The information below includes the date and a brief description of each significant change, a link to the relevant page, and that page's new version number. Neither minor spelling corrections nor additions to the references are noted on this page.
I changed the English name of Lanius meridionalis to Iberian Gray Shrike since
it is monotypic in the TiF list.
[Laniidae, Corvida II, 2.69b]
The specific epithet of Luzon Sunbird has been corrected to Aethopyga jefferyi
[Nectariniidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.61b]
The csv files have been updated to version 2.86.
The genus name Nyctastes has been corrected to Nystactes (spotted by J. Penhallurick).
[Bucconidae, Piciformes, 2.66a]
Urantowka et al. (2013) found that the Blue-crowned Parakeet is sister to
Diopsittaca. I've placed it in the monotypic genus
Thectocercus (Ridgway 1912).
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.73]
I made some additional gender corrections thanks to Peter Kovalik.
- Limnocorax is masculine, affecting 6 species [Rallidae, 2.60a]
- Smithiglaux and Taenioglaux are feminine, affecting 5 species [Strigidae, 2.71b]
- nenday is invariable, thus the Nanday Parakeet is Aratinga nenday [Psittacidae, 2.72a]
- The Plumbeous Water-Redstart is Phoenicurus fuliginosus, not fuliginosa [Muscicapidae, 2.70a]
The Wallcreeper is family Tichodromidae, not Tichodromididae. It was
originally established as the subfamily Tichodromia by Swainson, 1827
(Swainson did not use modern subfamily endings).
[Tichodromidae, Certhioidea, 2.54b]
The accentors have been rearranged based on Drovetski et al. (2013).
[Prunellidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.59]
Five species have been removed from Streptopelia and
placed in Spilopelia (Laughing and Spotted Doves) and
Nesoenas (Malagasy Turtle-Dove, Pink Pigeon, and Rodrigues Pigeon).
Although the latter two are often placed in Nesoenas, the
Malagasy Turtle-Dove is usually in Streptopelia. This change is
based on Johnson et al. (2001), Cheke (2005) and Gonzalez et al.
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.66]
There is one genus spelling correction spotted by John Penhallurick:
Baikal Teal, Sibirionetta formosa
[Anatidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.61a].
Peter Kovalik has contributed a number of gender corrections:
- Analisoma and Edolisoma are neuter, affecting 10 species [Campephagidae, 2.70a]
- Spotted Thrush-Babbler becomes Illadopsis turdina [Pellorneidae, 2.69a]
- Red-collared Babbler becomes Turdoides rufocincta [Leiothrichidae, 2.69a]
- Apo Myna becomes Goodfellowia miranda [Sturnidae, 2.53a]
- Tristan Thrush becomes Turdus eremita [Turdidae, 2.70a]
- Thick-billed Flowerpecker becomes Pachyglossa agilis [Dicaeidae, 2.61a]
- Oahu Amakihi becomes Chlorodrepanis flava [Fringillidae, 2.63b]
The Mistletoe Tyrannulet, Zimmerius parvus, Specious Tyrannulet, Zimmerius improbus, (inc tamae), and Venezuelan Tyrannulet, Zimmerius petersi, are split from Paltry Tyrannulet, Zimmerius vilissimus. See Rheindt et al. (2013).
The English name of Elaenia olivina has been changed to Tepui Elaenia from Roraiman Elaenia to match the IOC list. The Chilean Elaenia, Elaenia chilensis, is treated as a distinct species based on Rheindt et al. (2008b, 2009a). Further, the Hispaniolan Elaenia, Elaenia cherriei, has been split from the Greater Antillean Elaenia, Elaenia fallax, based on genetics (see Rheindt et al., 2008b) and distinctive vocalizations. The restricted Greater Antillean Elaenia is then endemic to Jamaica (note that there's already a Jamaican Elaenia).
Based on Garrido et al. (2009), the Loggerhead Kingbird has been split into
three species: Western Loggerhead Kingbird, Tyrannus caudifasciatus,
Hispaniolan Kingbird, Tyrannus gabbii,
and Puerto Rican Kingbird, Tyrannus taylori.
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.62]
The Violet-crowned Woodnymph, Thalurania colombica, and
Green-crowned Woodnymph, Thalurania fannyi, have been merged
into Crowned Woodnymph, Thalurania colombica. See
SACC proposal #558.
Note that AOU's NACC has not acted on this yet.
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.65]
The Chestnut-capped Puffbird is placed in genus Cyphos (Spix 1824)
rather than Argicus (Cabanis and Heine 1863) because Cyphos
is not preoccupied by Cyphus under current ICZN rules.
[Bucconidae, Piciformes, 2.66]
There seems to be insufficient reason to consider Northern Parrotbill,
Paradoxornis polivanovi, as a separate species from Reed Parrotbill,
Paradoxornis heudei, so they are merged as Reed Parrotbill,
Paradoxornis heudei (see Penhallurick and Robson, 2009; Yeung et
[Paradoxornithidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.69]
I've added a link for Peter Kovalik's spreadsheet that compares 5 world lists: IOC 3.3, Clements 6.7, TiF 2.85, BirdLife 5, and IBC/HBW.
