Archives of ‘What's New’ Items
The first changes based on Barker et al. (2013) affect the American Sparrows
(Passerellidae). They provide the first genetic data on the Tanager Finch,
Oreothraupis arremonops and the Zapata Sparrow, Torreornis
inexpectata. As expected, both belong in Passerellidae, but not where we thought.
The Tanager Finch is closely related to the Chlorospingus bush-tanagers
(rather than the Atlapetes brush-finches) while the Zapata Sparrow belongs
near the Kieneria brown towhees rather than the Amphispiza sparrows.
I've also adjusted the arrangement of the Passerellidae tribes, which changes their
order in the list.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.61]
Sunbird changes: Among other things, John Croxall pointed out that I'd separated some recognized sunbird subgroups when reorganizing the sunbirds. Indeed, I even found I had ignored my own notes in one case. To restore these groups, I make the following changes, with appropriate rearrangement.
- Neergaard's Sunbird becomes Anthobaphes neergaardi (was Chalcomitra)
- Bates's Sunbird becomes Deleornis batesi (was Cinnyris)
- Violet-breasted Sunbird becomes Chalcomitra chalcomelas (was Cinnyris)
- Pemba Sunbird becomes Chalcomitra pembae (was Cinnyris)
- Purple-banded Sunbird becomes Chalcomitra bifasciatus (was Cinnyris)
- Tsavo Sunbird becomes Chalcomitra tsavoensis (was Cinnyris)
I'm also moving the Purple Sunbird from Cyrtostomus to Arachnechthra
(Arachnechthra asiatica) it's not clear where it goes, and this seems the best
available solution. Also, the scientific name of Loten's Sunbird is corrected
[Nectariniidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.60]
I've corrected the ordering of Wedge-tailed Sabrewing, Campylopterus pampa, and
Curve-winged Sabrewing, Campylopterus curvipennis.
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.64]
Based on recent SACC changes, I added 6 genera to the Caprimulgidae (three of them had previously been merged into Hydropsalis). The changes are:
- Nyctipolus: Blackish Nightjar, Nyctidromus nigrescens, and Pygmy Nightjar, Hydropsalis hirundinaceus, move to Nyctipolus.
- Setopagis: Todd's Nightjar, Hydropsalis heterurus, Little Nightjar, Hydropsalis parvulus, Roraiman Nightjar, Hydropsalis whitelyi, and Cayenne Nightjar, Nyctidromus maculosus move to Setopagis.
- Systellura: Band-winged Nightjar, Hydropsalis longirostris moves to Systellura.
- Eleothreptus: Sickle-winged Nightjar, Hydropsalis anomalus and White-winged Nightjar, Hydropsalis candicans, move to Eleothreptus.
- Macropsalis: Long-trained Nightjar, Hydropsalis forcipata moves to Macropsalis.
- Uropsalis: Swallow-tailed Nightjar, Hydropsalis segmentata, and Lyre-tailed Nightjar, Hydropsalis lyra, move to Uropsalis.
The arrangement differs a bit from that of the SACC in order to better match
Han et al. (2010).
[Caprimulgidae, Strisores, 2.57]
The csv files have been updated to version 2.84.
I've removed the alternate English names for Nanday Parakeet, Aratinga nendaya
(Black-hooded Parakeet), and for Rosy-faced Lovebird, Agapornis roseicollis
(Peach faced Lovebird).
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.71a]
The Forpus parrotlets have been rearranged based on B.T. Smith et al. (2013).
I have not adjusted the species limits, although the Blue-winged Parrotlet,
Forpus xanthopterygius, may not be monophyletic.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.71]
Immaculate Antbird has been split into Western Immaculate-Antbird, "Myrmeciza3" zeledoni,
and Andean Immaculate-Antbird ("Myrmeciza3" immaculata). See Donegan (2012a).
The English names are subject to change.
[Thamnophilidae, Furnariida I, 2.61]
Some tanager genera have been adjusted to conform to the
SACC's recent decisions.
The genus Delothraupis (Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager) has
been merged into Dubusia.
The Hooded Mountain-Tanager has been returned to Buthraupis and
the Black-chested Mountain-Tanager and Golden-backed Mountain-Tanager are now
in genus Cnemathraupis.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.66]
Based on a recent SACC decision, the Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant and
Black-crested Tit-Tyrant are returned to Uromyias (from Anairetes).
This has no effect on the phylogeny.
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.61]
The Monte Yellow-Finch, Sicalis mendozae, has been split from Greenish Yellow-Finch,
Sicalis olivascens. See Areta et al. (2012) and the discussion of
SACC proposal 539.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.65]
The SACC has recently split
East Brazilian Chachalaca, Ortalis araucuan, and Scaled Chachalaca,
Ortalis squamata from Speckled Chachalaca, Ortalis
guttata. That split is also adopted here.
[Cracidae, Galliformes, 2.63]
I've finally decided to make do with what's available for the sunbirds. They have been reordered based on the tree in Jønsson and Fjeldså (2006a) — itself based on Bowie's unpublished Ph.D. dissertation (2003), together with Nyári et al. (2009b) and Moyle et. al, 2011). Loten's Sunbird doesn't have clear relatives and I doubt it belongs in Cinnyris, so I've moved it to the monotypic genus Arachnechthra (Cabanis 1851) and left it uncertaintly placed somewhere in Nectariniidae.
The reorganization meant subsuming Dreptes into Cinnyris and Drepanorhynchus into Cyanomitra. The four Asian and Australasian species formerly considered part of Cinnyris have been separated in their own genus, Cyrtostomus. and Anthodiaeta and Hedydipna have been separated.
The genus Cinnyris is now much reduced, as it has additionally
lost 12 species to Chalcomitra, 14 to Anthobaphes, and one to
Cyanomitra, gaining only one species from Chalcomitra.
The African members of Anthreptes have been dispersed to
Deleornis (3) and Hedydipna (7). Nectarinia lost 4 species
to Chalcomitra and gains two from Cyanomitra.
[Nectariniidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.59]
Based on Olsson et al. (2013), Heliolais and Urorhipis have been merged into
Prinia. The remaining genera have been rearranged some, although the major clades are
only slightly changed. Even most of the genera I previously gave a question mark to remain in
the same major clade. The clades are now distinguished as subfamilies, mostly following
the recommendations of Olsson et al. The exception is Micromacronus, which is
(weakly) associated with Eremomelinae in the TiF list, but left outside Eremomelinae
by Olsson et al.
[Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.67]
Olsson et al. (2013) also found that the Rufous-vented Prinia, Laticilla burnesii
does not belong in Prinia. It has been placed in Laticilla
(Blyth 1845, type burnesii) and moved to the family Pellorneidae.
The Swamp Prinia is thought to be a close relative, so it has become
Laticilla cinerascens. At present, we do not know which genus is
the closest relative of Laticilla, but it seems to be closer to
Pellorneum than to Graminicola.
[Pellorneidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.67]
The Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx lepidus, has been split into 15 species (see Andersen et al., 2013). Many of the English names are those used by Bird Life International, with hyphens added. The species recognized by BLI are marked with asterisks below. I've given similar names to the remaining taxa (i.e., based on the biggest island). BLI did not separate lepidus, uropygialis, and wallacii, and referred to the combined species as Moluccan Dwarf Kingfisher. BLI also did not separate pallidus and meeki. Perhaps a better English name can be found for meeki. There's also been a little minor rearrangement of the kingfishers, and removal of the hyphen in African Dwarf Kingfisher.
- *Dimorphic Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx margarethae
- Sula Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx wallacii
- *Buru Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx cajeli
- North Moluccan Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx uropygialis
- *Seram Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx lepidus
- *New Guinea Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx solitarius
- *New Ireland Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx mulcatus
- *Manus Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx dispar
- *New Georgia Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx collectoris
- *Guadalcanal Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx nigromaxilla
- *New Britain Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx sacerdotis
- Malaita Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx malaitae
- Bougainville Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx pallidus
- *North Solomons Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx meeki
- *Makira Dwarf-Kingfisher, Ceyx gentianus
[Alcedinidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.68]
Now that Bird Life International has joined IOC in splitting the Rainbow Lorikeet, Trichoglossus haematodus, into three species, I'm adopting that split. BLI based their split is based on the Tobias et al. (2010) criteria for allopatric species, which is a reasonable rule of thumb in the absence of conflicting evidence. However, as BLI has not yet released a detailed analysis, I will not generally adopt these splits. In this case, I make an exception because IOC had already adopted them. The three species are:
- Coconut Lorikeet, Trichoglossus haematodus
- Biak Lorikeet, Trichoglossus rosenbergii
- Rainbow Lorikeet, Trichoglossus moluccanus
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.70]
Due to the fact that Nemospiza is preoccupied, I have moved Henslow's Sparrow
to genus Centronyx, which also constains Baird's Sparrow.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.60]
I've added a couple of comments about McCormack et al. (2013), both about how it relates to the Metaves hypothesis, and the possible tie between the tropicbirds, sunbittern, and kagu. I have been thinking over the implications of this and other recent papers touching on ordinal relationships with Neoaves, but am not quite ready to make major changes.
I also have been amused by some of the reactions around the internet to the fact that
the paper was posted on arXiv. It's a reminder how different the culture is in
fields where preprints/working papers are rare, compared to what exists
in mathematics, economics, theoretical physics and other fields. These
fields have a traditional of widely circulating preprints — a
tradition dating back to the days of mimeograph. The
easy circulation of reports and data is part of why Tim Berners-Lee invented
the web back in 1991, and places such as arXiv and SSRN, which have been helping circulate papers for over
twenty years now, are part of the realization of his ideas.
[Metaves, Metaves I, 2.63a]
[Phaethontiformes, Metaves I, 2.63a]
There are a number of changes in Carpodacini (rosefinches).
- I've moved the recently rediscovered Sillem's Mountain-Finch from Leucosticte (Pyrrhulini) to Carpodacus based on a photo of what is believed to be the female. As Roselaar (1992) pointed out, if it has a distinctive female plumage, as it seems to, it would more likely related to Kozlowia (now part of Carpodacus) than to Leucosticte.
- The Taiwan Rosefinch, Carpodacus formosanus, has been split from Vinaceous Rosefinch, Carpodacus vinaceus, based on Wu et al. (2011).
- I've also made some minor adjustments to the ordering of species in Carpodacini.
- The alternate English name of Pink-rumped Rosefinch has been added to Stresemann's Rosefinch, Carpodacus eos, and the alternate name Pale Rosefinch has been added to Sinai Rosefinch, Carpodacus synoicus, on the grounds that much of its range is nowhere near the Sinai Peninsula.
[Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.62]
The csv files have been updated to version 2.83.
After adding Jackson et al. (2012) to the various papers that cover the various small groups in Laridae, I've decided to treat all five groups (white terns, skimmers, noddies, terns, gulls) as subfamilies in order to recognize the uncertainty that currently exists about how these deep branches are related.
I've also made some changes in the Larinae to incorporate Sternkopf (2011).
Although taxon sampling is not quite as complete as in Pons et al. (2005),
Sternkopf uses both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA.
[Laridae, Charadriiformes, 2.64]
Poospizini has been rearranged based on Schultz and Burns (2013). Urothraupis is now placed in Poospizini. The genera Poospiza and Hemispingus have been broken into multiple pieces. Several genera have been revived: Pseudospingus (from Hemispingus), Sphenopsis (from Hemispingus), Poospizopsis (from Poospiza), Microspingus (from Hemispingus and Poospiza). I've also labeled one species, the Bay-chested Warbling-Finch, as "Poospiza". Compsospiza has been merged into Poospiza. Thlypopsis, the monotypic Pyrrhocoma, and the Superciliaried Hemispingus (the type species for Hemispingus) have been merged into a single genus. The type species of all three genera are included, and none seem to have acquired any priority over the others in the years since they were established by Cabanis in the same publication. Until a first reviser action is taken, I'm going with Thlypopsis as most of the taxa involved have historically been considered Thlypopsis.
Also, in Coerebini (Tholospiza), I've made some gender corrections in
Loxigilla (obscura, fuliginosa, and canora) because
Loxigilla is feminine.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.64]
The order within Thamnophilus has been adjusted to better match
Brumfield and Edwards (2007).
[Thamnophilidae, Furnariida I, 2.60]
Some English names have been changed to match IOC. The following are affected:
- Nullarbor Quail-thrush, Cinclosoma alisteri, was Nullabor Quail-Thrush.
(Psophodidae) [Monarchidae, Corvida I, 2.69b]
- Ifrit / Blue-capped Ifrit, Ifrita kowaldi, was Infrit / Blue-capped Ifrita.
