The information below includes the date and a brief description of each significant change, a link to the relevant page, and that page's updated version number. Neither minor spelling corrections nor additions to the references are noted on this page.
The csv files have been update (2.79).
Some misspellings of Latin names have been corrected (thanks Peter).
- The scientific name of the New Guinea Flightless Rail is Gallirallus ineptus, not G. inepta.
[Rallidae, Pelecanae I, 2.55g]
- The genus name of the Gray-rumped Swallow is Pseudhirundo, Pseudohirundo.
[Hirundinidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.61b]
- The scientific name of the Amaui is Myadestes woahensis, not M. oahensis.
[Turdidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.56a]
December 13 (updated)
The recent paper by Alström et al. (2011d) has prompted several
changes. I've transfered the Pale-footed Bush-Warbler to
Hemitesia, Gray-sided Bush-Warbler to Oligura, and
designated Chestnut-crowned Bush-Warbler as “Cettia”.
The former Cettia warblers that I had previously placed in
Horeites are now in Horornis as the group no longer
contains the Horeites type species (brunnifrons). I also
moved the race canturians from the Manchurian Bush-Warbler (now
Horornis borealis) to the Japanese Bush-Warbler, Horornis
diphone. Additionally, there has been some rearrangement of the order
[Cettiidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.67]
The Great Grebe has been moved to genus Podicephorus (Bochenski, 1994)
and the grebe genera have been rearranged based on Fjeldså (2004).
[Podicipedidae, Metaves I, 2.62]
The hyphen has been removed from the English name of
Japanese Green Woodpecker, Picus awokera. Based on Pons et al. (2011)
and Perktas et al. (2011), the Iberian Green Woodpecker, Picus sharpei,
is split from European Green-Woodpecker, Picus viridis.
[Picidae, Piciformes, 2.62]
A typographic error in the scientific name of Jamaican Pauraque / Jamaican Poorwill
has been corrected. It is now Siphonorhis americana, not americanua.
[Caprimulgidae, Strisores, 2.56h]
There are several name updates from IOC.
Two involve English names.
Isabella Oriole (Oriolus isabellae) becomes Isabela Oriole
[Oriolidae, Corvida I, 2.66a]
and Plain-tailed Warbler (Seicercus soror) becomes Alstrom's Warbler.
[Phylloscopidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.66a]
There are also a few scientific name corrections in the tanager family. These restore the original spelling. Rufous-sided Warbling-Finch is Poospiza hypocondria, not hypochondria; Cinereous Finch is Piezorina cinerea, not Piezorhina; Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch is Sicalis uropigyalis, not uropygialis. [Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.62a]
The species limits in the Great Egrets have been realigned based on
In other words, the American Egret, Casmerodius egretta,
is split from (Western) Great Egret, Casmerodius albus and the
Eastern Great Egret, Casmerodius modestus becomes a subspecies of
Casmerodius albus. The African subspecies melanorhynchos
remains in Casmerodius albus.
[Ardeidae, Pelecanae II, 2.63]
Following up on a comment on BirdForum:
Golden-rumped Euphonia, Euphonia cyanocephala, Antillean
Euphonia, Euphonia musica, and Elegant Euphonia, Euphonia
elegantissima have been transferred to genus Cyanophonia.
This is consistent with Zuccon et al. (2012).
[Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.58]
Rheindt et al. (2011b) found that the Kentish Plover complex includes at
least 4 species:
Snowy Plover, Charadrius nivosus;
Kentish Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus;
White-fronted Plover, Charadrius marginatus;
Malaysian Plover, Charadrius peronii.
The species order has been adjusted to reflect this.
[Charadriidae, Charadriiformes, 2.58]
I've made some additional rearrangement of the Ibises and Spoonbills based
on Krattinger (2010). In particular, there are once again two subfamilies,
but one includes the New World-only ibis genera, the other includes everything else
[Threskiornithidae, Pelecanae II, 2.62]
Based on Toon et al. (2012), Cinclosoma has been rearranged and
two additional species are recognized.
Western Quail-thrush, Cinclosoma marginatum is split from
Chestnut-breasted Quail-thrush, Cinclosoma castaneothorax,
and Nullabor Quail-thrush, Cinclosoma alisteri, is split from
Cinnamon Quail-thrush, Cinclosoma cinnamomeum.