I've made some minor adjustments to the order in Arenariinae (Turnstones and Stints)
that brings it closer to the proposed AOU ordering.
[Scolopacidae, Charadriiformes, 2.66]
Prompted by a discussion with John Penhallurick, I've added a discussion
of why I don't use Zosterops rendovae for either the Solomons or
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.68a]
Based on Nylander et al. (2008), the Chinese Blackbird, Turdus
mandarinus, including the subspecies sowerbyi, but not
intermedius, has been split from the Eurasian Blackbird, Turdus
merula, and the Taiwan Thrush, Turdus niveiceps, has been split
from the Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus. I've also done some
rearrangement of the Olive Thrush complex.
[Turdidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.70]
The Hornbills (Bucerotidae) have been reordered based on the of Gonzalez et al. (2013),
which includes all hornbill species. The Black Dwarf-Hornbill, Tockus hartlaubi, moves
to the monotypic Horizocerus. The Sulawesi Hornbill, Penelopides
exarhatus, moves to Cranobrontes (Riley 1921). However, since
exarhatus is the type of Rhabdotorrhinus (Meyer and Wiglesworth 1898),
the whole genus now takes the name Rhabdotorrhinus. I have also followed
Hübner et al. (2003) and Gonzalez et al. in splitting Tockus into
the whistlers (Lophoceros) and cluckers (Tockus). Note the
genus name Lophoceros (Ehrenberg 1833) has priority over their suggested
Rhynchaceros (Gloger 1842).
[Bucerotidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.71]
Today's changes focus on the superfamily Malaconotiodea, which has been the subject of a recent paper by Fuchs et al. (2012b). I've changed the family order to follow Fuchs et al.
The Mottled Whistler (Rhagologus) has
move to Artamidae, as sister to the boatbills (with some uncertainty).
The genus Gymnorhina (Australian Magpie) has been merged with Cracticus
and Strepera has been reordered (see Kearns et al., 2013). The
Black Butcherbird has been split into New Guinea Black-Butcherbird,
Cracticus quoyi, and Australian Black-Butcherbird, Cracticus
spaldingi (see Kearns et al., 2011) while the Silver-backed and
Black-backed Butcherbirds (Cracticus argenteus and mentalis)
have been lumped with the Gray Butcherbird, Cracticus torquatus
(see Kearns et al, 2013).
[Artamidae, Corvida I, 2.70]
The order of genera in Malaconotidae has been updated using Fuchs et al. (2012b).
[Malaconotidae, Corvida I, 2.70]
Based on Fuchs et al. (2012b), the genus Dyaphorophyia has been
restored, but left some taxa in Platysteira. The new Dyaphorophyia
includes three wattle-eyes (tonsa, hormophora, castanea).
[Platysteiridae, Corvida I, 2.70]
In the Vangidae, I've placed the Philentomas in a separate subfamily, Philentominae
and reordered the species in Xenopirostris and Newtonia based on
Jønsson et al. (2012).
[Vangidae, Corvida I, 2.70]
Phabinae has been demoted to a tribe as the papers by Fulton et al. (2012) and Gibb and Penny (2010) have raised questions about whether the Pereira et al. (2007) topology is entirely correct. However, Pereira et al. seem to have the best dataset for examining the overall topology, and I continue to generally follow it.
I've used Moyle et al. (2013) to rearrange Phabini.
This includes returning Pampusanna to Gallicolumba
and separating the Crested Pigeon in the genus Ocyphaps.
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.64]
The order of the species in the Lesser Whitethroat complex has been slightly
adjusted based on Olsson et al. (2013). Along with this comes some reassignment of
subspecies to better reflect the genetics.
[Sylviidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.68]
Added the newly discovered Rinjani Scops-Owl, Otus jolandae, to the list.
See Sangster et al. (2013).
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.70]
Based on Hosner et al. (2013) Aethopyga has been rearranged and five additional species are recognized:
- Crimson Sunbird, Aethopyga siparaja, is split from Magnificent Sunbird, Aethopyga magnifica.
- Maroon-naped Sunbird, Aethopyga guimarasensis, is split from Flaming Sunbird, Aethopyga flagrans.
- Bohol Sunbird, Aethopyga decorosa, and Luzon Sunbird, Aethopyga jeffreyi, are split from Metallic-winged Sunbird, Aethopyga pulcherrima.
- Tboli Sunbird, Aethopyga tibolii, is split from Apo Sunbird, Aethopyga boltoni.
[Nectariniidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.61]
Three recently extinct species added to the IOC list in version 3.3 have been also added to the TiF list.
- Hawkins's Rail, Gallirallus hawkinsi. See Olson (1975), Cooper and Tennyson (2004), and Tennyson (2004). [Rallidae, Pelecanae I, 2.60]
- Bermuda Saw-whet Owl, Aegolius gradyi. See Olson (2012). [Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.69]
- Bermuda Towhee, Pipilo naufragus. See Olson and Wingate (2012). [Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.61]
The order within the tinamous has been changed to follow
Bertelli and Porzecanski (2004) more closely. Thanks to Keith Bennett for catching
[Tinamiformes, Paleognaths & Anseriformes, 2.61]
The csv files have been updated to version 2.85.