[Monarchidae, Corvida II, 2.69a]
- Trilling Tailorbird, Orthotomus chloronotus, was Green-backed Tailorbird.
[Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.66a]
- Black-masked White-eye / Mindanao White-eye, Heleia goodfellowi, was Black-masked White-eye.
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.66a]
- Cream-browed White-eye, Heleia superciliaris, was Yellow-browed White-eye.
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.66a]
The scientific name of Mascarene Sheldgoose has been corrected to
Alopochen mauritiana, from mauritianus, as Alopochen
[Anatidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.60a]
I've added 34 of the extinct species from the IOC list to the TiF list. This leaves only 3 extinct species on the IOC list that are not on the TiF list. Two involve splits not accepted by AOU: Jamaican Petrel and Laysan Honeycreeper. The other is based entirely on a bone fragment, the St. Helena Cuckoo. There are also two extinct TiF species not included on the IOC list: Amaui and Aguiguan Reed-Warbler.
Three of the new species are ducks:
- Mascarene Sheldgoose, Alopochen mauritianus
- Amsterdam Wigeon, Anas marecula
- Mascarene Teal, Anas theodori
I also removed the extinct Finsch's Duck, Chenonetta finschi, on the grounds
that it is thought to have become extinct before 1500, the cut-off for the TiF list.
[Anatidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.60]
These also include three extinct species in the Columbidae:
- Rodrigues Pigeon, Streptopelia rodericana (was Nesoenas),
- Norfolk Ground-Dove, Alopecoenas norfolciensis (was Gallicolumba),
- Spotted Green Pigeon, Caloenas maculata (not clear it belongs in Caloenas, but I don't have a better option).
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.63]
Then there are nine extinct Rallidae:
- Reunion Rail, Dryolimnas augusti
- Red Rail, Aphanapteryx bonasia
- Rodrigues Rail, Erythromachus leguati
- Ascension Crake, Mundia elpenor
- St. Helena Rail, Aphanocrex podarces
- St. Helena Crake, Limnocorax astrictocarpus (was Porzana)
- Tahiti Crake, Limnocorax nigra (was Porzana)
- Mohoau, Porphyrio mantelli
- Mascarene Coot, Fulica newtoni
[Rallidae, Pelecanae I, 2.59]
There are two extinct petrels:
- Olson's Petrel, Bulweria bifax
- St. Helena Petrel, Pseudobulweria rupinarum
[Procellariidae, Pelecanae II, 2.68]
There are five extinct night-herons added:
- Bermuda Night-Heron, Nyctanassa carcinocatactes
- Ascension Night-Heron, Nycticorax olsoni
- Reunion Night-Heron, Nycticorax duboisi
- Mauritius Night-Heron, Nycticorax mauritianus
- Rodrigues Night-Heron, Nycticorax megacephalus
[Rallidae, Pelecanae II, 2.68]
There is the extinct North Island Snipe, Coenocorypha barrierensis.
[Scolopacidae, Charadriiformes, 2.62]
There are three extinct owls from the Mascarenes. All have been placed in the genus Mascarenotus, which is thought to be closely related to Otus, or may even be embedded in it.
- Reunion Owl, Mascarenotus grucheti
- Mauritius Owl, Mascarenotus sauzieri
- Rodrigues Owl, Mascarenotus murivorus
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.67]
And the extinct St. Helena Hoopoe, Upupa antaios.
[Upupidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.67]
There's one extinct falcon to add, the Reunion Kestrel, Falco duboisi.
[Falconidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.69]
Five of the additional extinct birds are parrots:
- Lord Howe Parakeet, Cyanoramphus subflavescens
- Macquarie Parakeet, Cyanoramphus erythrotis
- Mascarene Grey Parakeet, Psittacula bensoni
- Broad-billed Parrot, Lophopsittacus mauritianus
- Rodrigues Parrot, Necropsittacus rodericanus
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.69]
Finally, there is one extinct starling to add, the Rodrigues Starling,
Necropsar rodericanus. It is believed to be the sister species to
the Hoopoe Starling.
[Sturnidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.53]
Besides the extinct taxa, there is a correction to the gender of
Myrmopagis. It appears to be feminine, so two species names have
been corrected accordingly: Band-tailed Antwren is now Myrmopagis
urosticta (not urosticus) and Ashy Antwren / Yungas Antwren
becomes Myrmopagis grisea (not griseus).
[Thamnophilidae, Furnariida I, 2.59a]
Peristerinae (Reichenbach, 1850) replaces Claravinae as the subfamily name
for the American Ground-Doves. Although Richmond had proposed using Claravinae
to reflect the change in genus name (from Peristera to Claravis) and
this occurred well before 1961, the name Peristerinae continued to get some use
while Claravinae did not. This means that Claravinae cannot supersede Peristerinae.
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.62c]
Kennedy et al. (2013) have recently completed a study of all 8 Pelicans. Amoung other
things, they found that they divide into Old World and New World clades.
The pelicans have been rearranged accordingly.
[Pelecanidae, Pelecanae II, 2.67]
The Star-throated Antwren, Myrmotherula gularis, has been moved to the monotypic genus Rhopias (Cabanis and Heine 1860) as recommended by Belmonte-Lopes et al. (2012). This is connected with some rearrangement of Thamnophilini. The resulting topology is close to that of Belmonte-Lopes et al. and of Irestedt et al. (2004b), which between them use 8 different genes.
I've also restricted my use of Myrmotherula to the streaked species. The gray Myrmotherula are moved to Myrmopagis (Ridgway 1909). This may not be a monophyletic group, but most of them seem to be closely related to Formicivora. It's likely that the Leaden Antwren does not belong with them either (see Hackett and Rosenberg, 1990), but is placed there for lack of a better place to put it.
Myrmeciza has been rearranged a bit to take Chaves et al. (2010) into account,
and I've found the name Myrmelastes hyperythrus (Sclater 1858) for the
Plumbeous Antbird, which I was temporarily calling "Myrmeciza2" hyperythra.
[Thamnophilidae, Furnariida I, 2.59]
I've added the recently described Pincoya Storm-Petrel, Oceanites pincoyae,
(Harrison et al., 2013).
[Oceanitidae, Pelecanae II, 2.66]
One advantage of keeping this list on the web is that knowledgeable people
sometimes spot errors. There are some more changes to the accipiters to
take into account
L. Raty's comments on BirdForum.
Three scientific names are corrected:
Tachyspiza castanilia becomes T. castanilius;
Tachyspiza erythropa becomes T. erythropus;
Tachyspiza henicogrammus becomes T. henicogramma.
