The information below includes the date and a brief description of each significant change, a link to the relevant page, and that page's new version number. Neither minor spelling corrections nor additions to the references are noted on this page.

Archives of ‘What's New’ Items

The updates for 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 have been archived separately.

2016 Additions and Subtractions

Based on scientific names.

2016 Discoveries and Splits (51)

  1. Middendorf's Bean-Goose, Anser middendorffii
  2. Sula Cuckoo-Dove, Turacoena sulaensis
  3. Sultan's Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia doreya
  4. Flores Sea Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia macassariensis
  5. Tanimbar Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia timorlaoensis
  6. Enggano Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia cinnamomea
  7. Barusan Cuckoo Dove, Macropygia modiglianii
  8. Lesser Violetear, Colibri cyanotus
  9. Russet-naped Wood-Rail / White-bellied Wood-Rail, Aramides albiventris
  10. Townsend's Storm-Petrel, Cymochorea socorroensis
  11. Ainley's Storm-Petrel, Cymochorea cheimomnestes
  12. Gray-faced Petrel, Pterodroma gouldi
  13. Cuban Ivory-billed Woodpecker, Campephilus bairdii
  14. Sooty Woodpecker / Southern Sooty-Woodpecker, Mulleripicus funebris
  15. Puerto Rican Parakeet, Psittacara maugei
  16. Coopman's Elaenia, Elaenia brachyptera
  17. Northern Mouse-colored Tyrannulet, Nesotriccus incomtus
  18. Tan-capped Catbird, Ailuroedus geislerorum
  19. Ochre-breasted Catbird, Ailuroedus stonii
  20. Spotted Catbird, Ailuroedus maculosus
  21. Huon Catbird, Ailuroedus astigmaticus
  22. Black-capped Catbird, Ailuroedus melanocephalus
  23. Arfak Catbird, Ailuroedus arfakianus
  24. Northern Catbird, Ailuroedus jobiensis
  25. Pilbara Grasswren, Amytornis whitei
  26. Sandhill Grasswren, Amytornis oweni
  27. Rusty Grasswren, Amytornis rowleyi
  28. Admiralty Islands Cicadabird, Edolisoma admiralitatis
  29. Chestnut-throated Flycatcher, Myiagra castaneigularis
  30. White-cheeked Monarch, Symposiachrus malaitae
  31. North Island Robin, Petroica longipes
  32. Pacific Robin, Petroica pusilla
  33. Aden Lark, Calandrella eremica
  34. Northern Red-capped Lark, Calandrella williamsi
  35. Sykes's Short-toed Lark, Calandrella dukhunensis
  36. Highland Rush Warbler, Bradypterus centralis
  37. Aceh Bulbul, Pycnonotus snouckaerti
  38. Tarim Babbler, Rhopophilus albosuperciliaris
  39. Dark-eyed White-eye, Zosterops tetiparius
  40. Gray-brown White-eye, Zosterops ponapensis
  41. Chinese Blue Flycatcher, Cyornis glaucicomans
  42. Chinese Rubythroat, Calliope tschebaiewi
  43. Himalayan Thrush, Zoothera salimalii
  44. Sichuan Thrush, Zoothera griseiceps
  45. Campina Thrush, Turdus arthuri
  46. Amazonian Thrush, Turdus debilis
  47. Canebrake Wren, Cantorchilus zeledoni
  48. Isthmian Wren, Cantorchilus elutus
  49. Santa Marta Wood-Wren, Henicorhina anachoreta
  50. Merida Brushfinch, Atlapetes meridae
  51. Black-fronted Brushfinch, Atlapetes nigrifrons
  52. Blood-red Tanager, Piranga haemalea

2016 Lumps (2)

  1. Caribbean Coot, Fulica caribaea
  2. Four-colored Bushshrike, Telophorus quadricolor

Current Totals

As of July 10, 2016, the TiF list contains 10849 species in 2387 genera, 252 families, and 46 orders.

Comparison with IOC list, version 6.2

As of June 7, 2016, the TIF list contained 10841 species. The differences between the TIF and IOC lists involve about 255 species (101 species removed, 152 species added, compared to IOC 6.2). Of the 102 species on the IOC list that I have not included, about 75% are New World species that neither of the AOU committees has accepted. I will eventually reconsider both these and the extinct species. Adding all of the extras would bring the TIF list to 10943 species, 152 more than the IOC 6.2 list.

IOC English Names

Although I started with the Howard-Moore list, I am now using the IOC list as a baseline. Every species gets an IOC-style name. That doesn't mean its the only name, or that it exactly matches the IOC name. Four percent of the species have two names. This usually happens because of differences between the IOC name and the AOU name (NACC or SACC). In such cases, I usually give the IOC name second, even in cases where I think the AOU name is stupid (E.g., redstarts for the Myioborus whitestarts). A few other non-IOC names have also been retained.

Some IOC-style names don't exactly match the true IOC name due to differences in taxonomy. For example, IOC recognizes two species of Laniisoma—Brazilian Laniisoma and Andean Laniisoma. In this case, I currently follow SACC taxonomy which has only one Laniisoma. However, their English name is entirely different (Shrike-like Cotinga). Keeping in mind that the species has been known as the Elegant Mourner, I added the IOC-ish English name Elegant Laniisoma.

The IOC-style names have been fully Americanized (gray, not grey; AOU-style hyphenation). I'm also a little more aggressive than AOU in adding hyphens to break up two-part names that don't scan well. I also favor hyphens when it makes the “last name” of the bird clear. Hyphens greatly improve the results when sorting bird names by last name. I know some people fight flame wars about it, but to me, bird names that differ only in hyphenation and/or American vs. British spelling, such as Grey Pileated Finch and Gray Pileated-Finch, are essentially identical (and are the IOC name).