[Psophodidae, Corvida I, 2.66]
I've swapped Turnagra and Sphecotheres based on
Zuccon and Ericson (2012).
[Oriolidae, Corvida I, 2.65]
After reading the recent papers by Lerner et al. (2011) and Zuccon et al. (2012), I've re-examined the entire Fringillidae. There's been some rearrangement at the tribal level, with Carpodacini being pulled out of Pyrrhulini and Burricini being submerged into Carduelini.
Finally, I've added some alternate names for the Hawaiian Honeycreepers. These include both English names not used by AOU and one new Hawaiian name. The names are:
- Oahu Creeper, added to Oahu Alauahio, Paroreomyza maculata
- Molokai Creeper, added to Kakawahie, Paroreomyza flammea
- Maui Creeper, added to Maui Alauahio, Paroreomyza montana
- Crested Honeycreeper, added to Akohekohe, Palmeria dolei
- Kiwikiu, added to Maui Parrotbill, Pseudonestor xanthophrys
- Kauai Akepa, added to Akekee, Loxops caeruleirostris
- Hawaii Akepa, added to Akepa, Loxops coccineus
[Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.57]
The scientific name of the Sharp-tailed Sandpiper has been corrected to
Limicola acuminata (from acuminatus).
[Scolopacidae, Charadriiformes, 2.57a]
Recent SACC decisions have changed the English names of three parrots.
- Red-eared Parakeet / Blood-eared Parakeet, Pyrrhura hoematotis, becomes Ochre-marked Parakeet / Blood-eared Parakeet
- Vinaceous Parrot / Vinaceous-breasted Amazon, Amazona vinacea, becomes Vinaceous-breasted Parrot / Vinaceous-breasted Amazon
- Blue-fronted Parrot / Turquoise-fronted Amazon, Amazona aestiva, becomes Turquoise-fronted Parrot / Turquoise-fronted Amazon
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.62]
The newly discovered Varzea Thrush, Turdus sanchezorum, has been
added to the list (O'Neill et al., 2011).
[Turdidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.65]
SACC proposal #507,
I realized I'd made a mistake leaving the Band-tailed Sierra Finch in Corydospiza.
It is now inclued in Rhopospina. Also, the hyphen has been removed
from Sierra Finch as it no longer reflects phylogeny.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.62]
The English name of Campylopterus curvipennis has been corrected to
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.61a]
Several additional IOC English name changes have been adopted:
- The Chrysocolaptes and Dinopium Goldenbacks are now
Flamebacks. Note that the Lesser Goldenback, Dinopium benghalense,
becomes Black-rumped Flameback.
[Picidae, Piciformes, 2.61]
- Stresemann's Bush Crow, Zavattariornis stresemanni,
becomes Stresemann's Bushcrow.
[Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.64]
- The Ortygospiza Quail-Finches are now Quailfinches.
[Estrildidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.58]
The Moheli Bulbul, Hypsipetes moheliensis, has been split from
the Comoros Bulbul (now Grand Comoro Bulbul), Hypsipetes parvirostris.
Further, Hypsipetes has been rearranged in view of Warren et al. (2005).
[Pycnonotidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.66]
The csv files have been updated (version 2.78).
Mayr's term Aequornithes (Mayr, 2011) has been adopted for the clade I previously called Pelecanimorphae.
The scientific name of the Great Parrotbill is Conostoma
aemodium not oemodium.
[Sylviidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.61b]
In view of Lee et al. (2011), it is time to include a species-level tree for the Maluridae. There were only slight changes to the phylogeny, mosting involving the Short-tailed Grasswren and Purple-crowned Fairywren. The linear order has somewhat changed, but much of that is driven by stricter enforcement of the rules for creating linear orders. [Maluridae, Basal Oscines, 2.63]
Although Ohlson et al. (2011) is not available yet, the abstract makes clear
that the Kinglet Calyptura belongs in Tyrannidae, not Cotingidae. It has been
[Cotingidae, Tyrannida I, 2.53]
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.56]
I decided it made more sense to leave the position of several branches in
the Phasianidae unresolved at a slightly higher level, and have promoted the
tribes former placed in Gallinae to subfamilies. This has no effect on the linear
order of species.
[Phasianidae, Galliformes, 2.57]
The skuas and jaegers have been reordered to better fit the available
information, including Cohen et al. (1997) and Braun and Brumfield (1998).
[Stercorariidae, Charadriiformes, 2.57]
I've made a minor correction to the order of the Manacus manakins,
so that it matches Anciães and Peterson (2009), as it was supposed to already.
[Pipridae, Tyrannida I, 2.52]
Some of the Passerina buntings have been reordered based on
Carling and Brumfield (2008).
[Cardinalidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.61]
The Italian Sparrow, Passer italiae, is recognized as a species distinct
from both House and Spanish Sparrow.
[Passeridae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.56]
The csv files have been updated again (thanks to Peter K. for corrections).
I've made a couple of minor corrections to the phylogeny and done some
reordering of Parulidae in order to better follow my preferred procedure for
creating linear orderings (smallest groups first, breaking ties according to
northwesternmost point in breeding range). This makes the order quite a bit more
like the latest AOU version. I also added a mention of recent publications about
the yellow-rumped complex. I'm sticking with the IOC treatment for now, but
can't say that the AOU is necessarily wrong. In case anyone wonders, I'm not in
a hurry to adjust the genus names in Parulini. While merging Parula and
Dendroica is not unreasonable, including Setophaga and
Wilsonia seems to me a step too far. Also, someone should really propose
a name for the three oddball “Dendorica” The names will be
reconsidered when SACC gets around to addressing it.
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.58]
The csv files have been updated.
The temporary genus name “Amazilia” (not to be confused with true Amazilia)
has been replaced by Chionomesa (Simon 1921, type lactea).
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.61]
Several alternate names have been removed due to IOC name changes.
Birds affected include three owls: Rufous Owl, Ninox rufa,
Powerful Owl, Ninox strenua; and four brush-finches:
Sierra Nevada Brush-Finch, Arremon basilicus,
Perija Brush-Finch, Arremon perijanus,
Caracas Brush-Finch, Arremon phaeopleurus,
and Paria Brush-Finch, Arremon phygas. I've also removed the alternate name
from Gray-browed Brush-Finch, Arremon assimilis.
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.64a]
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.58b]
The Negros Scops-Owl, Otus nigrorum,
and Everett's Scops-Owl, Otus everetti have been split from
Philippine Scops-Owl, Otus megalotis. See Miranda et al. (2011).
Based on the same paper, Giant Scops-Owl, Otus gurneyi
has been moved near Japanese Scops-Owl, Otus semitorques.
Also, the Mexican Barred Owl, Ciccaba sartorii has been split from
Northern Barred Owl, Ciccaba varia. See Barrowclough et al. (2011).
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.64]
Johansson et al. (2011) have found that the extinct Piopios belong in
the Orioles (Oriolidae), not the Bowerbirds (Ptilonorhynchidae).
I also made some minor changes in Oriolus to better conform to
Jønsson et al. (2010d).
[Oriolidae, Corvida I, 2.64]
[Ptilonorhynchidae, Basal Oscines, 2.62]
Phragamaticola (Thick-billed Warbler) has been merged into Iduna as this
seems to be the preferred treatment.
[Acrocephalidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.61]
The gender has been corrected for Spotted Wren-babbler, now Elachura
formosa, and Rufous-throated Wren-babbler, now Elachura
[Pnoepygidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.60a]
As pointed out by Zuccon in the current Bulletin of the British
Ornithologist's Club [131(3): 196-199], the name Ficedula sordida
(Godwin-Austen, 1874) has priority over Ficedula amabilis (Deignan 1947)
as the scientific name of the Slaty-backed Flycatcher. It has been changed
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.64]
The Acanthizidae have been returned to the Pardalotidae based on recent analyses by
Gardner et al. (2010), Jønsson et al. (2011b) and Nyári (2011). These taxa
had formerly belonged in a single family, Pardalotidae, together with the bristlebirds.
Although the bristlebirds do not belong, the remainder form a clade. Given that the
differences between the pardalotes and the rest are small, it makes sense to put
them back in a single family. I have also adjusted the species order within the
Pardalotidae to take account of Nyári (2011). This entails moving the
Ashy Gerygone, formerly Gerygone cinerea to Acanthiza.
[Pardalotidae, Basal Oscines, 2.61]
I've done some restructuring of the honeyeaters using Nyári and Joseph (2011).
This includes promoting the tribes of the previous version to subfamilies (in a 5-way polytomy)
and continuing the dismemberment of Lichenstomus begun by Gardner et al. (2010).
This involves introducing 3 additional genera: Bolemoreus, Caligavis, and Stomiopera.
The first of these was newly named for this purpose by Nyári and Joseph (2011).
[Meliphagidae, Basal Oscines, 2.60]
The initial Passerimorphae pages now includes mention of evidence supporting the
clade, including the recent papers by Nabholz et al. (2011) and Suh et al. (2011).
Based on Moyle et al. (2011) and Jønsson and Fjeldså
(2006a), I've moved the spiderhunter to the front of Nectariniidae.
Moyle et al. (2011) also supports the split of Bornean Spiderhunter,
Arachnothera everetti, from Streaky-breasted Spiderhunter,
Arachnothera affinis. Their evidence also suggests that
Hypogramma should be subsumed in Arachnothera, as is done here
(with an English name update).
[Nectariniidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.56]
I have made some changes to the Australasian Robins using the comprehensive
analysis by Christidis et al. (2011).
The New Guinea Scrub-Robin, Drymodes beccarii, has been split from
Northern Scrub-Robin, Drymodes superciliaris. I have restored the widely-used
genera Heteromyias and Peneoenanthe, submerged Monachella
into Microeca, and placed the Black-throated Robin in Plesiodryas
and Banded Yellow Robin in Gennaeodryas. If you think these are
a lot, you should read what else Christidis et al. suggest.
[Petroicidae, Basal Passerida, 2.54]
Lovette et al. (2011) has been incorporated into the treatment of the
mockingbirds and thrashers. The linear order has been slightly adjusted,
both based on Lovette et al. (for Cozumel Thrasher) and to conform better to the rules I use
for creating linear orders from phylogenies.
[Mimidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.52]
Based on Ribas et al. (2012), the Napo Trumpeter, Psophia napensis,
has been split from the Gray-winged Trumpeter, Psophia crepitans;
The Pale-winged Trumpeter has been split into
Ochre-winged Trumpeter, Psophia ochroptera, and
White-winged Trumpeter, Psophia leucoptera; and the
Dark-winged Trumpeter has been split into
Green-winged Trumpeter, Psophia viridis,
and Dusky Trumpeter, Psophia obscura.
[Psophiidae, Pelecanae I, 2.61]
The New Zealand Storm-Petrel has been moved into genus Fregetta
from Pealeornis (monotypic). I have also provided a tree diagram for
the Southern Storm-Petrels.
[Oceanitidae, Pelecanae II, 2.61]
The csv files have been updated.
Based on Gastañaga et al. (2011),
Sira Curassow, Pauxi koepckeae, from the Sira Mountains in Peru,
has been split from Horned Curassow, Pauxi unicornis.
[Cracidae, Galliformes, 2.57]
Based on Rheindt et al. (2011), the Maroon-chinned Fruit-Dove, Ptilinopus
subgularis is split into 3 species:
Oberholser's Fruit-Dove, Ptilinopus epius,
Banggai Fruit-Dove, Ptilinopus subgularis, and
Sula Fruit-Dove, Ptilinopus mangoliensis.
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.61]
Following Leader (2011), the Fork-tailed Swift, Apus pacificus,
has been split into 4 species:
Blyth's Swift, Apus leuconyx,
Salim Ali's Swift, Apus salimalii,
Pacific Swift, Apus pacificus, and
Cook's Swift, Apus cooki.
[Apodidae, Apodiformes, 2.60]
Based on Millsap et al. (2011), the Gray Hawk, formerly Asturina nitida,
has been split into Gray Hawk, Asturina plagiata and
Gray-lined Hawk, Asturina nitida.
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.54]
Speckle-faced Parrot, Pionus tumultuosus, has been split into
Plum-crowned Parrot, Pionus tumultuosus, and
White-capped Parrot, Pionus seniloides. The SACC previously rejected this
split on grounds of insufficient evidence. Ribas et al. (2007a) found that the genetic
distance between these species was comparable to other Pionus species pairs.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.60]
Sula Pitta, Erythropitta dohertyi, is now treated as a
subspecies of Red-bellied Pitta, Erythropitta erythrogaster,
because of a lack of vocal differences (Rheindt et al., 2010).
[Pittidae, Passeriformes I, 2.53]
The SACC has ruled (#479)
in favor of the name Grallaria urraoensis rather than
Grallaria fenwickorum for Fenwick's Antpitta / Urrao Antpitta.
The SACC name, Urrao Antpitta, Grallaria urraoensis, is now used here.
[Grallariidae, Furnariida II, 2.64c]
There are several changes to the Reed-Warblers based on Cibois et al. (2011).
The Saipan Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus hiwae,
Pagan Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus yamashinae,
and Mangareva Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus astrolabii
are split from Nightingale Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus luscinius.
Also, the Leeward Islands Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus musae and
Moorea Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus longirostris are split from
Tahiti Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus caffer. Note that most of these taxa are
now extinct. Cibois et al. also added sequenced more of the extant
reed-warblers than previously (esp. A. luscinius, syrinx, and
rehsei) and the phylogeny has been adjusted accordingly.
[Acrocephalidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.60]
Based on Garcia-Moreno et al. (2001, 2003),
White-browed Hemispingus, “Hemispingus” auricularis, is split from
Black-capped Hemispingus, “Hemispingus” atropileus, and
Piura Hemispingus, Hemispingus piurae, including macrophrys, is split from
Black-eared Hemispingus, Hemispingus melanotis.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.60]
There are also several IOC English name changes for version 2.10:
- Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus becomes Gray-hooded Gull / Gray-headed Gull.
- Somali Boubou, Laniarius erlangeri, becomes Black Boubou, Laniarius nigerrimus. Here nigerrimus has priority over erlangeri.
- Cricket Longtail, Spiloptila clamans, becomes Cricket Warbler.
- Red-fronted Warbler / Red-fronted Apalis, Urorhipis rufifrons, becomes Red-fronted Warbler.
Following the recent SACC decision,
Atlapetes rufinucha, is now simply Bolivian Brush-Finch. Note that IOC still uses
Rufous-naped Brush-Finch for Atlapetes latinuchus.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.58a]
Some people have had problems reading the Psittaciformes pdf. I have
regenerated it in an attempt to solve that problem. Please
let me know if you continue to have problems.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.59]
The scientific name of the Kentucky Warbler is corrected to Geothlypis formosa, from formosus (Geothlypis is feminine).
Now that my summer travel is done (Ecuadorian Andes, Machu Picchu,
Galápagos), I'll be slowly catching up with recent developments,
including the latest IOC updates. I'm starting by incorporating Campagna et al. (2011).
This analysis of the sierra-finches leads to a reorganization of
the whole Diglossini group. Note that Idiopsar is also now in Diglossini, where
it gains two of the sierra-finches.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.59]
English name changes announced by IOC (for 2.9 list):
- Rock Pigeon / Common Pigeon, Columba livia, becomes Rock Pigeon / Rock Dove
- Dideric Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx caprius becomes Diederik Cuckoo
- Great Crested Tern / Swift Tern, Thalasseus bergii, becomes Great Crested Tern / Greater Crested Tern
- Northern Yellow-billed Hornbill, Tockus flavirostris, becomes Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill
- Mauritius Parakeet, Psittacula echo, becomes Echo Parakeet
- Blanford's Short-toed Lark, Calandrella blanfordi, becomes Blanford's Lark
- Sakhalin Warbler, Locustella amnicola, becomes Sakhalin Grasshopper-Warbler
- Usambara Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigula, becomes Montane Tiny-Greenbul
- Tiny Greenbul, Phyllastrephus debilis, becomes Lowland Tiny-Greenbul
- Hypocolius, Hypocolius ampelinus, becomes Gray Hypocolius
- Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush, Monticola saxatilis, becomes Common Rock Thrush
- Kurdistan Wheatear, Oenanthe xanthoprymna, becomes Kurdish Wheatear
Scientific name corrections from Zoonomen:
- Andaman Treepie is Dendrocitta bayleii, not D. bayleyi
- Northern White-crowned Shrike is Eurocephalus ruppelli, E. rueppelli
- Rufous-backed Sibia is Heterophasia annectans, not H. annectens
- Blue-capped Redstart is Phoenicurus coeruleocephala, not P. caeruleocephala
Orange-tufted Spiderhunter (Arachnothera flammifera) and
Pale Spiderhunter (Arachnothera dilutior) are split from
Little Spiderhunter (Arachnothera longirostra). See
Lohman et al. (2010) and Rahman et al. (2010).
[Nectariniidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.53]
The Blue-moustached Bee-eater, Merops mentalis, has been split from
Blue-headed Bee-eater, Merops muelleri, based on Marks et al. (2007).
[Meropidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.63]
The Uhehe Fiscal, Lanius marwitzi, is merged into the Common Fiscal.
However, the Common Fiscal is then split into Northern Fiscal, Lanius humeralis,
and Southern Fiscal, Lanius collaris (including marwitzi). See
Fuchs et al. (2011c), which also leads to some rearrangement of Laniidae.
[Laniidae: Corvida II, 2.63]
The position of Bullock's Oriole, Icterus galbula, has been adjusted based
on Jacobsen and Omland (2011).
[Icteridae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.58]
Two of the sierra-finches have been placed in Rhopospina, which has
priority over Corydospiza (thanks to James Jobling for pointing this out).
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.58]
The gender of the following scientific names has been corrected. See David, N., and M. Gosselin (2011), Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code, Bull. Brit. Ornith. Club 131, 103-115.
- Gray-necked Wood-Rail is Aramides cajaneus, not cajanea
- Purple Gallinule is Porphyrio martinicus, not martinica
- Marabou Stork is Leptoptilos crumenifer, not crumeniferus
- Australian White Ibis is Threskiornis moluccus, not molucca
- Western Tinkerbird is Pogoniulus coryphaea, not coryphaeus
- Scaly-naped Parrot is Amazona mercenarius, not mercenaria
- Undulated Antshrike is Frederickena unduliger, not unduligera
- Rusty-winged Barbtail is Premnornis guttuliger, not guttuligera
- Golden Greenbul is Calyptocichla serinus, not serina
Also the scientific name of Glittering-bellied Emerald is corrected to Chlorostilbon lucidus, from aureoventris as recommended in Pacheco, J.F., and B.M. Whitney (2006), Mandatory changes to the scientific names of three Neotropical birds, Bull. Brit. Ornith. Club 126, 242-244. See SACC proposal #490 for more.
The gender of Ring-necked Francolin, Scleroptila streptophora has been corrected
[Phasianidae, Galliformes, 2.56a]
I've carried out a more comprehensive revision of the Galliformes to better incorporate recent publications, particularly Kimball et al. (2011). Here are the major changes:
- The Horned Guan has been moved so it is sister to the currasows. See Pereira & Baker (2002) and Pereira et al. (2009).
- The species have been rearranged so that Crax now follows Pereira & Baker (2004) and Ortalis follows Frank-Hoeflich et al. (2006).
- The Phasianidae have also been rearranged reflecting uncertainty about components of Gallinae, esp. in light of Kimball et al. (2011). This involves an extra tribe (Argusianini) and leaving the arrangement of tribes in Gallinae unresolved.
- Rubeho Forest Partridge, Xenoperdix obscurata has been split from Udzungwa Forest Partridge, Xenoperdix udzungwensis (Bowie and Fjeldså, 2005).
- Melanoperdix is now in Rollulinae.
- The species in Alectoris, Gallus, Lophura, Lophophorus, and Scleroptila have been rearranged to conform with Kimball et al. (2011).
- The Crested Francolin is back in Francolinus (see Kimball et al., 2011).
- The Ring-necked Francolin has been returned to Scleroptila.
- Three Peliperdix species (coqui, albogularis, schlegelii) have been moved to Scleroptila (see Kimball et al., 2011).
- Bonasa and Tetrastes traded places (Kimball et al., 2011).
- A species-level tree of Phasianinae has been added.
There's a gender correction for the Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner. It
should be A. ruficaudata, not ruficaudatum.
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.64a].