Also, two species have been moved from Accipiter to Lophospiza and
Lophospiza itself has placed incertae sedis just before the
Accipitrinae. The two species in question are the Crested Goshawk, Lophospiza trivirgata,
and Sulawesi Goshawk, Lophospiza griseiceps. I left poliogaster in
Accipiter based on Kocum (2006), although support for it is not strong.
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.58]
The extinct Aguiguan Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus nijoi, has been split from the
Nightingale Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus luscinius, as recommended by
Saitoh et al. (2013). They also suggest some changes to the English names
that I'm not adopting at this time.
[Acrocephalidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.66]
Based on Carneiro et al. (2012), three species have been split from Spotted Antpitta, Hylopezus macularius:
- Zimmer's Antpitta, Hylopezus dilutus
- Alta Floresta Antpitta, Hylopezus whittakeri
- Snethlage's Antpitta, Hylopezus paraensis
The subspecies names differ a bit from Krabbe and Schulenberg (2003).
Besides the newly created whittakeri, Carneiro et al. resurrect
the name dilutus, previously considered a junior synonym of
paraensis. They also submerged diversus into dilutus.
[Grallariidae, Furnariida II, 2.67]
The genus Accipiter has been divided into 4 pieces. The Tiny Hawk (and presumably Semicollared Hawk) do not seem closely related to the accipiters (Olson, 2006; Kocum 2006) and are placed in the genus Hieraspiza. They don't seem closely related to any other hawks, and are given subfamily status as Hieraspizinae.
A combination of Wink and Sauer-Gürth (2004), Kocum (2006), and Berman et al. (2013)
have allowed a comprehensive reoranization of the accipiter family Accipitridae.
After removing Hieraspiza, the accipiters belong in a clade with
the Circus harriers. My options were to lump Circus into
Accipiter or divide Accipiter into three parts. I've
chosen to take the latter course. The Cooper's Hawk, Northern Goshawk,
and closely related taxa are the closest relatives of the harriers.
They go in genus Astur. These are sister to a clade that
includes the Eurasian Sparrowhawk and the Sharp-shinned Hawk complex.
It retains the name Accipiter. Finally, the other accipiters
form a clade sister to Accipiter, Astur, and
Circus. The oldest available name seems to be Tachyspiza.
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.57]
The topology of the Paleognaths has been altered slightly due to
Haddrath and Baker (2012). This didn't affect the linear order.
However, I've also reversed the order of Casuariiformes and Apterygiformes, and reversed
the order of families within Casuariiformes so that Dromaiidae is first.
This insures that the smaller group is first in both cases, should have been done
when the Kangaroo Island Emu was removed from the list. These changes do affect the linear
[Casuariiformes and Apterygiformes, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.59]
In view of the Kirchman (2012) and the genetic analysis posted by Raty in
this BirdForum thread,
six species of Gallirallus have been moved to Lewinia and
Crex has been moved before them in the linear order.
[Rallidae, Pelecanae I, 2.58]
The arrangement of subfamilies, tribes, and subtribes used by
Maurício et al. (2012) do not match the phylogeny used here
(nor that of Moyle et al., 2009; nor Ericson et al., 2010).
I consider that an artifact of their morphological analysis.
[Rhinocryptidae, Furnariida II, 2.66a]
Cory's Shearwater, Calonectris diomedea, has been split into
Cory's Shearwater, Calonectris borealis and
Scopoli's Shearwater, Calonectris diomedea. Sangster et al. (2012) lays out the
evidence that they are separate biological species. One key point is that the breeding
range overlaps with only a minor amount of hybridization. Recent genetic evidence may
be found in Gómez-Díaz et al. (2006, 2009).
[Procellariidae, Pelecanae II, 2.65]
I've rearranged the Francolinus based on Forcina et al. (2012), as well as
changing the arrangment of the rest of Gallinae so that Galloperdix is closer
[Phasianidae, Galliformes, 2.62]
Following an IOC decision, the race aeruginosus is transferred from
Rusty-breasted Cuckoo, Cacomantis sepulcralis, to Moluccan Cuckoo.
As aeruginosus (Salvadori, 1878) has priority over heinrichi
(Stresemann, 1931), the Moluccan Cuckoo becomes Cacomantis aeruginosus.
[Cuculidae, Pelecanae I, 2.57]
The csv files have been updated to version 2.82.
The 7-gene analysis of Sylvioidea by Fregin et al. (2012) has now been incorporated into the TiF Checklist. Paroidea (Paruidae, Remizidae, and Stenostiridae) has been separated from Sylvioidea. The family order within Sylvioidea has been changed. As a result, the Nicatoridae and Hirundinidae have been moved. The Sylvioidea tree has seen some additional changes that don't affect the linear order, and the text has been altered accordingly. Also, I noticed that the position of the Plain Leaf-Warbler, Phylloscopus neglectus, did not match the Phylloscopidae tree. That has been corrected. The two new families suggested by Fregin et al. (2012), Scotocercidae and Erythrocercidae, have not been adopted at this time.
Four species are added to the Rhipiduridae (Fantails) based on Sánchez-González and Moyle (2011).
- Pied Fantail, Rhipidura javanica is split into Malaysian Pied-Fantail, Rhipidura javanica, and Philippine Pied-Fantail, Rhipidura nigritorquis.
- Blue Fantail, Rhipidura superciliaris, is split into Visayan Blue-Fantail, Rhipidura samarensis, and Mindanao Blue-Fantail, Rhipidura superciliaris.
- Tablas Fantail, Rhipidura sauli, and Visayan Fantail, Rhipidura albiventris, are split from Blue-headed Fantail, Rhipidura cyaniceps.
[Rhipiduridae, Corvida II, 2.69]
The Bahia Spinetail, Synallaxis whitneyi, has been merged into
the Rufous-capped Spinetail, Synallaxis ruficapilla (Stopiglia et al., 2013).
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.66]
Rasmussen et al. (2012) re-examined the Philippine Hawk-Owl complex. Their fieldwork turned up two new species in the complex. They argue that the complex consists of 7 species, and I follow their recommendations. This means that Philippine Hawk-Owl is replaced by:
- Luzon Hawk-Owl, Ninox philippensis (including proxima, the doubtful taxon ticaoensis, and centralis
- Mindanao Hawk-Owl, Ninox spilocephala
- Mindoro Hawk-Owl, Ninox mindorensis
- Romblon Hawk-Owl, Ninox spilonota (including fisheri)
- Cebu Hawk-Owl, Ninox rumseyi
- Camiguin Hawk-Owl, Ninox leventisi
- Sulu Hawk-Owl, Ninox reyi
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.65]
All but one member of Psephotus has been moved to Psephotellus, and
closely related species have been rearranged slightly.
See Schweizer et al. (2013) and Joseph et al. (2011).
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.68]
Following Isler et al. (2012), the Long-tailed Antbird, Drymophila caudata,
has been split into Klages's Antbird, Drymophila klagesi (including aristeguietana),
Streak-headed Antbird, Drymophila striaticeps
(including occidentalis, peruviana, and boliviana),
Santa Marta Antbird, Drymophila hellmayri (monotypic),
and Long-tailed Antbird, Drymophila caudata (monotypic).
[Thamnophilidae, Furnariida I, 2.58]
The correct scientific name of the Asian Brown Flycatcher appears to be
Muscicapa latirostris not Muscicapa dauurica
(Mlíkovský, 2012). Further, the
Brown-streaked Flycatcher, Muscicapa williamsoni
(including umbrosa), has been
split from the Asian Brown Flycatcher (Rheindt and Eaton, 2012).
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.69]
Moltesen et al. (2012) have suggested several splits in the fairy bluebirds and leafbirds. I've adopted one of the more compelling splits, where they found that one of the subspecies was more closely related to an entirely different species. As a result, I've separated the “Yellow-bordered” Leafbird, Chloropsis septentrionalis from the Lesser Green-Leafbird, Chloropsis cyanopogon. There didn't seem to be a historical English name for it, so I've made up one based on a distinguishing characteristic, the yellow border around the mask on the males, as noted by Moltesen et al.
The order of the leafbirds has also been adjusted, and I've also made a minor adjustment to
the branching order in Passeroidea (flowerpeckers/sunbirds more basal than fairy-bluebirds/leafbirds),
which does not affect the linear order.
[Chloropseidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.58]
Since there's not really much uncertainty about their placement, and they
represent a relatively deep division in Corvoidea, the two Melampitta species
are placed in their own family near the Australian mudnesters
(Corcoracidae) and the birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae).
[Melampittidae, Corvida II, 2.68]
There are some changes to the paradise-flycatchers based on Fabre et al. (2012). This results in a net addition of 4 species (5 split, 1 lumped).
- The Pale-blue Monarch, Hypothymis puella is split from Black-naped Monarch, Hypothymis azurea. The English name is that used by Clements. The IOC list also includes it under that name as a possible split.
- The Asian Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone paradisi has been split into 4 species: East Asian Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone incei, Southeast Asian Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone affinis, South Asian Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone paradisi, and Lesser Sunda Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone floris.
- The Luzon Paradise-flycatcher, Terpsiphone unirufa, has been split from Rufous Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone cinnamomea.
- The Rufous-vented Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone rufocinerea, has been merged into African Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone viridis. There may be more than one species here, but this is the wrong split.
I also added subfamilies to the Monarchidae.
[Monarchidae, Corvida II, 2.68]
To conform with the IOC list, I've separated Promeropidae into Modulatricidae and
[Modulatricidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.57]
The Fire-capped Tit (Cephalopyrus) has been transferred
from Remizidae to Paridae (see Tietze and Borthakur, 2012). White-fronted Tit,
now Poecile semilarvatus has been transferred from Parus because it
and Varied Tit, Poecile varius have often been considered the
genus Sittiparus. There has also been some reordered of
Paridae based on Dai et el. (2010), Illera et al. (2011), and
Tietze and Borthakur (2012). A species tree has been added
to the Paridae account.
[Remizidae and Paridae, Sylvioidea I, 2.64]
J.V. Smith et al. (2013), Johnston (2011), and Chojnowski et al. (2008) have been
taken into account in the discussion of the Paleognaths. This doesn't affect the
phylogeny, but I have added the extinct Lithornithidae to a supplementary tree.
[Paleognaths, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.58c]
Two species have had gender corrections:
Seaside Sparrow, Ammospiza maritima, and
Saltmarsh Sparrow, Ammospiza caudacuta.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.59a]
Several English and scientific names have been changed to match planned changes for version 3.2 of the IOC list.
- The scientific name of Lappet-faced Vulture is corrected to Torgos tracheliotos
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.56a]
- The alternate English names using Ibon for the Heleia white-eyes have
been removed. The English name for Heleia javanica is now Mees's White-eye
instead of Javan Gray-throated White-eye/Gray-throated Ibon. This leaves the unrelated
Cinnamon Ibon as the only Ibon.
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.65a]
- The English name of Acridotheres javanicus changes to Javan Myna
(was White-vented Myna).
[Zosteropidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.52a]
- The controversial Jackson's Pipit, Anthus latistriatus, is now treated as a subspecies of African Pipit, Anthus cinnamomeus. [Zosteropidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.61]
I've made a slight adjustment to the Carduelini tree to better match Zuccon et al. (2012).
I've also taken note of Stervander's MSc. thesis on the finches in the Gulf of Guinea.
None of this affects the linear order.
[Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.60]
Oliveros et al. (2012) were recently able to place 4 genera that were previously regarded as babblers (listed as “Somewhere in Passerida” on recent TiF lists).
- Two of these genera belong with the grassbirds: Robsonius and Malia.
[Locustellidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.63]
Also on the same web page, the scientific name of the Manchurian Reed-Warbler has been corrected to Notiocichla tangorum.
[Acrocephalidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.63]
- One of the troublesome genera, Micromacronus, belongs with the cisticolas.
The arrangement of the cisticolas has also been adjusted based on Nguembock et al. (2012).
Further, the scientific name of Dorst's Cisticola is changed to Cisticola guinea, which has priority over C. dorsti.
[Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.69]
- The last of these wayward genera, Leonardina, is not even in Sylviodea.
This is rather astonishing as it has often not been considered a
separate genus, but has been subsumed in the (true) babbler genus
Napothera. In fact, Leonardina belongs with the Old World
Chat/Flycatcher family, Muscicapidae, close to the Vauriella jungle-flycatchers
(formerly part of Rhinomyias).
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.68]
Cibois et al. (2012) found that Aechmorhynchus and
Prosobonia are very closely related, enough so to merge
Aechmorhynchus into Prosobonia. They also found that the
expanded Prosobonia belongs in the Arenariini, possibly close to the
[Scolopacidae, Charadriiformes, 2.62]
I've made a slight alteration to the tree for the Charadriiformes based on
Baker et al. (2012). I've retained the Pluvialidae as a separate family, as I
am not all that impressed by their evidence. However, it does call the previous
arrangement into question, and I've adjusted the tree slightly to reflect this.
The linear order remains unchanged. See the discussion under
the Golden-Plover family (Pluvialidae) for more.
[Pluvialidae, Charadriiformes, 2.61]
Based on Bravo et al. (2012b), 4 species of Terenura move to Euchrepomis.
The subfamily name Terenurinae is replaced by Euchrepomidinae, and the remaining
two Terenura are placed near Myrmotherula.
[Thamnophilidae, Furnariida I, 2.57]
The are a number of changes due to the recently published 53rd Supplement to the AOU checklist.
- Common Peafowl / Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus, becomes Indian Peafowl
[Phasianidae, Galliformes, 2.61]
- The genus Stellula (Calliope Hummingbird) has been merged into Selasphorus, with
some rearrangement of Selasphorus to accomodate this (also see McGuire et al., 2009).
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.63]
- Elliot's Storm-Petrel / White-vented Storm-Petrel, Oceanites gracilis,
becomes Elliot's Storm-Petrel.
[Oceanitidae, Pelecanae II, 2.64]
- The English name of Xantus's Murrelet, Synthliboramphus hypoleucus, has been changed
to Guadalupe Murrelet.
[Alcidae, Charadriiformes, 2.60]
- Gray Frog-Hawk / Chinese Sparrowhawk, Accipiter soloensis, becomes Chinese Sparrowhawk.
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.56]
- Common Canary / Atlantic Canary, Serinus canaria, becomes Island Canary / Atlantic Canary [Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.59]
- Gray-striped Brush-Finch, Arremon costaricensis, becomes Costa Rican Brush-Finch.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.59]
Based on Collar (2011), Spot-throated Flameback, Dinopium everetti, has been split
from Common Flameback, Dinopium javanense.
[Picidae, Piciformes, 2.65]
The Orthotomus tailorbirds have been rearranged based on Sheldon
et al. (2012), and the Green-backed Tailorbird, Orthotomus
chloronotus, has been split from Philippine Tailorbird, Orthotomus
castaneiceps as also advocated by Collar (2011).
[Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.68]
On a recent birding tour in Peru, I was able to photograph the undescribed
“Ancash” Canastero near Yungay.
It is probably closely related to the Creamy-breasted Canastero,
Asthenes dorbignyi. I understand that work is in progress on a formal
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.65c]
The newly discovered Antioquia Wren, Thryophilus sernai, has been added
to the list (Lara et al., 2012).
[Troglodytidae, Certhioidea, 2.54]
I have adjusted the order of the Anairetes tit-tyrants based on
DuBay and Witt (2012).
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.60]
After posting a “first-draft” yesterday for the genus
Corvus, and wishing for a multi-gene analysis, I wake up to find a
preliminary pdf of a new paper by Jønsson et al. (2012c) providing
exactly that — a mostly well-supported multi-gene phylogeny of
Corvus. The crows and ravens have been rearranged accordingly.
[Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.67]
Travel is making updates less frequent this summer as my life list gets longer.
The crows and ravens (Corvus) have been rearranged based on Haring et al. (2012).
[Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.66]
The “Persian Mourning Wheatear”, Oenanthe persica, is split from Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens, based on Förschler et al. (2010a, 2010b). See also Aliabadian et al. (2012).
I have also made some changes to the arrangement of the chats and wheatears
based on Aliabadian et al. (2012). This includes merging Pentholaea
(White-fronted Black Chat) into Oenanthe. Interestingly, no
nodes that werel previously well-supported were affected by this.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.67]
The csv files have been updated to version 2.81.
There are several changes to the parrots:
- Although some papers had suggested grouping the vasa parrots and Pesquet's Parrot, I have been reluctant to do so as some analyses (particularly Wright et al., 2008) separate them. The recent paper by Schirtzinger et al. (2012), using most of the same genes as Wright et al. does group them, and I now think the balance of the evidence is that they probably each other's closest, but distant, relatives. Also, as might be expected, they appear to be closer to the Psittaculinae than to the Arinae.
- The parrot genus Psilopsiagon was included in recent analysis by Schirtzinger et al. (2012). As a result, its position has been slightly adjusted.
- There are two corrections to family-group names in the parrots: Agapornini is corrected to Agapornithini. Psittrichadinae is replaced by Psittrichasinae. According to Joseph et al. (2012), Psittrichasinae is the original spelling.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.67]
The following English names have been changed to match the IOC list, version 3.1
- Diederick Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx caprius, not Diederik Cuckoo ( (Cuculidae)
- White Swamphen / Lord Howe Swamphen, Porphyrio albus, not White Gallinule (Rallidae)
- Moorea Sandpiper, Prosobonia ellisi, not Moorean Sandpiper (Scolopacidae)
- Ua Pou Monarch, Pomarea mira, not Huapu Monarch (Monarchidae)
- Mauke Starling, Aplonis mavornata, not Mysterious Starling (Sturnidae)
- Hoopoe Starling, Fregilupus varius, not Reunion Starling (Sturnidae)
The position of the Australian Magpie, Gymnorhina tibicen, has been
corrected (Moyle et al., 2006b; Fuchs et al. (2012).
[Artamidae, Corvida I, 2.69]
I continue to puzzle over the white-eyes. Although there is no new information,
I've refined the arrangement of the basal white-eyes in a way that seems to fit
a bit better with existing studies. This involves returning
“Yuhina2” to Yuhina and removing the striped-babbler
from Zosterornis as “Zosterornis”.
Also, following IOC 3.1, the English name of Zosterops vellalavella
becomes Vella Lavella White-eye (was Belted White-eye) and
the English name of the extinct Zosterops semiflavus is
becomes Marianne White-eye (was Seychelles Yellow White-eye).
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.64]
Following a recent SACC decision to use the same English name as the NACC,
the Pale-throated Tapaculo / Tacarcuna Tapaculo, Scytalopus panamensis,
becomes Tacarcuna Tapaculo.
[Rhinocryptidae, Furnariida II, 2.65b]
The Thrush-like Schiffornis, Schiffornis turdina, has been split into five species:
- Olivaceous Schiffornis, Schiffornis olivacea
- Northern Schiffornis, Schiffornis veraepacis
- Foothills Schiffornis, Schiffornis aenea
- Rufous-winged Schiffornis, Schiffornis stenorhyncha
- Brown-winged Schiffornis, Schiffornis turdina
Njabo et al. (2008) found that the West African Wattle-eye,
Platysteira hormophora, formerly considered a subspecies of Chestnut
Wattle-eye, Platysteira castanea, is only distantly related to it.
They have been split.
[Platysteiridae, Corvida I, 2.68]
I've rather reluctantly merged Dendroica and Parula into
Setophaga to increase compatibility with the AOU checklist. I've also
merged Black-fronted Warbler into Audubon's Warbler, Setophaga auduboni.
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.59]
I've split Scripps's Murrelet, Synthliboramphus scrippsi, from
Xantus's Murrelet, Synthliboramphus hypoleucus, based on Birt et al. (2012).
I also made some adjustments to the linear order, which is now includes an
explicit presumed phylogeny, mostly based on Pereira and Baker (2008).
[Alcidae, Charadriiformes, 2.59]
There are a few changes in the woodcreepers.
Based on Weir and Price (2011) and Derryberry et al. (2012),
I've split Plain-winged Woodcreeper, Dendrocincla turdina, from
Plain-brown Woodcreeper, Dendrocincla fuliginosa.
Derryberry et al. (2012) also provide some support for Silva and Oren's (1995) treatment
of Hylexetastes as four species. Accordingly,
I've split Brigida's Woodcreeper, Hylexetastes brigidai, and
Uniform Woodcreeper, Hylexetastes uniformis,
from Red-billed Woodcreeper, Hylexetastes perrotii.
Finally, I moved Glyphorynchus so that is in a trichotomy with the two main
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.65]
Following an SACC decision, the Rockhopper Penguins have new primary names. They are now listed as
- Rockhopper Penguin / Southern Rockhopper Penguin, Eudyptes chrysocome
- Tristan Penguin / Northern Rockhopper Penguin, Eudyptes moseleyi
[Spheniscidae, Pelecanae II, 2.63a]
The monotypic genus Dromolaea has been subsumbed in Myrmecocichla
(see Voelker et al., 2012), and Myrmecocichla has been rearranged a bit.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.66]
The scientific name of the Golden-bellied Warbler is corrected to Myiothlypis chrysogaster
from chrysogastra. It was originally named Setophaga chrysogaster by Tschudi
in 1844. Since Setophaga is feminine, chrysogaster is invariable rather than
taking the feminine form chrysogastra.
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.58b]
The Vietnamese Pheasant, Lophura hatinhensis, has been merged into
Edwards's Pheasant, Lophura edwardsi. It appears to be either a subspecies
or color morph. In any event, it is not genetically distinct (Hennache et al., 2003).
Also, Lophura has been rearranged based on Randi et al., 2001.
[Phasianidae, Galliformes, 2.60]
The recently discovered Sira Barbet, Capito fitzpatricki, has
been added to the list (Seeholzer et al., 2012). The arrangement of
Capito barbets is now based on Armenta et al. (2005).
[Capitonidae, Piciformes, 2.64]
The analysis of Hosner and Moyle (2012) supports splitting
Sao Francisco Black-Tyrant, Knipolegus franciscanus, from
White-winged Black-Tyrant, Knipolegus aterrimus, and also Plumbeous Tyrant,
Knipolegus cabanisi, from Andean Tyrant / Andean Black-Tyrant, Knipolegus signatus.
The Knipolegus black-tyrants have been rearranged as a result, and
Eumyiobius has been merged in Knipolegus. Also, Muscigralla has been
moved into a trichotomy with Fluvicolinae and Tyranninae.
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.59]
The csv files have been updated to version 2.80.
The scientific name of the Gray-breasted Babbler has been corrected to
Malacopteron albogulare (not albogularis).
[Pellorneidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.63a]
Falconinae has been reordered to better match available data.
[Falconidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.66]
The caracaras have been rearranged a bit using
Fuchs et al. (2012), and I added a species-level tree for Falconidae.
Note that the Chimango Caracara is now in Phalcoboenus. It would not be unreasonable
to merge Ibycter, Milvago, and Phalcoboenus into Daptrius.
[Falconidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.65]
The order of the Myiarchus has been adjusted slightly based on
Sari and Parker (2012).
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.58]
I've made adjustments to Gerygone to better conform with the results of
Nyári and Joseph (2012).
[Pardalotidae, Basal Oscines, 2.64]
Correcting messed-up corrections:
- Following IOC 2.11, the English name of the
Dendrocopos analis, is now Freckle-breasted Woodpecker.
[Picidae, Piciformes, 2.63a]
- Red-throated Lorikeet is Charmosyna aureicincta, not amabilis
and Moluccan Hanging-Parrot is Loriculus amabilis, not aureicincta.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.64a]
There are a number of changes in the babbler clade (Sylviidae through Leiothrichidae), mostly based on Moyle et al. (2012).
- Sylviidae have been rearranged based on Moyle et al. (2012).
[Sylviidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.63]
- The Parrotbills get their family back (Paradoxornithidae), although they've been joined
by Fulvetta and a few other species.
[Paradoxornithidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.63]
- The white-eye genera Tephrozosterops, Madanga, Lophozosterops,
Oculocincta, and Apoia (earlier split from Lophozosterops) have
been merged with Heleia, as suggested by Mayr (1965).
“Zosterops” wallacei also joins the group.
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.63]
- Micromacronus, Leonardina, and Robsonius have joined Malia
as Passerida Incertae Sedis.
[Incertae Sedis, Sylvioidea III, 2.63]
- Besides some rearrangement, Chestnut-winged Babbler (formerly Stachyris erythroptera)
moves to Stachyridopsis, which changes the genus name to Cyanoderma.
Four species are split from Macronus as Mixornis. The new genus name
Megapomatorhinus (Moyle et al., 2012) replaces the unavailable Erythrogenys.
Finally, Micromacronus is removed from Timaliidae as it is not a babbler.
[Timaliidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.63]
- Pellorneidae also gets rearranged, losing Alcippe to Leiothrichidae and
both Leonardina and Robsonius to Incertae Sedis. Whatever they are, they
aren't in the babbler clade. Ophrydornis is merged into Malacopteron.