Spreadsheets

Stephen Nawrocki has updated his enhanced excel spreadsheet of the TIF world list to Version 2.79. Numbering now matches the csv files.

Four lists are also available in csv format. Three of the lists use the TiF species list for that area. The ABA list has been modified to match the ABA species list.

The ABA list includes only ABA species, but in TiF order. The AOU and South American lists have a slightly different species list than the AOU's corresponding lists.

August 2016

August 28, 2016

Sandpiper-Plover: The alternate English name (Diademed Plover) of Diademed Sandpiper-Plover, Phegornis mitchellii has been removed. I have also corrected some text that should have been changed when the plovers were rearranged in version 3.01.
[Charadriidae, Charadriiformes, 3.04a]

August 21, 2016

Sandpipers: The Willet, Tringa semipalmata, has been split into Western Willet, Tringa inornata, and Eastern Willet, Tringa semipalmata, based on Oswald et al., (2016). I have also made some adjustments to the order of the Tringinae to better reflect available phylogenies.
[Scolopacidae, Charadriiformes, 3.04]

Gulls: The Gray-hooded Gull / Gray-headed Gull, Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus, has been split into the Gray-hooded Gull, Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus, of South America and the Gray-headed Gull, Chroicocephalus poiocephalus, of Africa. Given et al. (2005) found that C. poiocephalus was more closely related to Hartlaub's Gull, Chroicocephalus hartlaubii than to C. cirrocephalus. They noted this relationship could be an artifact of introgression, but they did not have any evidence to that effect.
[Laridae, Charadriiformes, 3.04]

August 15, 2016

There haven't been any updates lately as I've been on a birding trip to South Africa. This was my first trip to Africa and added 377 or so species to my life list (the exact total depends on some splits I'm considering).

July 2016

July 10, 2016

Cranes: The genus Grus has been split into three genera: Leucogeranus, Antigone, and Grus, as in H&M-4. Further, the deep division between the crowned cranes and the rest is recognized by putting the crowned cranes in subfamily Balearicinae. AOU recognizes at least one more genus (Anthropoides).
[Gruidae, Gruae I, 3.03]

Leach's Storm-Petrel complex: Townsend's Storm-Petrel, Cymochorea socorroensis, and Ainley's Storm-Petrel, Cymochorea cheimomnestes, have been split from Leach's Storm-Petrel, Cymochorea leucorhoa. Besides the references listed in the AOU proposal, Adams et al. (2016) and Bicknell et al. (2012) are useful when considering the Leach's complex. For a bit more discussion, follow the link below.
[Hydrobatidae, Ardeae 3.03b]

Toucans: Following the 57th supplement to the AOU list, the English name of Black-mandibled Toucan has been removed from the Yellow-throated Toucan (Ramphastos ambiguus).
[Ramphastidae, Piciformes 3.03a]

Bulbuls: Aceh Bulbul, Pycnonotus snouckaerti, has been split from Orange-spotted Bulbul, Pycnonotus bimaculatus, based on Eaton & Collar (2015).
[Pycnonotidae, Sylvioidea II, 3.02]

July 9, 2016

Violetears: The Green Violetear, Colibri thalassinus, has been split into Mexican Violetear, Colibri thalassinus, and Lesser Violetear, Colibri cyanotus based on Remsen et al. (2015). [Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 3.06]

Wood-Rails: Following the 57th supplement to AOU list, the English name of Rufous-naped Wood-Rail / White-bellied Wood-Rail, Aramides albiventris, has been changed to Russet-naped Wood-Rail / White-bellied Wood-Rail. AOU NACC has also changed the name of Gray-necked Wood-Rail to Gray-cowled Wood-Rail. SACC uses Gray-necked, and I continue to use that also.
[Rallidae, Gruae I, 3.02a]

Shearwaters: The scientific name of the Pink-footed Shearwater has been corrected to Ardenna creatopus (was creatopa). According to H&M-4, creatopus is invariable.
[Procellariidae, Ardeae 3.03b]

Blue-crowned Motmot complex: Following AOU supplement 57, the English name of Blue-crowned Motmot, Momotus coeruliceps, has been changed to Blue-capped Motmot, and Blue-diademed Motmot, Momotus lessonii, has been changed to Lesson's Motmot.
[Momotidae, Afroaves III, 3.01a]

Psittacara Parakeets: Based on Olson (2015), the extinct Puerto Rican Parakeet, Psittacara maugei, has been split from Hispaniolan Parakeet, Psittacara chloropterus.
[Psittacidae, Basal Australaves 3.05]

Skylarks: Following the 57th supplement to the AOU list, the English name of Sky Lark has been removed from the Eurasian Skylark, Alauda arvensis.
[Alaudidae, Paroidea & Sylvioidea I, 3.08a]

Bishops: Following AOU supplement 57, the English name of Orange Bishop has been removed from the Northern Red-Bishop, Euplectes franciscanus.
[Ploceidae, Core Passeroidea I, 3.03a]

Pseudosaltator: The Rufous-bellied Saltator, Dubusia rufiventris, becomes Rufous-bellied Mountain-Tanager, Pseudosaltator rufiventris due to SACC Proposal #722. [Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 3.04]

July 8, 2016

Coots: Following AOU supplement 57 (2016), the Caribbean Coot, Fulica caribaea, is now treated as a color morph of American Coot, Fulica americana. There was never strong evidence these were separate species.
[Rallidae, Gruae I, 3.02]