The scientific name of the Mascarene Coot is corrected to Fulica newtonii
(was F. newtoni).
[Rallidae, Pelecanae I, 2.59b]
The scientific name of the Hooded Dotterel is corrected to Thinornis cucullatus
(was T. rubricollis).
[Charadriidae, Charadriiformes, 2.65a]
Although the SACC is still deliberating, some progress has been made toward
replacing the temporary names for the various Schiffornis species.
Thus Schiffornis olivacea become Guianan Schiffornis (was Olivaceous Schiffornis)
and Schiffornis stenorhyncha becomes Russet-winged Schiffornis
(was Rufous-winged Schiffornis).
[Tityridae, Tyrannida I, 2.54a]
The following English names are changed to match IOC changes.
- The alternate name Eastern Curlew has been removed from Far Eastern Curlew, Numenius madagascariensis (Scolopacidae).
- Tarictic Hornbill, Penelopides panini, becomes Visayan Hornbill (Bucerotidae).
- Yodeling Honeyeater, Gymnomyza viridis, becomes Giant Honeyeater (Meliphagidae).
- Brown-throated Treecreeper, Certhia discolor, becomes Sikkim Treecreeper (Certhiidae).
The Hapalopsittaca tree is resolved and the position of
Graydidascalus and Alipiopsitta has been adjusted following
Quintero et al. (2013).
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.72]
In anticipation of some with the next edition of the IOC list, I've merged
Erythrina, Haematospiza, and Chaunoproctus into Carpodacus.
This means that all of the Carpodacini rosefinches are now in genus Carpodacus
(there are also two rosefinches in Pyrrhulini).
I've also merged Neospiza, Dendrospiza,
Pseudochloroptila, and Ochrospiza into Crithagra on the grounds
that they are weakly differentiated.
There is no change in the linear order.
[Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.63]
The genus Polyplectron has been rearranged based on Davison et al. (2012) and
Kimball et al. (2011).
[Phasianidae, Galliformes, 2.64]
I have finally decided how to incorporate Barker et al. (2013). This was complicated by the fact that, even though this is the most complete analysis of the nine-primaried oscines, it still leaves many unanswered questions. There is a lot of disagreement between the gene trees, likely due to rapid speciation. This means that much uncertainly still remains. The highlights follow.
Barker et al. recommended using several new families. I've adopted two of those, establishing Rhodinocichlidae for the Rosy Thrush-Tanager, Rhodinocichla rosea, and elevating and expanding Phaenicophilinae for the Palm-Tanagers and some other West Indian species. However, I've also declined to follow several other recommendations. Thus Nesospingus and Spindalis are included in Phaenicophilidae rather than getting their own families, the Yellow-breasted Chat, Icteria virens, is moved to Icteridae as a subfamily, rather than getting its own family, and both Zeledonia and Teretistris are left unclassified near Icteridae and Parulidae rather than getting their own families. Finally, the family I previously referred to as Lamprospinzidae now has an official name: Mitrospingidae.
Some reorganization of the families was then needed to fit all this in. The revised Emberizoidae look like this:
|TiF Emberizoidae Phylogeny|
Several other taxa have been shuffled around above the generic level:
- The Olive-green Tanager, Orthogonys chloricterus, has moved to Mitrospingidae from Thraupidae.
- The new tribe Incaspizini is formed from Incaspiza, Porphyrospiza, and Rhopospina, all formerly in Poospizini. Incaspizini is basal in the Thraupinae branch.
- The tribes in Dacninae have been reordered according to size (except Conirostrini and Diglossini) as I no longer think we have any solid information about their relationships, other than being in the same subfamily.
- The Coal-crested Finch, Charitospiza eucosma, gets its own tribe Charitispizini. It had been Incertae sedis in Thraupidae.
- The Blue-backed Tanager, Cyanicterus cyanicterus, and Scarlet-throated Tanager, Compsothraupis loricata have moved to Nemosiini. Both had been Incertae sedis in Thraupidae. As a result, the genus Compsothraupis is merged into Sericossypha.
- The Black-masked Finch, Coryphaspiza melanotis, moved to Emberizoidini. It had been Incertae sedis in Thraupidae.
- The Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak, Parkerthraustes humeralis, Brown Tanager, Orchesticus abeillei, and Plushcap, Catamblyrhynchus diadema are now in Hemithraupini. The grosbeak had been in Saltatorinae, the other two had been Incertae sedis in Thraupidae.
- Both Creurgops move to Tachyphonini from Poospizini.
Various other changes have been included, including a reordering of the blackbird tribes and subfamilies based on Price et al. (2010) and Barker et al. (2013). This version is a more sensible arrangement, with all the caciques and oropendolas grouped together again. Most of the other changes involve minor changes in order. Also, thanks go to Liam Hughes who sent me some corrections for subgeneric names in Emberiza. These have been incorporated in the current version.
These changes affect three files: