet, Vini peruviana, becomes Blue Lorikeet (Psittacidae); the Crested-Flycatchers and Canary-Flycatchers (both Stenostiridae) become Crested-flycatchers and Canary-flycatchers; the Wren-Babblers in the Pnoepygidae (but not Timaliidae) become Wren-babblers. The CSV files have been updated to reflect this.
Based on Patel et al. (2011) and other information, I've split
Stripe-billed Aracari, Pteroglossus sanguineus, and
Pale-mandibled Aracari, Pteroglossus erythropygius, from
Collared Aracari, Pteroglossus torquatus. (Following IOC rather than
[Ramphastidae, Piciformes, 2.57]
Comparison with the IOC list has revealed some more scientific name corrections:
- Sri Lanka Junglefowl is Gallus lafayetii, not lafayettii.
- Dwarf Fruit-Dove is Ptilinopus nanus, not nainus.
- Rufous-banded Owl is Ciccaba albitarsis, not albitarsus.
- Black Honeyeater is Sugomel nigrum, not niger.
- Black-bellied Starling is Notopholia corrusca, not corruscus.
- Red-headed Weaver is Anaplectes rubriceps, not melanotis. The problem here is that Ploceus melanotis Lafresnaye 1840 was preoccupied by Ploceus melanotis Swainson 1838 (=Ploceus baglafecht). Had they originally been named in separate genera, this would not be a problem. However, they were, and melanotis is permanently unavailable for this species as a result.
- Fuelleborn's Longclaw is Macronyx fuelleborni, not fuellebornii.
- Tepui Redstart / Tepui Whitestart is Myioborus castaneocapilla, not castaneocapillus.
After long thought, I've decided to follow the conventional treatment of
the grebes as a separate order. The large morphological differences and
ancient split from the flamingos (e.g., Brown et al., 2008) support this.
[Podicipediformes, Metaves I, 2.55]
The Asian Bradypterus species have been moved to Locustella
using a combination of Drovetski et al (2004), guesswork based on geography
and rumors of a paper by Alstöm and others.
[Locustellidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.54]
The csv files have been updated (version 2.64).
Based on Reeves et al. (2008) and Saitoh et al. (2010),
Japanese Warbler, Seicercus xanthodryas, and
Kamchatka Warbler, Seicercus examinandus,
are split from Arctic Warbler, Seicercus borealis.
[Phylloscopidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.61]
The IOC has revised some English names in version 2.6. Some of these were already in the TiF list, but some additional changes were needed. Specifically:
- Forest Francolin, Peliperdix lathami, becomes Latham's Francolin;
- Brown Bush-hen, Amaurornis akool, becoms Brown Crake;
- Inland Plover, Peltohyas australis, becomes Inland Dotterel;
- Kurrichane Buttonquail, Turnix sylvaticus, becomes Common Buttonquail;
- Pale-faced Antbird, Phlegopsis borbae, becomes Pale-faced Bare-eye;
- Crossley's Vanga / Crossley's Babbler, Mystacornis crossleyi, becomes Crossley's Vanga;
- Malaysian Rail-babbler, Eupetes macrocerus, becomes Rail-babbler;
- Yellow-flanked Hylocitrea / Yellow-flanked Whistler, Hylocitrea bonensis, becomes Hylocitrea;
- Madagascan White-eye, Zosterops maderaspatanus, becomes Malagasy White-eye;
- Dappled Mountain Robin, Arcanator orostruthus, becomes Dapple-throat;
- Pampas Pipit / Campo Pipit, Anthus chacoensis, becomes Pampas Pipit.
Recent checks of scientific names resulted in the following corrections:
- Sri Lanka Woodpigeon is Columba torringtoniae, not torringtoni;
- Lesser Florican is Sypheotides indicus, not indica;
- Blue Crane is Grus paradisea, not paradiseus because Grus is feminine;
- Frances's Sparrowhawk is Accipiter francesiae, not francesii;
- Scissor-tailed Flycatcher is Tyrannus forficatus, not forficata;
- Scale-backed Antbird is Willisornis poecilinotus, not poecilonotus;
- White-bellied Crested-Flycatcher is Elminia albiventris, not albiventra;
- Rimatara Reed-Warbler is Acrocephalus rimitarae, not rimatarae;
- Bristled Grassbird is Chaetornis striata, not striatus;
- Cameroon Greenbul is Arizelocichla montana, not montanus, and Western Greenbul is Arizelocichla tephrolaema, not tephrolaemus;
- White-eyed Starling is Aplonis brunneicapillus, not brunneicapilla and Madagascan Starling is Hartlaubius auratus, not aurata;
- Pygmy Flycatcher is Ficedula hodgsonii, not hodgsoni;
- Gray-hooded Sunbird is Aethopyga primigenia, not primigenius;
- White-browed Wagtail is Motacilla maderaspatensis, not madaraspatensis;
- Crescent-chested Warbler is Oreothlypis superciliosa, not superciliosus;
- House Bunting is Emberiza sahari, not sahara, and the Oaxaca Sparrow is Aimophila notosticta, not notostictus as Aimophila is feminine.
The order of species in Picus has been adjusted to better reflect
both Fuchs et al. (2008a) and Pons et al. (2010).
[Picidae, Anomalogonates II, 2.56]
Dong et al. (2010b) showed that Pomatorhinus should be split into two genera. The
name Erythrogenys applies to the remainder,
which are sister to the Pomatorhinus-Stachyris clade.
[Timaliidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.58]
My copy of the Forktail arrived a few days ago. Based on
the article by Rheindt and Eaton (2010),
the Banded Pitta, Hydrornis guajanus is split into three species:
Malayan Banded-Pitta, Hydrornis irena,
Bornean Banded-Pitta, Hydrornis schwaneri, and
Javan Banded-Pitta, Hydrornis guajanus.
[Pittidae, Passeriformes I, 2.52]
In view of a recent SACC decision, the name Guianan Trogon is now
added to Violaceous Trogon. Violaceous will likely eventually be dropped
as an alternate name.
[Trogonidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.60a]
The scientific name of the Sulphur-breasted Parakeet has been
corrected to Aratinga maculata from A. pintoi
(Nemésio and Rasmussen, 2009).
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes and Psittaciformes, 2.54a]
Consideration of Hosner et al. (2010) has resulted in some rearrangement of
the trogons. Also, the genus Duvaucelius is merged into Harpactes.
[Trogonidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.60]
The csv files have been updated (version 2.63).
The order within Colaptes has been changed based
Moore et al. (2010). Further, Moore et al. provide evidence that the
Bronze-winged (Bronzed) Woodpecker, Colaptes aeruginosus, is not conspecific with
the Golden-olive Woodpecker, Colaptes rubiginosus.
[Picidae, Anomalogonates II, 2.55]
The order within Conopophaga is based on Pessoa (2007). He
also found evidence supporting the split of Ceara Gnateater,
Conopophaga cearae, from Rufous Gnateater, Conopophaga
[Conopophagidae, Furnariida I, 2.52]
I had moved the Amazonian Black-Tyrant, Knipolegus poecilocercus,
to Eumyiobius instead of the Rufous-tailed Tyrant,
Knipolegus poecilurus. This has been corrected.
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.54]
The genus Oreosterops is replaced by Apoia. The problem is
that the original version of Oreosterops uses montanus as
the type, not javanica as used later.
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.57]
Black-capped Woodnymph, Thalurania nigracapilla, is added to
the list. See Valdés-Velásquez and Schuchmann (2009).
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.57]
Following the IOC's lead, I've added some bulbul splits from
Oliveros and Moyle (2010).
Ashy-fronted Bulbul, Pycnonotus cinereifrons, is split from
Olive-winged Bulbul, Pycnonotus plumosus.
Palawan Bulbul, Alophoixus frater, is split from
Gray-cheeked Bulbul, Alophoixus bres.
Visayan Bulbul, Hypsipetes guimarasensis, and
Mindoro Bulbul, Hypsipetes mindorensis, are split from
Philippine Bulbul, Hypsipetes philippinus.
[Pycnonotidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.60]
Pereira and Baker (2010) found that Dromadidae (Crab Plover) is
sister to Glareolidae (Coursers and Pratincoles) rather than to the
remaining Lari. As a result, Dromadidae now precedes Glareolidae.
[Dromadidae, Charadriiformes, 2.56]
The spoonbills have been rearranged based on Chesser et al. (2010).
[threskiornithidae, Pelecanae II, 2.56]
Amytornis has been reorganized based on Christidis et al. (2010).
[Maluridae, Basal Oscines, 2.56]
Based on Tietze and Martens (2010), the Spotted Creeper has
been split into African Spotted-Creeper, Salpornis salvadori,
and Indian Spotted-Creeper, Salpornis spilonotus.
[Sittidae, Certhioidea, 2.53]
Comparison with recent IOC updates resulted in the following scientific name corrections: The Wattled Crane (Gruidae) is Grus carunculata, not carunculatus as Grus is feminine. The correct name for the Guinan Toucanet (Ramphastidae) is Selenidera piperivora, not Selenidera culik (see Piacentini et al., 2010). The use of Poliolais lopesi for White-tailed Warbler seems to be an unjustified emendation of Poliolais lopezi, so we revert to lopezi (Cisticolidae). The other two corrections were already mentioned in the Howard and Moore corrigenda: The Spot-necked Babbler (Timaliidae) is Stachyris strialata, not Stachyris striolata and the Kurrichane Thrush (Turdidae) is Turdus libonyana, not Turdus libonyanus as libonyana is invariable.
The csv files have been updated (version 2.62).
Fenwick's Antpitta / Urrao Antpitta, Grallaria fenwickorum, was
first formally described by Barrera and Bartels (2010). They suggested the name
Fenwick's Antpitta. Shortly thereafter, another description was published
by Carantón and Certuche (2010), who discovered the bird. They proposed
the name Urrao Antpitta, Grallaria urraoensis. I believe that ICZN rules
require use of fenwickorum rather than urraoensis. I'm using both
English names until one becomes established.
[Grallariidae, Furnariida II, 2.63]
The Rock Tapaculo, Scytalopus petrophilus, has been added to the list.
I've also arranged some of the closely related taxa. This species was noted by
Bornschein et al. (2007) and included in the genetic analysis of Mata et al.
(2009). It was recently formally described by Whitney et al. (2010).
[Rhinocryptidae, Furnariida II, 2.63]
Following Cleere (2010), Blyth's Frogmouth, Batrachostomus
affinis and Palawan Frogmouth, Batrachostomus chaseni) are
split from Javan Frogmouth, Batrachostomus javensis, based on
differences in vocalizations.