Larks: When separating Darod Lark, Calandrella daaroodensis, from Blanford's Lark, Calandrella blanfordi, I had missed that eremica belongs with daaroodensis. Since eremica has priority, Darod Lark becomes Calandrella eremica. Since the resulting species occurs on both sides of the Gulf of Aden, Darod Lark is no longer an appropriate name, and no name seems to be in use, I'm calling it Aden Lark. In sum, Darod Lark, Calandrella daaroodensis is replaced by Aden Lark, Calandrella eremica.
[Alaudidae, Paroidea & Sylvioidea I, 3.08]

Wrens: Saucier et al. (2016) found that the Plain Wren, Cantorchilus modestus, is actually three species: Cabanis's Wren, Cantorchilus modestus, Canebrake Wren, Cantorchilus zeledoni, and Isthmian Wren, Cantorchilus elutus. The split of Canebrake Wren had previously been advocated by Kroodsma and Brewer (2005). See also Mann et al. (2006).

The Santa Marta Wood-Wren, Henicorhina anachoreta, has been split from Gray-breasted Wood-Wren, Henicorhina leucophrys. See Caro et al. (2013) and SACC proposal #700. The Gray-breasted Wood-Wren complex is rather complicated and I think it is likely there will be future splits once the complex is better understood.
[Troglodytidae, Certhioidea, 3.02]

Bush-tanagers: Klicka et al. (2014) found that the Yellow-green Bush-tanager, formerly Chlorospingus flavovirens, was a tanager, and not part of the sparrow genus Chlorospingus. However, they did not include enough tanagers in their analysis to determine its affinities. This has now been remedied by Avendaño et al. (2016), who found it is sister to the Blue-and-gold Tanager, Bangsia arcaei. As a result, the Yellow-green Bush-tanager is now Bangsia flavovirens.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 3.04]

June 2016

June 9, 2016

White-eyes: Cornetti et al. (2015) found that the Small and Large Lifou White-eyes are fairly closely related (closer to each other than to the Silvereye). So I have moved the Green-backed White-eye, Zosterops xanthochroa, and Small Lifou White-eye, Zosterops minutus, to a position near the Large Lifou White-eye, Zosterops inornatus.
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 3.05]

June 7, 2016

Blue Flycatchers: The Chinese Blue Flycatcher, Cyornis glaucicomans, has been split from Blue-throated Blue-Flycatcher, Cyornis rubeculoides. Note that the subspecies klossi seems to belong to the Hainan Blue-Flycatcher, Cyornis hainanus. See Zhang et al. (2016).
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 3.07]

June 6, 2016

Northern Storm-Petrels: Although there is no change to the linear order, I've adjusted the Hydrobatidae species tree to take Sausner et al. (2016) into account.
[Hydrobatidae, Ardeae 3.03a]

Black Sunbird: The species name Black Sunbird, Leptocoma sericea, has been changed to aspasia. It was originally named as Cinnyris sericeus (Lesson, 1827), a junior homonym of Cinnyris sericeus (Bechstein 1811), so the next oldest name aspasia must be used instead.
[Nectariniidae, Basal Passeroidea, 3.01a]

June 5, 2016

Striolated Puffbirds: The Striolated Puffbird, Nystalus striolatus, has been split into Western Striolated-Puffbird, Nystalus obamai, and Eastern Striolated-Puffbird, Nystalus striolatus. See Whitney et al. (2013e) and SACC #617 and #679.
[Bucconidae, Piciformes 3.03]

Thrushes: Based on Alström et al. (2016), the Plain-backed Thrush, Zoothera mollissima, has been split into:

  • Alpine Thrush, Zoothera mollissima
  • Himalayan Thrush, Zoothera salimalii
  • Sichuan Thrush, Zoothera griseiceps

There is probably another species here, “Yunnan Thrush”, but futher work is necessary to confirm this.
[Turdidae, Muscicapoidea II, 3.06]

Ficedula: The English name of Ficedula luzoniensis has been changed from Thicket Flycatcher to Bundok Flycatcher to match IOC.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 3.06]

June 4, 2016

Tyrannulets: Zucker et al. (2016) found that Nesotriccus is embedded in Phaeomyias and that both are very closely related to Phyllomyias. Accordingly, I have merged Nesotriccus (Cocos Flycatcher) and Phaeomyias into Phyllomyias. It would not be unreasonable to go a step further and merge the monotypic Capsiempis with Phyllomyias. However, both names have equal priority and need a first reviser action to decide between them. Since there's not a strong need to merge them, it can wait.

Also based on Zucker et al. (2016), the Mouse-colored Tyrannulet, formerly Phaeomyias murina, has been split into Amazonian Mouse-colored Tyrannulet, Phyllomyias murinus, including wagae, and Northern Mouse-colored Tyrannulet, Phyllomyias incomtus, including eremonomus.
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II 3.03]

June 3, 2016

White-eyes: The Dark-eyed White-eye, Zosterops tetiparius, including paradoxus (called rendovae by H&M-4) has been split from the Solomons White-eye, Zosterops kulambangrae, based on H&M-4, IOC 6.2, and Moyle et al. (2009). IOC 6.2 uses rendovae for a different species, see the box on the rendovae problem.

Based on Hayes et al. (2016), the Gray-brown White-eye, Zosterops cinereus, has been split into Kosrae White-eye, Zosterops cinereus, and Gray-brown White-eye, Zosterops ponapensis.
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 3.04]

May 2016

May 31, 2016

Thistletails: Based on Hosner et al. (2015b) and SACC #697, the Ayacucho Thistletail, Asthenes ayacuchensis, has been split from Vilcabamba Thistletail, Asthenes vilcabambae. These are not each other's closest relatives and the split has caused some minor rearrangement of Asthenes.
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 3.02]

Rubythroats: The White-tailed Rubythroat, Calliope pectoralis, has been split into Himayalan Rubythroat, Calliope pectoralis, and Chinese Rubythroat, Calliope tschebaiewi, based on Liu et al. (2016).
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 3.05]

May 29, 2016

Calandrella Larks: The genus Calandrella has been studied in detail by Stervander et al. (2016). I use their arrangment, and have implemented three splits.

  • Darod Lark, Calandrella daaroodensis, of northern Somalia has been split from Blanford's Lark, Calandrella blanfordi.
  • Red-capped Lark, Calandrella cinerea, is split into Northern Red-capped Lark, Calandrella williamsi, and Southern Red-capped Lark, Calandrella cinerea. The Northern Red-capped Lark only the Kenyan birds (williamsi) and Nigerian birds usually attributed to saturatior. If they had a scientific name, I would probably split the Nigerian and Kenyan birds into two species. The type of saturatior is from Angola, representing a Southern Red-capped Lark. The isolated northern populations in the DR Congo and Uganda belong in Southern Red-capped Lark.
  • Sykes's Short-toed Lark, Calandrella dukhunensis, has been split from Greater Short-toed Lark, Calandrella brachydactyla. The name Rufous Short-toed Lark has been used for this species, but has also been used more appropriately for the Somali Short-toed Lark, Alaudala somalica.

[Alaudidae, Paroidea & Sylvioidea I, 3.07]

Ficedula Flycatchers: I've made some adjustments to the Ficedula tree based on Hooper et al. (2016). They added some samples from the Black-and-orange Flycatcher, Ficedula nigrorufa, and provided further evidence that the Rusty-tailed Flycatcher belongs in Ficedula, which we already knew from Raty's analysis on BirdForum.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 3.04]

May 28, 2016

American Sparrows: Bryson et al. (2016) mostly resolves the order of the tribes in Passerellidae. The position of Chlorospingini is a little uncertain, but probably correct. Further, Spizella and Arremon have been reordered as in Barker et al. (2015), and I have split the basal Arremon as Lysurus. Two of these were in Lysurus in H&M-3, while the other two were in Buarremon, whose type species torquatus has been returned to Buarremon, along with the other 7 species previously split from it.

The arrangement of genera inside the tribes remains particularly uncertain in three cases: Ammodramini, Passerculini, and Pipilonini. Ammodramini is a particular problem and Bryson et al.'s Figure 2B (2016) has it totally unresolved. I have followed Figure 2A which does resolve it, but with weak support. Barker et al. (2015) is similar but with Ammodrammus basal. For Passerculini, which is not well-resolved by Bryson et al. (2016), I have followed Klicka et al. (2014). However, taking Barker et al. (2015) into account, Centronyx (Henslow's and Baird's Sparrows) has been merged into Passerculus, and Xenospiza has been merged into Melospiza. Barker et al. (2016) give a somewhat different topology, but I just don't see Baird's and Sierra Madre Sparrows as sister species, while Baird's and Henslow's sister and related to Savannah Sparrow as in Klicka et al. (2014) makes a lot of sense. That brings us to Pipilonini. Based on Barker et al. (2015) and Bryson et al. (2016), I have returned the White-eared and Prevost's Ground-Sparrows to Melozone. It is not clear whether they are closer to Aimophila or to Kieneria as in Barker et al. (2015) or basal to both as in Bryson et al. (2016) Figure 2B. The position of Pezopetes and Torreornis is also uncertain. Klicka et al. (2014) had them weakly attached to the Melozone-Aimophila-Kieneria clade. Barker et al. (2015) found them in a clade sister to Pipilo. Bryson et al. (2016) did not include Torreornis, but had Pezopetes sister to Atlapetes-Pipilo in Figure 2A, and in a basal polytomy in Figure 2B. As a result, I moved them to a basal trichotomy with Melozone-Aimophila-Kieneria and Atlapetes-Pipilo.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea III, 3.03]

May 26, 2016

Geese: I've updated the phylogeny of Anser and Branta based on Ottenburghs et al. (2016). Their calibrated phylogeny suggests that the two genus treatment is best. Their phylogeny does not combine well with Ruokonen and Aarvak (2011), rendering the position of Middendorf's Bean-Goose somewhat uncertain.
[Anatidae, Anseriformes, 3.02]

May 21, 2016

Woodpeckers: A number of changes have been made based on Dufort (2016). As far as general organization is concerned, Nesoctitinae has been demoted to tribe Nesoctitini within Picidae; Chrysocolaptini has been separated from Campephilini; and Picoidini has been separated from Melanerpini. All seem to be among the deeper branches of the woodpecker tree. Changes within Picoidini are based on Fuchs and Pons (2015) and Dufort (2016). The arrangment of Celeus draws on Benz and Robbins (2011).

Generic changes include the following:

  • The African Piculet, Verreauxia africana, has been removed from Sasia. See H&M-4 and Dufort (2016).
  • The Speckled Piculet, Vivia innominata, has been removed from Picumnus. See Dufort (2016).
  • Campethera has been merged into Geocolaptes. Dufort (2016) found that the Ground Woodpecker, Geocolaptes olivaceus, is embedded in Campethera. Since Geocolaptes (Burchell, 1832) has priority over Campethera (G.R. Gray, 1841), the combined genus must take the name Geocolaptes.
  • The Helmeted Woodpecker belongs in Celeus, not Hylatomus. See Benz et al. (2015) and Lammertink et al. (2016).
  • The Hispaniolan Woodpecker is separated from Melanerpes as Chryserpes striatus. See Dufort (2016).
  • The Yellow-crowned Woodpecker moves to Leiopicus from Chloropicus. It's not entirely clear whether it is closer to Dendrocoptes or Chloropicus. See Fuchs and Pons (2015).

At the species level, there are two splits. Ivory-billed Woodpecker, Campephilus principalis, has been split into Campephilus principalis, American Ivory-billed Woodpecker, and Campephilus bairdii, Cuban Ivory-billed Woodpecker. See Fleischer et al. (2007) and Dufort (2016). Sooty Woodpecker, Mulleripicus funebris, has been split into Sooty Woodpecker / Southern Sooty-Woodpecker, Mulleripicus fuliginosus, and Funereal Woodpecker / Northern Sooty-Woodpecker, Mulleripicus funebris, based on Dufort (2016). Further, the Bronze-winged Woodpecker now includes the subspecies yucatanensis. As a result, it takes the scientific name Colaptes yucatanensis as yucatanensis (S. Cabot, 1844) has priority over aeruginosus (Malherbe, 1862). These two taxa may be separate species, but more study is need here and elsewhere in the Golden-olive complex.
[Picidae, Piciformes 3.02]

May 11, 2016

Pterodroma: Based on Woods et al. (2016), the Gray-faced Petrel, Pterodroma gouldi, has been split from Great-winged Petrel, Pterodroma macroptera. Note that these are not sister taxa.
[Procellariidae, Ardeae 3.03]

May 2, 2016

English name changes from IOC: There are some updates to English names based on IOC 6.1 and 6.2.

  • Alternate name removed from Common Loon, Gavia immer.
    [Gaviidae, Ardeae 3.02c]
  • Alternate name removed from Choco Sirystes, Sirystes albogriseus.
    [Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II 3.02b]
  • Santa Cruz Whistler, Pachycephala vanikorensis, becomes Temotu Whistler.
    [Pachycephalidae, Corvida I 3.01a]
  • Alternate name removed from Espanola Mockingbird, Mimus macdonaldi.
    [Mimidae, Muscicapoidea I 3.00b]

There's also one scientific name change. Mascarene Parrot is Mascarinus mascarinus, not M. mascarin. According to IOC, this matches the way similar species epithets from Linnaeus are treated.
[Psittaculidae, Basal Australaves 3.04a]

May 1, 2016

CSV Files: The CSV files have now been updated to version 3.06.

Fodies and Weavers: The Fodies have been rearranged based on Warren et al. (2012), which I had missed before. I noticed an error in translating the tree for the Ploceidae, so both it and the linear order have been corrected. The results from Warren et al. also suggest that Textor is not monophyletic. However, this involves species used as outgroups, and I've found that strange things can happen in these cases. As a result I am not splitting Textor at this time.

I also note the wide discrepancy between the dating of the Warren et al. and Päckert et al. (2016) trees. In particular, the split between Ploceus and Euplectes is dated at about 13 mya by Päckert et al. while Warren et al. date it at 1.43 mya (node 1). I suspect the Päckert et al. dates are artificially lengthened by doubtful calibration points. One is an undescribed fossil, likely a single bone, from Becker (1987). They do not cite Becker. The other is the separation of Australia from New Zealand as a “soft minimum”. In general, it is difficult to know how the extra time is distributed across the tree, but I don't think this is enough to account for the order of magnitude difference in dating the split, although it may account for half or more of the difference. I can't say that I entirely trust the temporally fixed node 6 that Warren et al. use either.
[Ploceidae, Core Passeroidea I, 3.03]

April 2016

April 29, 2016

Przevalski's Finch: I've repositioned Przevalski's Finch, Urocynchramus pylzowi, based on Päckert et al. (2016). It is now sister to the weavers, Ploceidae.
[Urocynchramidae, Core Passeroidea I, 3.02]

Weavers: Based on Päckert et al., I've rearranged the Ploceidae and split Ploceus into two genera: Ploceus for the Asian species and Textor for the African species.
[Ploceidae, Core Passeroidea I, 3.02]

April 24, 2016

Geese: The genus Branta has been rearranged and Philacte and Chen merged into Anser. See Paxinos et al. (2002).

I am now treating the Bean Goose as three species instead of two. Sangster and Oreel (1996) presented evidence that the Taiga Bean-Goose and Tundra Bean-Goose interbred rarely or not at all, that they are separate biological species. Although Ruokonen et al. (2008) presented evidence that they are reciprocally monophyletic, increasing sampling in Ruokonen and Aarvak (2011) contradicted this. I am presuming this represents incomplete lineage sorting. Ruokonen and Aarvak (2011) also found that the sister taxa johanseni and middendorffii were basal to both, and I have split them as Middendorf's Bean-Goose, Anser middendorffii. There is a complication in that birds identified as neglectus in all three groups. Apparently the neglectus specimens were quite diverse in appearance too, and this subspecies seems better left unrecognized. The evidence here is not conclusive, but my best guess as to how to divide the Bean-Geese is this:

  • Middendorf's Bean-Goose, Anser middendorffii (inc. johanseni)
  • Taiga Bean-Goose, Anser fabalis (monotypic)
  • Tundra Bean-Goose, Anser serrirostris (inc. rossicus)

[Anatidae, Anseriformes, 3.01]

April 20, 2016

Old World Sparrows: Gymnoris and Carpospiza have been repositioned based on Price et al., 2014 and Raty (BirdForum). Because Gymnoris is not sister to Petronia, I am calling them Bush-Sparrows, as in H&M-4 (Dickinson and Christidis, 2014). The IOC names are retained as secondary names.

  • Yellow-throated Bush-Sparrow / Yellow-throated Petronia, Gymnoris superciliaris,
  • Sahel Bush-Sparrow / Bush Petronia, Gymnoris dentata,
  • Yellow-spotted Bush-Sparrow / Yellow-spotted Petronia, Gymnoris pyrgita,
  • Chestnut-shouldered Bush-Sparrow / Yellow-throated Sparrow, Gymnoris xanthocollis.

[Passeridae, Core Passeroidea II, 3.04]

April 16, 2016

Grasswrens: Pilbara Grasswren, Amytornis whitei, Sandhill Grasswren, Amytornis oweni, and Rusty Grasswren, Amytornis rowleyi, have been split from Striated Grasswren, Amytornis striatus, based on Christidis et al. (2013) (I only recently got a copy of the complete paper). The grasswrens have been rearranged based on Christidis et al. (2010). My Maluridae species tree had a typo in it which has now been corrected (6:45pm EDT).
[Maluridae, Basal Oscines, 3.04]

April 11, 2016

Cuckoo-Doves: The English names of White-faced Dove, Turacoena manadensis, and Black Dove, Turacoena modesta, have been changed to White-faced Cuckoo-Dove and Black Cuckoo-Dove to match recent IOC changes. There are also several splits.

  • Based on Ng and Rheindt (2016), Sula Cuckoo-Dove, Turacoena sulaensis, has been split from White-faced Cuckoo-Dove, Turacoena manadensis.

The remaining splits are based on Ng et al. (2016).

  • Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia amboinensis, has been split into Sultan's Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia doreya, and Amboyna Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia amboinensis.
  • Bar-necked Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia magna, has been split into Flores Sea Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia macassariensis, Timor Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia magna, and Tanimbar Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia timorlaoensis.
  • Enggano Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia cinnamomea, and Barusan Cuckoo Dove, Macropygia modiglianii, have been split from Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia emiliana.
  • The subspecies borneensis has been moved from Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia emiliana, to Philippine Cuckoo-Dove, Macropygia tenuirostris.

[Columbidae, Columbea, 3.04]

April 8, 2016

Ailuroedus catbirds: I have accepted a number of splits in the Ailuroedus catbirds that were recommended by Irestedt et al. (2016) and adopted by IOC. They are:

  • Split Tan-capped Catbird, Ailuroedus geislerorum (inc. molestus Rothschild & Hartert, 1929), and Ochre-breasted Catbird, Ailuroedus stonii (inc. cinnamomeus), from White-eared Catbird, Ailuroedus buccoides.
  • Split Spotted Catbird, Ailuroedus melanotis into Spotted Catbird, Ailuroedus maculosus, Huon Catbird, Ailuroedus astigmaticus, Black-capped Catbird, Ailuroedus melanocephalus, Black-eared Catbird, Ailuroedus melanotis (inc. joanae and facialis) Arfak Catbird, Ailuroedus arfakianus (inc. misoliensis), and Northern Catbird, Ailuroedus jobiensis inc. guttaticollis.

Further, I have added a species tree for the catbirds and bowerbirds. This has led to some minor rearrangement of the bowerbirds.
[Ptilonorhynchidae, Basal Oscines, 3.03]

March 2016

March 27, 2016

Pygmy Bushtit: Johansson et al. (2016) found that Psaltria is embedded in the concinnus complex (which still needs to be sorted out). I have merged Psaltria into Aegithalos.
[Aegithalidae, Sylvioidea II, 3.01]

March 11, 2016

Elaenias: I've changed the English name of Greater Antillean Elaenia, Elaenia fallax to Sclater's Flycatcher. The other name didn't really fit since the Hispaniolan subspecies was previously split, meaning that Elaenia fallax is restricted to Jamaica. Note that Jamaican Elaenia, formerly used for this taxon, is now used for Myiopagis cotta
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 3.02a]

Tanagers: The genus name Pseudochloris (Sharpe 1888) repalces the temporary "Sicalis".
Burns et al. (2016) have established several new names that replace temporary names. The Chestnut-headed Tanager, Thlypopsis "ruficeps", becomes, Thlypopsis pyrrhocoma. Several genera are also changed: "Hemispingus" becomes Kleinothraupis, "Poospiza" becomes Castanozoster, and "Loxigilla" becomes Asemospiza. Burns et al. (2016) contains other new genus names, but I think the tanagers are already oversplit at the genus level and am more inclined to lump existing genera, as I previously did with the Galapagos finches.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 3.03a]

March 6, 2016

Noddies: The genus Procelsterna has been merged into Anous. See Cibois et al. (2016).
[Laridae, Charadriiformes, 3.03]

February 2016

February 14

English name changes: The following English names have been changed based on SACC and IOC decisions:

  • Andean Snipe, Chubbia jamesoni, becomes Jameson's Snipe.
    [Scolopacidae, Charadriiformes, 3.02c]
  • Big-crested Penguin / Erect-crested Penguin, Eudyptes sclateri, becomes Erect-crested Penguin.
    [Spheniscidae, Ardeae, 3.02b]
  • Solitary Eagle / Montane Solitary-Eagle, Buteogallus solitarius, becomes Solitary Eagle; Crowned Eagle / Crowned Solitary-Eagle, Buteogallus coronatus, becomes Chaco Eagle.
    [Pandionidae, Accipitrimorphae, 3.00c]

Lesser Elaenia: Coopmans's Elaenia, Elaenia brachyptera, has been split from Lesser Elaenia, Elaenia chiriquensis, based on Rheindt et al. (2015).
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 3.02]

Black-billed Thrush: Based on Cequeira et al. (2016), the Amazonian Thrush, Turdus debilis, and Campina Thrush, Turdus arthuri, have been split from the Black-billed Thrush, Turdus ignobilis. [Turdidae, Muscicapoidea II, 3.03]

Piranga: Based on Manthey et al. (2016), the Blood-red Tanager, Piranga haemalea, historically considered a separate species, has been re-split from Highland Hepatic-Tanager / Tooth-billed Tanager, Piranga lutea. Piranga has also been rearranged.
[Cardinalidae, Core Passeroidea V, 3.03]

February 7

Wood-Rails: Based on Marcondes and Silveira (2015), the Rufous-naped Wood-Rail / White-bellied Wood-Rail, Aramides albiventris, including subspecies mexicanus, vanrossemi, pacificus, and plumbeicollis, has been split from Gray-necked Wood-Rail, Aramides cajaneus.
[Rallidae, Gruae I, 3.01]

Penguins: The discussion of Little and Blue Penguins has been updated to include Grosser et al. (2015) and (2016), which found that Little Penguins are recent arrivals in New Zealand.
[Spheniscidae, Ardeae, 3.02a]

Certhioidea: Add some discussion of Price et al. (2014) and Selvatti et al. (2015) relating to the status and placement of Tichodromidae.
[Certhioidea, 3.01a]

January 2016

January 9

Locustellidae: Alström et al. (2011b) found that the Little Rush Warbler, Bradypterus baboecala, consists of at least two species. The Highland Rush Warbler, Bradypterus centralis, has been split from it. The correct allocation of subspecies remains uncertain. Alström et al. examined 4 subspecies: transvaalensis and tongensis from the baboecala group and centralis and elgonensis from the centralis group. IOC has included only the two subspecies in centralis, while H&M-4 (Dickinson and Christidis, 2014) also included chadensis and sudanensis in the Highland Rush Warbler (B. centralis).

There is additional information available. Kennerley and Pearson (2010) note that some birds from Cameroon, usually thought to be centralis have vocalizations that “sound like southern birds rather than those of SW Uganda and Rwanda.” They suggest that these birds are not centralis. Since then, they have been considered part of msiri. Stervander et al. (2005) found Rush Warbler on the Jos Plateau in central Nigeria that responded to playback of Little Rush Warbler calls, even though it looked more like centralis. Dowsett and Dowsett-Lemaire (2015) found that birds at Lake Awassa in Ethiopia responded to playback of songs from South Africa, suggesting that abyssinicus belongs in the baboecala group. More work needs to be done to properly sort out this situation.
[Locustellidae, Paroidea & Sylvioidea I, 3.06]

Paradoxornithidae: Leader et al. (2013) found that the Chinese Hill Warbler, Rhopophilus pekinensis, consists of two species. Accordingly, it has been split into Tarim Babbler, Rhopophilus albosuperciliaris, and Beijing Babbler, Rhopophilus pekinensis.
[Paradoxornithidae, Sylvioidea III, 3.03]

January 8

Australasian Robins: Based on Miller and Lambert (2006) and H&M-4 (among others), the New Zealand Robin, Petroica australis, has been split into North Island Robin, Petroica longipes, and South Island Robin, Petroica australis (inc. rakiura). Based on Kearns et al. (2016), the Pacific Robin, Petroica multicolor, has been split into Pacific Robin, Petroica pusilla and the monotypic Norfolk Robin, Petroica multicolor. The English name of the New Guinea Scrub-Robin, Drymodes beccarii, has been changed to Papuan Scrub-Robin to match IOC usage.
[Petroicidae, Basal Passerida, 3.02]

Bushshrikes: The current consensus seems to be that the Four-colored Bushshrike, Telophorus quadricolor, is better treated as a subspecies of the Gorgeous Bushshrike, Telophorus viridis. E.g., Dowsett, R.J., and F. Dowsett-Lemaire (1993), H&M-4 (Dickinson and Christidis, 2014), HBW Alive, Clements 6,9, IOC-5.3.
[Malaconotidae, Corvida II, 3.02]

January 7

Atalapetes Brushfinches: Based on Donegan et al. (2014a), Merida Brushfinch, Atlapetes meridae, has been split from Moustached Brushfinch, Atlapetes albofrenatus, and Black-fronted Brushfinch, Atlapetes nigrifrons, has been split from Yellow-breasted Brushfinch, Atlapetes latinuchus.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea III, 3.02]

January 1

Happy New Year! The new year brings a major revision of Corvida. This was originally planned to incorporate Jønsson et al. (2016) into the TiF list, but the project grew. Consideration of Aggerbeck et al. (2014), Marki et al. (2015), and Jønsson et al. (2016) ended up with only minor changes to the family order. The fact that Marki et al. (2015) gave a phylogeny very similar to Aggerbeck (2014) in spite of the fact that their dataset was very similar to Jønsson et al. played a big role in this. There is still some uncertainty about the exact positioning of several families in Corvida.

The process took a long time partly because I've reexamined all of the corvid families. Changes within them are detailed below. (Some minor corrections were made Jan 3-7.)