Trichastoma and a couple of Malacocincla species move into Pellorneum.
Two of the Napothera move to Gypsophila, and Illadopsis absorbs
[Pellorneidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.63]
- There are numerous changes in Leiothrichidae. These include the
addition of Alcippe; merging Phyllanthus and Kupeornis into Turdoides;
submerging Stactocichla into Leucodioptron;
Rhinocichla into Garrulax; and
Chrysominla, Siva, and Ixos into Actinodura.
The English name of Silver-eared Mesia for Leiothrix argentauris has been restored
(was temporarily Silver-eared Leiothrix).
[Leiothrichidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.63]
The new paper by Kirchman et al. (2012) has prompted me to make some changes in Arinae
(often called Arini). Details of the reorganization are in the family account.
This includes splitting Aratinga into the dark-billed, mostly blue-primaried Aratinga,
the small Eupsittula, and the horn-billed, green-winged, mostly green and red
Psittacara. Nandayus is merged into Aratinga.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.64]
Based on Päckert et al. (2012a), Alpine Swift, Tachymarptis melba
and Mottled Swift, Tachymarptis aequatorialis, have been returned to Tachymarptis
(from Apus). Further, Apus has been rearranged based on their study.
[Apodidae, Apodiformes, 2.62]
Two species have been moved from Myrmotherula to the new genus Isleria:
Plain-throated Antwren, Isleria hauxwelli, and
Rufous-bellied Antwren, Isleria guttata (see Bravo et al., 2012a).
[Thamnophilidae, Furnariida I, 2.56]
Following an SACC decision,
Capped Seedeater, Sporophila bouvreuil, has been split into
Pearly-bellied Seedeaster, Sporophila pileata, and Copper Seedeater,
Sporophila bouvreuil. See Machado and Silveira (2010; 2011). The English name
are preliminary, pending
further SACC action.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.63]
Guatemalan Pygmy-Owl, Glaucidium cobanense has been split from
Northern Pygmy-Owl, Glaucidium gnoma, due to substantial differences
in vocalizations (Eisermann and Howell, 2011).
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.65]
Rufous-rumped Grassbird, Graminicola bengalensis, has been split into
Chinese Grassbird, Graminicola striatus, and Indian Grassbird, Graminicola bengalensis.
See Leader et al. (2010).
[Pellorneidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.62]
The Brown Quail is not closely related to the other Coturnix species
(Seabrook-Davison et al., 2009; Kimball et al., 2011). Its closest
relatives are Excalfactoria. However, it seems to be a fairly distant relative and
I have placed it in Synoicus (Gould, 1843).
[Phasianidae, Galliformes, 2.59]
“Mindoro Racket-tail”, Prioniturus mindorensis, has been split
from Blue-crowned Racket-tail, Prioniturus discurus, based on Schweitzer et al. (2012).
Kundu et al. (2012) found that the Mascarene Parrot is part of the vasa parrot clade.
As Mascarinus has priority, Coracopsis is merged into Mascarinus.
Also, the Seychelles Black Parrot, Mascarinus barklyi, is split from
Lesser Vasa-Parrot, Mascarinus niger.
Finally, Psittacula has been rearranged per Kundu et al. (2012).
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.63]
Based on van Balen et al. (2013), the two forms of Short-tailed Green-Magpie are
split into Bornean Green-Magpie, Cissa jefferyi, and
Javan Green-Magpie, Cissa thalassina.
[Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.65]
The extinct Sharpe's Rail, Gallirallus sharpei, is known from one specimen from an unknown location. According to Bird Life International, it is now thought to have been a color morph of Buff-banded Rail, Gallirallus philippensis. The information they cite remains to be published.
Gallirallus has been reorganized based on Kirchman (2012).
The genera Aramidopsis, Eulabeornis, Habroptila, Lewinia, and Nesoclopeus
have been submerged into Gallirallus while Megacrex has been separated
[Rallidae, Pelecanae I, 2.56]
IOC 2.11 Name Changes:
- The English name of Moustached Fruit-Dove, Ptilinopus mercierii,
becomes Red-moustached Fruit-Dove.
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.62a]
- The IOC English name of Nisaetus cirrhatus is changed to Changeable Hawk-Eagle,
(from Crested Hawk-Eagle).
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.54a]
- The Echo Parakeet, Psittacula echo, is lumped with the extinct
P. eques, which has priority.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.62b]
- The English name of Scrub Warbler, Scotocerca inquieta,
becomes Streaked Scrub Warbler.
[Cettiidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.67a]
As pointed out on birdforum (see below), the name Idioptilon was improperly applied. The birds I previously placed in Idioptilon actually must take the name Ceratotriccus. I took a closer look at this group, and decided that I had made an unwarranted assumption about Hemitriccus. As a result, Hemitriccus is restricted to the bamboo-tyrants, with the other two former Hemitriccus taking the name Idioptilon (correctly applied).
I also noticed that there is an old name available for the tribe containing these
species: Triccini (Heine & Reichenow, 1882-1890). This name is based on
Triccus (Cabanis 1845-46, type T. cinereum), which is a
synonym of Todirostris (Lesson 1831, also type T. cinereum).
More to the point, it has priority over Tello et al.'s Todirostrini
(ICZN 40.1), even though Todirostris is correct name of the type genus.
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.57]
Following IOC 2.11, the English name of the Spot-breasted Pied Woodpecker, Dendrocopos analis, is now Freckled Woodpecker.
Based on Collar (2011), the Greater Flameback, Chrysocolaptes lucidus has been split into 6 species:
- Buff-spotted Flameback, Chrysocolaptes lucidus
- Luzon Flameback, Chrysocolaptes haematribon
- Yellow-faced Flameback, Chrysocolaptes xanthocephalus
- Red-headed Flameback, Chrysocolaptes erythrocephalus
- Javan Flameback, Chrysocolaptes strictus
- Greater Flameback, Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus
[Picidae, Piciformes, 2.63]
The vanga phylogeny has been adjusted based on Reddy et al. (2012).
Family composition remains unchanged, but some species have moved around in
the linear order.
[Vangidae, Corvida I, 2.67]
Tachycineta has been slightly rearranged based on Cerasale et al. (2012).
[Hirundinidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.62]
The June 17 changes to Peliperdix were inadvertently omitted
from the list on the Galliformes page (although they are mentioned there
and handled correctly in the csv files).