[Podargidae, Strisores, 2.56]
The Vogelkop Owlet-nightjar, Aegotheles affinis, has split from
the Barred Owlet-nightjar, Aegotheles bennettii, as suggested
by Dumbacher et al. (2003) and Cleere (2010). Here I use the IOC name
Vogelkop instead of Cleere's Salvodori's Owlet-nightjar. I'm currently using
the latter name for Aegotheles salvadorii.
[Aegothelidae, Apodiformes, 2.56]
The English name of Trogon puella has been changed to Orange-bellied Trogon
from Jalapa Trogon to better match the AOU. However, they do not include the
subspecies puella, and refer to it as aurantiiventris.
[Trogonidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.59]
Fulvous Antshrike, Frederickena fulva, has been split from
Undulated Antshrike, Frederickena unduligera. See Isler et al. (2009).
[Thamnophilidae, Furnariida I, 2.51]
The Rufous-headed Robin has been moved to Larvivora based on Sangster
et al.'s suggestion.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.59]
The White-capped Munia, Lonchura ferruginosa, has been split from
Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla (see Restall, 1997).
[Estrildidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.54]
The findings of Dong et al. (2010a) have been incorporated. This splits
Ixops from Actinodura and leads to some changes in the ordering
of the Leiothrichinae.
[Leiothrichidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.56]
The Cinnamon Ibon now has a home. It had previously been removed from
the white-eyes. Fjeldså et al. (2010) show that it is in Passeridae.
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.56]
[Passeridae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.54]
Sangster et al. (2010) has been incorporated into the treatment of the
Muscicapidae. Although the general shape of the family changed only a little,
there have been a number of changes in detail. This particular affects the
robins (Erithacus, Luscinia, Tarsiger), the Rhinomyias
flycatchers (Rhinomyias has been dismembered), the old world flycatchers
(Muscicapini) and the African robins (Cossyphinae).
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.60]
The English name of Dove Prion / Antarctic Prion, Pachyptila desolata,
becomes Antarctic Prion (SACC).
[Procellariidae, Pelecanae II, 2.54]
The Sucre Antpitta, Grallaricula cumanensis, has been split from Slate-crowned Antpitta / Slaty-crowned Antpitta, Grallaricula nana. [Grallariidae, Furnariida II, 2.62]
The Spizella sparrows have been rearranged based on
Canales-Del Castillo et al. (2010), which includes genetic data on the
highly endandered Worthen's Sparrow.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.54]
The 51st AOU Supplement introduced the name Suliformes into the literature. I have updated all pages accordingly. Previously, there was no established name for this order, and in lieu of one, I used Phalacrocoraciformes.
The genetic results in Jøsson et al. (2010d) support
splitting Sunda Golden-Oriole, Oriolus maculatus, and
Asian Golden-Oriole, Oriolus diffusus, from
Black-naped Oriole, Oriolus chinensis.
[Oriolidae, Corvida I, 2.60]
Ruaha Chat, Pentholaea collaris, has been split from
Arnot's Chat, Pentholaea arnotti, based on Glen et al. (2010).
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.59]
Roraiman Warbler, Basileuterus roraimae, is split from Two-banded Warbler, Basileuterus bivittatus. Hilty (2003) had recommended this split, and Lovette et al. (2010) show that there is substantial genetic distance between the two taxa. Both of these are then moved to Myiothlypis (see below).
The Parulinae are reorganized based on Lovette et al. (2010). This involves
several generic changes, merging the two orphaned Wilsonia and
Ergaticus into Cardellina, combining Phaeothlypis and part
of Basileuterus as Myiothlypis, and moving several
Dendroica into Parula. It shifts Parkesia into Vermivorini
and Leucopeza into Geothlypini, and rearranges the species in
Basileuterus. I've also Lovette et al.'s relationships of the various
tribes, but support for this is fairly, as was support for the previous
arrangement. I also restored Fan-tailed Warbler to Euthlypis.
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.58]
I notice that a backlog of papers has built up while I was off birding in Brazil for 3 1/2 weeks. I have some catching up to do!
I've made some name changes based on the 51st AOU Supplement.
Whip-poor-will, Antrostomus vociferus, becomes Eastern Whip-poor-will;
Greater Shearwater / Great Shearwater (Ardenna gravis) becomes Great Shearwater;
Greater Antillean Oriole / Hispaniolan Oriole, Icterus dominicensis, becomes Hispaniolan Oriole;
and the scientific name of the Blue-winged Warbler changes from
Vermivora pinus to Vermivora cyanoptera.
[Caprimulgidae, Strisores, 2.55]
[Procellariidae, Pelecanae II, 2.54]
[Icteridae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.57]
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.57]
White-bellied Warbler, Basileuterus hypoleucus, has been merged into
Golden-crowned Warbler, Basileuterus culicivorus. It had previously been
suspected that they were conspecific, and Vilaça and dos Santos (2010)
have found substantial genetic evidence of it.
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.57]
After further consideration of Dávalos and Porzecanski (2009) and other sources,
I've restored Yellow-billed Cardinal, Paroaria capitata. Note however, that I'm
considering cervicalis a subspecies of Yellow-billed Cardinal.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.56]
The csv files have been updated.
As Chrysophlegma seems to be neuter, I've updated the scientific names
of Banded Woodpecker, Chrysophlegma miniaceum, and
Checker-throated Woodpecker, Chrysophlegma mentale.
[Picidae, Piciformes, 2.54a]
The gender of Banded Pitta, Hydrornis guajanus, has also been corrected.
[Pittidae, Passeriformes I, 2.51b]
The Pteruthius have had a makeover based on Rheindt and Eaton (2009),
As a result,
Chestnut-fronted Shrike-babbler, Pteruthius aenobarbus, is split into 2 species:
Clicking Shrike-babbler, Pteruthius intermedius, and
Trilling Shrike-babbler, Pteruthius aenobarbus.
Also, White-browed Shrike-babbler, Pteruthius flaviscapis, is split into 4 species:
Dalat Shrike-babbler, Pteruthius annamensis,
Blyth's Shrike-babbler, Pteruthius aeralatus,
Himalayan Shrike-babbler, Pteruthius ripleyi, and
Pied Shrike-babbler, Pteruthius flaviscapis.
[Vireonidae, Corvida I, 2.59]
After consideration of Alström and Mild (2003) and Ödeen and
Bjöklund (2003) (which use both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA),
I have merged Green-headed Yellow Wagtail, Motacilla taivana
into Eastern Yellow Wagtail, Motacilla tschutschensis, and also
merged the Eastern Citrine Wagtail, Motacilla citreola, and
Western Citrine Wagtail, Motacilla werae, to make Citrine Wagtail, Motacilla citreola.
[Motacillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.53]
Various minor spelling errors have been corrected, as has the gender of
Giant Pitta, Hydrornis caeruleus, and
Blue Pitta, Hydrornis cyaneus.
[Pittidae, Passeriformes I, 2.51a]
Nyári et al.'s (2009) paper on flowerpeckers has finally been
incorporated into the list. Needless to say, this necessitated some
rearrangement of the flowerpeckers. As a result, some of the
Diaceum flowerpeckers have been moved to Pachyglossa.
[Dicaeidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.53]
The csv files have been updated.
Following IOC, the English name of Nahan's Francolin, Ptilopachus nahani,
becomes Nahan's Partridge. This recognizes the fact that it is not actually a francolin.
[Odontophoridae, Galliformes, 2.54]
After considering Ödeen et al. (2010), I've merged
Rynchopidae and Sternidae into Laridae. This does not affect the linear
[Laridae, Charadriiformes, 2.55]
The Solitary Black Cacique has been placed in genus Procacicus
(Fraga, 2005) rather than Psarocolius so that Psarocolius can be
reserved for oropendolas.
[Icteridae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.56]
Following Penhallurick and Robson (2009), the parrotbill genus Paradoxornis
is split into seven genera: Cholornis, Psittiparus, Paradoxornis,
Neosuthora, Suthora, Chleuasicus, and Sinosuthora.
[Sylviidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.55]
I found a name that applies to the African “Muscicapa”. It is
Alseonax (Cabanis 1850, type A. adusta).
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.58]
Based on Toon et al. (2010), Melithreptus has been rearranged and Swan River Honeyeater / Western White-naped Honeyeater, Melithreptus chloropsis, has been split from White-naped Honeyeater, Melithreptus lunatus.
Also, the Graceless Honeyeater, Meliarchus sclateri, is renamed
Makira Honeyeater as in IOC 2.5.
[Meliphagidae, Basal Oscines, 2.55]
The positions of some of the ducks have been adjusted based on Bulgarella et al. (2010)
and a fuller consideration of Gonzalez et al. (2009b). In particular,
Bulgarella et al. sampled Merganetta (now placed in Tadornini instead of Anatini)
and Hymenolaimus (moved to Aythyini from Anatini), neither of which had previously
been included in a genetic analysis.
[Anatidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.54]
A number of English Names have been updated to match posted IOC changes:
- Cinnamon Frogmouth, Rigidipenna inexpectata, becomes Solomons Frogmouth
[Podargiformes, Strisores, 2.54]
- Enigmatic Owlet-nightjar, Aegotheles savesi, becomes New Caledonian Owlet-nightjar
[Aegothelidae, Apodiformes, 2.55]
- Pale-bellied Tapaculo / Matorral Tapaculo, Scytalopus griseicollis, becomes Pale-bellied Tapaculo
[Rhinocryptidae, Furnariida II, 2.61]
- Black-bellied Cicadabird, Edolisoma holopolia, becomes Black-bellied Cicadabird / Solomons Cuckooshrike
[Campephagidae, Corvida I, 2.58]
- Bismarck Thicketbird, Megalurulus grosvenori, becomes New Britain Thicketbird
[Locustellidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.53]
- Yellow-billed White-eye, Zosterops luteirostris, becomes Gizo White-eye
- Splendid White-eye, Zosterops splendidus, becomes Ranongga White-eye
- New Georgia White-eye, Zosterops kulambangrae, becomes Solomons White-eye
- Forest White-eye, Zosterops inornatus, becomes Large Lifou White-eye
- Bare-ringed White-eye, Zosterops rennellianus, becomes Rennell White-eye
- Hermit White-eye, Zosterops murphyi, becomes Kolombangara White-eye
- Sulphur White-eye, Zosterops minutus, becomes Small Lifou White-eye
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.54]
- Pacific Wren, Nannus pacificus, becomes Pacific Wren / Western Winter-Wren
- Winter Wren, Nannus hiemalis, becomes Winter Wren / Eastern Winter-Wren
[Troglodytidae, Certhioidea, 2.52]
- Long-billed Rhabdornis, Rhabdornis grandis, becomes Grand Rhabdornis
- Vanuatu Starling, Aplonis santovestris, becomes Mountain Starling
[Sturnidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.51]
- White-mottled Flowerpecker, Dicaeum tristrami, becomes Mottled Flowerpecker
[Dicaeidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.52].
There are also 2 corrections to scientific names:
- Black-collared Apalis, Oreolais pulcher, instead of pulchra
[Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.59]
- Yellow-mantled Widowbird, Euplectes macroura, instead of macrourus
[Ploceidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.53].
Finally, Eastern Barn-Owl becomes Tyto delicatula instead of
javanica. The race javanica seems to be a subspecies of
the Common Barn-Owl, Tyto alba.
[Tytonidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.58].
The csv files have been updated.
Oriental Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx erithaca is split into
Black-backed Kingfisher, Ceyx erithaca and
Rufous-backed Kingfisher, Ceyx rufidorsa based on Lim et al. (2010a).
[Alcedinidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.57]
The genus Oriolus has been rearranged based on the analysis
by Jønsson et al. (2010d).
[Oriolidae, Corvida I, 2.57]
I've reordered the shamas and magpie-robins (Copsychus) based on Lim et al. (2010b).
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.57]
I've reordered the Campephagidae based on the analysis
by Jønsson et al. (2010c). This involved moved several
Coracina cuckooshrikes to Lalage (trillers) and resurrecting
several genera to better reflect the phylogeny of Jønsson et al. (2010c).
[Campephagidae, Corvida I, 2.56]
I also noticed that some advertised updates to the woodswallow family
had not actually been made. This has been corrected. Moreover, I adjusted the
position of Peltops based on Jønsson et al. (2010c).
[Artamidae, Corvida I, 2.56]
The Scolopacidae have been rearranged based on Gibson (2010), which used
more genetic data and more taxon sampling than previous investigations of
[Scolopacidae, Charadriiformes, 2.54]
Following SACC, Gray-breasted Parakeet, Pyrrhura griseipectus, is split from
Maroon-faced Parakeet, Pyrrhura leucotis.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes and Psittaciformes, 2.54]
There are two recent SACC changes to the Tyrant-Flycatchers.
The Monte Tyrannulet, Serpophaga griseicapilla,
is renamed Straneck's Tyrannulet and now follows the White-bellied Tyrannulet.
Also, the Ticking Doradito, Pseudocolopteryx citreola, is split
from Warbling Doradito, Pseudocolopteryx flaviventris.
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.53]
The csv files have been updated.
The scientific name of Emerald-bellied Puffleg has
been corrected to Eriocnemis aline (not alinae).
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.54b]
There are two gender corrections in Urubitinga, solitaria and
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.52a]
Based on Voelker (2010) and Pan et al. (2006),
Chaimarrornis and Rhyacornis have often been merged into
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.56]
The order of the Phasianidae has been changed to conform to the recent study
of Shen et al. (2010) that used complete mitochondrial genomes to analyze the
galliformes. There have been some slight adjustments in the tree, but only
two of those impact the linear order, changing the position of the Polyplectroninae
[Phasianidae, Galliformes, 2.53]
The genus Lichenostomus was shown to be polyphyletic by
Gardner et al. (2010). As a result, it has been divided into three parts:
a smaller Lichenostomus, Ptilotula, and Nesoptilotis,
with Nesoptilotis ending up in a different subfamily.
[Meliphagidae, Basal Oscines, 2.54]
The genera Alectroenas and Drepanoptila have been
merged into the fruit-dove genus Ptilinopus based on Gibb and
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.54]
The position of Nesospingus has been adjusted slightly based on
Weir et al. (2009).
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.55]
Based on García-Moreno et al. (2004), Sánchez-González et al. (2007), Bonaccorso et al. (2008), and Weir et al. (2008), the Common Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus ophthalmicus, has been broken into 9 species.
- White-fronted Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus albifrons
- Wetmore's Bush Tanager, Chlorospingus wetmorei
- Brown-headed Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus ophthalmicus
- Dwight's Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus dwighti
- Dusky-headed Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus postocularis
- Dotted Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus punctulatus
- Buff-breasted Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus cinereocephalus
- Yellow-breasted Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus flavopectus
- Common Bush-Tanager, Chlorospingus venezuelanus
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.53]
Instead of treating Parkerthraustes and Chlorochrysa as a separate
tribe, I've moved Parkerthraustes to the saltators (Weir et al., 2009), and
put Chlorochrysa in Cissopini (Sedano and Burns, 2010; Weir et al, 2009).
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.56]
Lafresnaye's Woodcreeper, Xiphorhynchus guttatoides is split from
the Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Xiphorhynchus guttatus, based on
Aleixo (2002). There may be other species included within this group.
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.60]
I've added a species level tree of Emberiza based on Alström et
al. (2008). This led to a slight adjustment of the position of the
Socotra Bunting, Emberiza socotrana.
[Emberizidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.52]
The gray shrikes have been reorganized using the results of Olsson et al. (2010). A number of subspecies have been moved about. This is detailed by a table in the Shrike family section. In terms of species, there are 4 splits and 1 lump.
- Steppe Gray Shrike, Lanius pallidirostris, is merged into Great Gray Shrike, Lanius excubitor;
- Northern Shrike / Great Gray Shrike, Lanius excubitor is split into Northern Shrike, Lanius borealis, and Great Gray Shrike, Lanius excubitor;
- Tibetan Shrike, Lanius giganteus, is split from Chinese Gray Shrike, Lanius sphenocercus;
- Socotra Shrike, Lanius uncinatus, and Desert Shrike, Lanius elegans, are split from Southern Gray Shrike, Lanius meridionalis.
[Laniidae, Corvida II, 2.59]
I've made one more change to the Muscicapidae based on Zuccon and Ericson (2010c).
The monotypic genera Saxicoloides and Trichixos have been merged into
Copsychus. This also entailed some minor rearrangement of these taxa.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.55]
Asthenes has been reorganized following Derryberry et al. (2010b).
The genera Oreophylax, Schizoeaca, and Siptornoides are
are now all included in Asthenes.
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.59]
There are two corrections to the scientific names:
Cossypha albicapillus and Monticola semirufus.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.54a]
The csv files have been updated.
I've updated the Muscicapidae based on Zuccon and Ericson (2010c). It took a while as
there was a lot to sort through.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.54]
The order of the three Perdix partridges has been adjusted based
on Bao et al. (2010).
[Phasianidae, Galliformes, 2.52]
There are two generic changes in the ovenbirds. The first is a new genus for the Spot-throated Woodcreeper, which moves from Deconychura to Certhiasomus (Derryberry et al., 2010a).
The second change is that “Asthenes” now has a name, Pseudasthenes
(Derryberry et al., 2010b). They also found that
the Patagonian Canastero, Pseudasthenes patagonica, and
Steinbach's Canastero, Pseudasthenes steinbachi, belong to this group.
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.58]
I'm made some adjustments to the order of the Lagonosticta firetails to
better conform with Sorensen et al. (2004). I've also taken
Arnaiz-Villena et al. (2009) into account.
[Estrildidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.52]
Six species of sea- and fish-eagles are transferred from Haliaeetus
to Icthyophaga (two of the six are generally considered to be in
Icthyophaga). I've also slightly adjusted the tree, but without affecting
the linear order.
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.52]
The genus name Pyrgisoma has been corrected to Kieneria.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.51]
The SACC name of Anthus chacoensis has been changed from
Chaco Pipit to Pampas Pipit. The IOC name remains Campo Pipit.
[Motacillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.52]
Following the recent SACC decision, Diglossopis has been
merged into Diglossa.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.55]
The SACC name of Scytalopus griseicollis has been changed to
Pale-bellied Tapaculo, so it is listed as
Pale-bellied Tapaculo / Matorral Tapaculo for now.
The SACC has endorsed the three-way split of Bar-winged Cinclodes, which was adopted here on July 7, 2009. However, they introduced the new name Chestnut-winged Cinclodes for Cinclodes albidiventris, which is now followed here.
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.57]
Following the recent SACC decision, Andean Motmot becomes the primary name
of Highland Motmot, Momotus aequatorialis.
[Momotidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.56]
I recognize two more splits from IOC version 2.4.
Melancholy Woodpecker, Dendropicos lugubris, is split from
Gabon Woodpecker, Dendropicos gabonensis;
Eastern Gray-Woodpecker, Dendropicos spodocephalus, is split from
African Gray-Woodpecker, Dendropicos goertae. These are fairly
widely recognized (HBW-7; Winkler et al., 1995; Sinclair and Ryan, 2003;
African Bird Club Checklist).
[Picidae, Piciformes, 2.54]
Based on McKay et al. (2010), I've split the Bahama Warbler,
Dendroica flavescens, from the Yellow-throated Warbler,
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.54]
I've added Monte Tyrannulet / Gray-crowned Tyrannulet, Serpophaga griseicapilla, to the list. It was previously referred to as Serpophaga griseiceps, but the type of griseiceps was actually a juvenile of S. munda (Herzog and Mazur Barnett, 2004). Straneck (2007) gave it the name S. griseiceps. It has been referred to as Gray-crowned Tyrannulet, but SACC proposal #419 prefers Monte Tyrannulet, which is also in use.
The Yellow-rumped Warbler, Dendroica coronata, is split into
Myrtle Warbler, Dendroica coronata,
Audubon's Warbler, Dendroica auduboni,
Black-fronted Warbler, Dendroica nigrifrons, and
Goldman's Warbler, Dendroica goldmani. See Milá et al. (2007)
and Brelsford and Irwin (2009). This also causes a slight change in
the ordering of the Dendroica as bigger clades are listed last. The
Yellow-rumped clade just got bigger.
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.53]
There are several IOC splits in the pipeline (for version 2.4) based on the forthcoming 4th edition of the Ornithological Society of New Zealand's checklist.
New Zealand Snipe, Coenocorypha aucklandica has been split into
Subantarctic Snipe, Coenocorypha aucklandica,
South Island Snipe, Coenocorypha iredalei, and
Snares Snipe, Coenocorypha huegeli. They have also been rearranged slightly.
See Baker et al. (2010) and Worthy et al. (2002).
[Scolopacidae, Charadriiformes, 2.53]
The two splits in the New Zealand Wattlebirds have also been recognized in HBW-14.
The Kokako, Callaeas cinereus, is split into
North Island Kokako, Callaeas wilsoni, and the recently extinct
South Island Kokako, Callaeas cinereus. See also Double and Murphy (2002).
The Saddleback, Philesturnus carunculatus is split into
North Island Saddleback, Philesturnus rufusater, and
South Island Saddleback, Philesturnus carunculatus.
[Callaeidae, Basal Passerida, 2.53]
There are two other IOC changes for version 2.4 that I'm adopting.
One is to split Brown Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia amboinensis, into
Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia amboinensis, and
Brown Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia phasianella. This matches the treatment in HBW-4, with
symmetric treatment of the allospecies.
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.53]
The other change is based on Nguembock et al. (2008c).
Tropical Boubou, Laniarius aethiopicus, is split into
Tropical Boubou, Laniarius major, and
Ethiopian Boubou, Laniarius aethiopicus. Based on Nguembock et al.'s results,
I would expect more changes for this genus in the future.
[Malaconotidae, Corvida I, 2.55]
Based on VanderWerf (2007) and VanderWerf et al. (2010),
the Elepaio, Chasiempis sandwichensis, is split into
Kauai Elepaio, Chasiempis sclateri,
Oahu Elepaio, Chasiempis ibidis, and
Hawaii Elepaio, Chasiempis sandwichensis. AOU is currently considering this
[Monarchidae, Corvida II, 2.58]
Black Scoter, Melanitta nigra is split into
Common Scoter, Melanitta nigra, and
Black Scoter, Melanitta americana. See Sangster (2009), who shows that
the breeding vocalizations are different. This change is under consideration by
AOU, and has been accepted by BOU and IOC.
[Anatidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.53]
The Blue-crowned Motmot, Momotus momota, is
split into 6 species based on a combination of Witt (2004) and Stiles (2009).
The species are Blue-crowned Motmot, Momotus coeruliceps (NE Mexico);
Blue-diademed Motmot, Momotus lessonii (Middle America);
Amazonian Motmot, Momotus momota (Amazon basin);
Silver-banded Motmot, Momotus argenticinctus (W Ecuador and NW Peru);
Trinidad Motmot, Momotus bahamensis (Trinidad and Tobago);
and Whooping Motmot, Momotus subrufescens (E Panama and NW South America).
[Momotidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.55]
Northern Boobook, Ninox japonica, and Chocolate Boobook, Ninox randi,
are split from Brown Hawk-Owl, Ninox scutulata. See King (2002). These
are on the IOC's accepted split list for the next edition, version 2.4.
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.54]
The Hepatic Tanager, Piranga flava, is split into three species: Lowland Hepatic-Tanager / Red Tanager, Piranga flava, Northern Hepatic-Tanager / Hepatic Tanager, Piranga hepatica, and Highland Hepatic-Tanager / Tooth-billed Tanager, Piranga lutea. These have frequently been considered distinct species and are so treated in many regional guidebooks. Burns (1998) found genetic differences between the three in the range typical of species, not subspecies.
Although the three groups in the Lampornis castaneoventris complex appear to have only recently separated (see García-Moreno et al., 2006), there seems to be little hybridization (see Stiles and Skutch, 1989; Schuchmann, 1999). This suggests that they are best considered three species. Accordingly, I follow IOC and Stiles and Skutch (1989) rather than AOU, splitting Gray-tailed Mountain-gem, Lampornis cinereicauda from White-throated Mountain-gem, Lampornis castaneoventris.
Doubleday's Hummingbird, Cynanthus doubledayi, is split from Broad-billed Hummingbird, Cynanthus latirostris. These two taxa have easily distinguished plumage, and in spite of the fact that their ranges abut one another, seem to be reciprocally monophyletic (García-Deras et al., 2008). In short, they appear to be distinct species, as treated by IOC, HBW-5 (Schuchmann, 1999), and Howell and Webb (1995), but not AOU.
The Streamertail, Trochilus polytmus, is split into Red-billed Streamertail, Trochilus polytmus, and Black-billed Streamertail, Trochilus scitulus. The AOU maintains these as one species, but Gill et al. (1973) provides evidence of a narrow hybrid zone. Accordingly, I've decided to follow the IOC and HBW-5 (Schuchmann, 1999) on this one.
Finally, I've combined Schuchmann's treatment of the Trochilini
with McGuire et al. (2007, 2009) in an attempt to deal with the
tangled situation of Amazilia and its allies.
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.54]
Coiba Spinetail, Cranioleuca dissita is split from
Rusty-backed Spinetail, Cranioleuca vulpina. In this case I'm
following IOC rather than AOU. Although the two species look
quite similar, there's an obvious difference in the song, which is usually
enough to distinguish furnariids. I'm not sure why AOU has these lumped.
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.56]
The sequence of hummingbirds did not match the csv files.
It has been corrected.
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.53]
Following HBW-14, Tablas Drongo, Dicrurus menagei,
Sumatran Drongo, Dicrurus sumatranus, and
Wallacean Drongo, Dicrurus densus are split from
Hair-crested Drongo, Dicrurus hottentottus. The drongos have
been reordered using Pasquet et al. (2007).
[Dicruridae, Corvida II, 2.57]
I've made various corrections to the scientific names. Genus spelling: Gliciphila melanops (Meliphagidae) Spelling of specific epithet: Megapodius forsteni (Megapodiidae), Ptilinopus greyi (Columbidae) Chrysococcyx meyerii (Cuculidae), Heterotetrax rueppelii (Otididae), Oriolus brachyrynchus (Oriolidae), Epimachus fastosus (Paradisaeidae), Urocissa erythroryncha (Corvidae), Zosterops leucophaeus (Zosteropidae), Anthreptes aurantius (Nectariniidae), Ploceus dichrocephalus (Ploceidae), Icterus jamacaii (Icteridae). Gender corrections: Ispidina picta, Corythornis cristatus, Ceyx pusillus, Ceyx azureus, Ceyx cyanopectus, and Ceyx argentatus (all Alcedinidae).
The pairs Royal Penguin, Eudyptes schlegeli/Macaroni Penguin, Eudyptes chrysolophus
and Fiordland Penguin, Eudyptes pachyrhynchus/Snares Penguin, Eudyptes robustus
are split. Based on Peucker et al. (2009), the Little and White-flippered Penguins are not
split. However, I'm going out on a limb and making a different split of Eudyptula minor
into Little Penguin, Eudyptula novaehollandiae, and
Blue Penguin, Eudyptula minor.
[Spheniscidae, Pelecanae II, 2.53]
There are two splits in the pittas, bringing the list in better agreement
with IOC and BLI. Sula Pitta, Erythropitta dohertyi is split from
Blue-banded Pitta, Erythropitta arquata, and
Black-crowned Pitta, Erythropitta ussheri is treated as separate from
both Garnet Pitta, Erythropitta granatina, and
Graceful Pitta, Erythropitta venusta.
[Pittidae, Passeriformes I, 2.51]
Krabbe and Cadena (2010) have found that the Paramo Tapaculo
consists of two species, Scytalopus canus and S. opacus.
The name Paramo Tapaculo is retained by S. opacus, while
S. canus becomes Paramillo Tapaculo.
[Rhinocryptidae, Furnariida II, 2.55]
The Acanthizidae have been completely rearranged at the genus level
based on Gardner et al. (2010). I've also reposistioned the Pardalotidae
as sister to Acanthizidae.
[Acanthizidae, Basal Oscines, 2.53]
Violet Crow, Corvus violaceus is split from
Slender-billed Crow, Corvus enca. See Rheindt and Hutchinson (2007).
[Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.56]
I've made some changes to the order in the swallows.
[Hirundinidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.52]
Buru Golden Bulbul, Thapsinillas mysticalis is split from
Seram Golden-Bulbul, Thapsinillas affinis. See Rheindt and Hutchinson (2007).
[Pycnonotidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.58]
Han et al. (2010) established the genus name Gactornis
for the Collared Nightjar (formerly Caprimulgus enarratus). Based on their
results and vocal differences,
Mexican Whip-poor-will, Antrostomus arizonae, is split from
Whip-poor-will, Antrostomus vociferus.
[Caprimulgidae, Metaves II, 2.53]
I've put the sandgrouse and mesites in their own orders (Pterocliformes
and Mesitornithiformes) rather than keep them hidden with the pigeons and doves.
The idea is that these are deep divisions in the avian tree, and that there
is too much uncertainty about whether they actually form a clade to keep
them in a single order. Right now, I have a few more orders than I would prefer,
but the cases I'd like to lump together all have some uncertainty hanging over
them. With the new arrangement, I have reasonable confidence that the
orders are all monophyletic. This change does not affect the linear
species order at all.
[Metaves I, 2.52]
I made some minor rearrangements of the long-tailed tits based on
Päckert et al. (2010). Their results also suggest Aegithalos concinnus
should be split, but due to limited taxon sampling, they stop short of
[Aegithalidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.57]
Zuccon and Ericson (2010b) have found that Neolestes is a bulbul after
all, so it is removed from the Incertae sedis basket and returned to Pycnonotidae.
They also present a bulbul phylogeny based on more genes than previous analyses. This
led to some adjustments in the ordering of the bulbuls, and the separation of
several Pycnonotus species in genus Rubigula.
[Pycnonotidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.56]
Following the recommendations of Zuccon and Ericson (2010a), I've lumped
the Amber Mountain Rock-Thrush, Monticola erythronotus, and
Benson's Rock-Thrush, Monticola bensoni, into Forest Rock-Thrush, Monticola sharpei;
moved White-winged Cliff-Chat from Thamnolaea to Monticola; and
split the Red-bellied Rock-Thrush, Monticola philippensis, from
the Blue Rock-Thrush, Monticola solitarius.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.53]
Some time ago I had substituted Anthodiaeta in place
of Hedydipna, following corrigenda-8 to the Howard and Moore
checklist (Dickinson et al., 2003). However, this change seems to be incorrect,
See Alan Peterson's analysis at
and the discussion on BirdForum.
Accordingly, I've restored Hedydipna.
[Nectariniidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.51]
Continuing the minor corrections, Tyranneutes chrysocephalum has
been corrected to Tyranneutes chrysocephalus (Tyranneutes is masculine).
[Pipridae, Tyrannida I, 2.51a]
and Greater Amakihi, which was listed variously as being in Hemignathus and Viridonia is now consistently in Viridonia.
Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.51a]
Stephen Nawrocki has updated and enhanced his excel spreadsheet of the TIF world list, reflecting all updates to the TIF list through January 4, 2010.