Corvida: I've made some changes to some of the corvid families based on Marki et al. (2015) and Jønsson et al. (2016). Neosittidae has been moved and placed in its own superfamily, Neosittoidea. The tree has also been adjusted slightly in the direction of more uncertainty without further changing the order of the families. At the superorder level, I've also merged Pachycephaloidea into Oroloidea and Campehpagoidea into Malaconotoidea. The subfamilies Pteruthiinae and Rhaagologinae have been promoted to families and Chaetorhynchus and Lamprolia has been given their own family, Lamproliidae. I have also added subfamilies to Campephagidae and Paradisaeidae.
[Corvida I, 3.01]
[Corvida II, 3.01]
[Corvida III, 3.01]

Cinclosomatidae: The Cinclosomatidae tree has been adjusted slightly based on Jønsson et al. (2016). I have not followed their suggestions concerning genera.
[Cinclosomatidae, Corvida I, 3.01]

Orioles: Based on Jønsson et al. (2016) as well as appearance, Oriolus has been separated into 4 genera. Brown Oriole though Tanimbar Oriole, which also have distinct skull morphology have been separated in genus Mimeta (Vigors and Horsfield 1827, type sagittata). Further, Dark-throated Oriole through Isabela Oriole have been placed in genus Xanthonotus (Bonaparte 1854, type xanthonotus). Finally, Black-and-crimson Oriole through Silver Oriole go in the genus Analcipus (Swainson 1831, type cruentus).
[Oriolidae, Corvida I, 3.01]

Whipbirds and Wedgebills: The Psophodidae have been rearranged and divided into three genera based on Toon et al. (2013) and Jønsson et al. (2016). The three genera are used because the divisions within the family are deeper than usually supposed. The genus Androphobus has been merged into Psophodes because Jønsson et al. (2016) found it is sister to the Eastern Whipbird. The Wedgebills take the genus name Sphenostoma (Gould 1838, type cristatum) and the Western and Mallee Whipbirds become genus Phodopses (Schodde and Mason 1999, type nigrogularis).
[Psophodidae, Corvida I, 3.01]

Cuckooshrikes: I've added a tree for the cuckooshrike family (Campephagidae). The minivets have been put in their own subfamiliy, Pericrocotinae. Five species of Coracina have been separated as Ceblepyris (Cuvier 1816, type cinereus). See H&M-4 (Dickinson and Christidis, 2014) and Jønsson et al. (2010c, 2016). Also, the Admiralty Islands Cicadabird, Edolisoma admiralitatis, has been split from Common Cicadabird, Edolisoma tenuirostre (H&M 4; J&olash;nsson et al., 2010c). The last part of Edolisoma has been resequenced to better reflect Jønsson et al. (2010c).
[Campephagidae, Corvida II, 3.01]

Mottled Whistler: The Mottled Whistler has been promoted to a family, Rhagologidae, based on Jønsson et al. (2016).
[Rhagologidae, Corvida II, 3.01]

Batises: Platysteiridae has been rearranged based on a combination of Njabo et al. (2008), Fuchs et al. (2012b), and Jønsson et al. (2016) together with a lot of guesswork. It is clear that some of the putative Batis superspecies involve birds that are not closely related. What is not clear is how to put them back together. No doubt further revision will be needed. Nine species of Batis have been placed in the temporary genus "Batis".

The Western Black-headed Batis has been moved from Batis to Lanioturdus, as Lanioturdus erlangeri, based on Jønsson et al. (2016).
[Platysteiridae, Corvida II, 3.01]

Silktail: Lamproliidae (Silktail and Drongo Fantail) has been split from Rhipiduridae based on Jønsson et al. (2016). [Lamproliidae, Corvida III, 3.01]

Fantails: Added species tree. Based on Nyári et al. (2009) and Jønsson et al. (2016), I have split Rhipidura into 8 genera. Three do not seem to have available names, so I have given them temporary designations. The temporary genera are "Leucocirca1", "Leucocirca2", the true Leucocirca, "Rhipidura", Neomyias, Cyanonympha, the true Rhipidura, and Howeavis.
[Rhipiduridae, Corvida III, 3.01]

Drongos: Added species tree. I've also divided Dicruridae into 4 genera: Chaptia, Drongo, Edolius, and Dicrurus. This arrangement is based on Jønsson et al. (2016) and Pasquet et al. (2007). Thanks to James Jobling for pointing out Drongo.
[Dicruridae, Corvida III, 3.01]

Birds-of-paradise: Subfamilies and a species tree have been added. The manucodes and paradise-crow have been separated in their own subfamily, Phonygamminae. The position of the Magnificent Bird-of-paradise, Diphyllodes magnificus, has been adjusted as a result. Further, I have decided it is better to keep all of the riflebirds in the same genus. Since this clade includes the Superb Bird-of-paradise, Ptiloris (Swainson 1825) been replaced by Lophorina (Vieillot 1816).
[Paradisaeidae, Corvida III, 3.01]

Monarchs: The Monarchidae have been rearranged based on Andersen et al. (2015b). Among other things, Grallina has been moved to the basal position in subfamily Monarchinae. Data on timing from Jønsson et al. (2016) was combined with Andersen et al. (2015b) to merge 5 genera into Monarcha (Chasiempis, Clytorhynchus, Mayrornis, Neolalage, and Pomarea).

As recommended by Andersen et al. (2015b), Chestnut-throated Flycatcher, Myiagra castaneigularis (inc. whitneyi), has been split from Azure-crested Flycatcher, Myiagra azureocapilla. In addition, I have split White-cheeked Monarch, Symposiachrus malaitae, from Solomons Monarch, Symposiachrus barbatus.
[Monarchidae, Corvida III, 3.01]

Shrikes: The Long-tailed Fiscal is now in the monotypic genus Neofiscus (Roberts 1922). The remaining Lanius shrikes have been rearranged. using a combination of Fuchs et al. (2011c), Gonzalez et al. (2008), Jønsson et al. (2016), Olsson et al. (2010), and Peer et al. (2011). This is currently too conjectural to include a species tree.
[Laniidae, Corvida III, 3.01]