A new species of shearwater has been discovered: Bryan's Shearwater, Puffinus bryani.
It was found by closely examining a specimen taken in the Midway Islands (Pyle et al., 2011)
that had been originally identified as Little Shearwater.
[Procellariidae, Pelecanae II, 2.60]
The new papers by Voelker and Light (2011) and by Yeung et al. (2011) have
allowed construction of a species-level tree for the Sylviidae, with help from
Gelang et al. (2009) and Pasquet et al. (2006). Of course, this necessitated
reordering the Sylviidae. I also changed scientific name of Moltoni's Warbler to
C. moltonii (from subalpina) due to undertainty about the
identity of the lost subalpina type specimen.
[Sylviidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.61]
Anticipating that the SACC proposal on English names for the Stripe-headed Brush-Finch
will pass, I have updated the primary names to match the SACC proposal. The IOC list
still uses the previous names, so I will them as secondary names. It would not surprise me
if IOC updates the names once SACC settles on them.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.58]
The csv files have been updated.
The recent paper by Derryberry et al. (2011) analyzes DNA from almost all of the
Furnariidae. Not surprising, this leads to some changes. The topology is covered in
more detail in the family account.
Further, a total of 21 species change genus.
Nine species change genus due to mergers:
Simoxenops has been merged into Syndactyla;
Hyloctistes merged into Automolus;
Gyalophylax, Poecilurus, and Siptornopsis merged into Synallaxis
(I'd previously separated Poecilurus from Synallaxis in an
attempt to avoid suspected paraphyly).
Twelve species change genus due to adjustments of generic boundaries.
Fully half of these involve Philydor:
The Ochre-breasted and Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaners move to Anabacerthia,
Buff-fronted and Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaners move to Ancistrops, and
Rufous-rumped and Slaty-winged Foliage-gleaners move to Megaxenops.
Automolus loses 2 species,
Ruddy and Santa Marta Foliage-gleaners move to Hylocryptus;
Cranioleuca loses two species, Sulphur-throated Spinetail moves to Limnoctites
and Speckled Spinetail moves to Thripophaga;
Hylocryptus also loses 1, Chestnut-capped Foliage-gleaner is now in Clibanornis;
and finally Thripophaga loses Russet-mantled Softtail to Cranioleuca.
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.64].
Some of the African White-eyes have been moved due to Melo et al. (2011),
which also provides evidence in favor of spliting Sao Tome White-eye,
Zosterops feae, from Principe White-eye, Zosterops ficedulinus,
and Forest White-eye, Zosterops stenocricotus, from African Yellow
White-eye, Zosterops senegalensis. I also reconsidered the Anjouan
White-eye, Zosterops anjuanensis, and have split if from Malagasy
White-eye, Zosterops maderaspatanus.
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.60]
I've done an interim rearrangement of the Ibises and Spoonbills to reflect some of the results
from Krattinger (2010).
[Threskiornithidae, Pelecanae II, 2.59]
IOC names (the second name below) have been added to the following extinct species:
- Jamaican Pauraque / Jamaican Poorwill, Siphonorhis americanua, Caprimulgidae
- Caribbean Emerald / Gould's Emerald, Chlorostilbon elegans, Trochilidae
- Samoan Woodhen / Samoan Moorhen, Pareudiastes pacificus, Rallidae
- Spectacled Cormorant / Pallas's Cormorant, Phalacrocorax perspicillatus, Phalacrocoracidae
There are two scientific name corrections (thank you IOC):
- The scientific name of Blue Korhaan is corrected to
Eupodotis coerulescens) from caerulescens.
[Otididae, Pelecanae I, 2.55b]
- The scientific name of Chestnut-backed Owlet is corrected to
Taenioglaux castanotum from castanonotum.
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.62a]
The Forest-Falcons have been rearranged based on Fuchs et al. (2011b).
[Falconidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.59]
Following a preliminary vote by the AOU's NACC, I've merged
Chestnut-mandibled Toucan, Ramphastos swainsonii, with
Black-mandibled Toucan, Ramphastos ambiguus. The SACC has followed this
treatment for some time, and seems to be a more consistent way to treat the
[Ramphastidae, Piciformes, 2.60]
There are some English name updates correcting an error and improving compatibility with AOU and IOC. I've replaced “Tahitian” with “Tahiti”. This affects the following species: Tahiti Swiftlet, Aerodramus leucophaeus; Tahiti Rail, Gallirallus pacificus; Tahiti Petrel, Pseudobulweria rostrata; Tahiti Sandpiper, Prosobonia leucoptera; Tahiti Monarch, Pomarea nigra; Tahiti Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus caffer. Also, Tristan da Cunha Moorhen, Gallinula nesiotis, becomes Tristan Moorhen; Canary Island Oystercatcher, Haematopus meadewaldoi, becomes Canary Islands Oystercatcher; Ua Pou Monarch, Pomarea mira, becomes Huapu Monarch.
Following the recommendation of Benz and Robbins (2011), I've split
Ochre-backed Woodpecker, Celeus ochraceus, from
Blond-crested Woodpecker, Celeus flavescens. They also provide a
complete phylogeny of Celeus, which I have rearranged accordingly.
[Picidae, Piciformes, 2.59]
Based on Fuchs et al. (2011a), the green-headed Usambara Greenbul, Phyllastrephus albigula,
is split from the gray-headed Tiny Greenbul, Phyllastrephus debilis.
[Pycnonotidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.65]
Viseshakul et al. (2011) examined included all hornbill genera in their
cytochrome-b analysis of over half of all hornbill species. The hornbills
have been rearranged accordingly.
[Bucerotidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.62]
I've been studying some of the South American birds in preparation for summer travel to Ecuador and Peru. As a result, I've decided to make a couple of adjustments to the tyrannulets.
The Gray-capped Tyrannulet has been returned to Phyllomyias from Xanthomyias. Although no genetic information is available, it is generally thought to be closely related to the Sooty-headed Tyrannulet, Phyllomyias griseiceps.
I've also merged most of the former Mecocerculus tyrannulets
into Xanthomyias (formerly part of Phyllomyias). The
genetic evidence is sparse, but suggests these are more closely related
to each other than anything else (Ohlson et al., 2008; Rheindt et al.,
2008a; Tello et al., 2009). The birds are pretty similar, so it seems
reasonable to place them all in one genus.
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.55]
After further thought, I've lumped the extinct Kangaroo Island Emu, Dromaius baudinianus,
into the Emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae. It doesn't appear to have been any more different
from the Eum than the King Island Emu was, so I am treating them the same.
[Dromaiidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.58]
Following recent updates to the IOC list, Black-banded Fruit-Dove, Ptilinopus alligator,
has been split from Banded Fruit-Dove, Ptilinopus cinctus. Given present knowledge, it's
fairly arbitrary whether to split or lump these allopatric forms. However, one is in Australia,
the other in the Lesser Sundas, and the current tendency is for such forms to be split.
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.60]
Following Hockey et al. (2005, aka Roberts VII), Barrow's Korhaan,
Eupodotis barrowii, is considered a subspecies of White-bellied Bustard,
[Otididae, Pelecanae I, 2.55]
The Tsingy Wood Rail, Canirallus beankaensis, has been newly
discovered within the Madagascan Wood Rail complex. See Goodman et al. (2011).
[Rallidae, Pelecanae I, 2.55]
Drovetski et al. (2004) and Alström et al. (2011b) found substantial genetic
differences between the Sakhalin Warbler, Locustella amnicola, and
Gray's Grasshopper-Warbler, Locustella fasciolata. These had been suspected to
be separate species, and so are split here.
[Locustellidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.58].
The extinct King Island Emu, Dromaius ater, is now considered a subspecies of
the Emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae. See Heupink et al. (2011).
[Dromaiidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.57]
Several English names are updated due to IOC name changes.
- Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar, Caprimulgus donaldsoni, becomes Donaldson Smith's Nightjar because Donaldson was his middle name. (Caprimulgidae)
- Banded Warbler, Sylvia boehmi, becomes Banded Parisoma and Brown Warbler, Sylvia lugens, becomes Brown Warbler / Brown Parisoma. I retain Warbler in the second case as it does not seem to be a true Parisoma. (Sylviidae)
- Donaldson-Smith's Sparrow-Weaver, Plocepasser donaldsoni, becomes Donaldson Smith's Sparrow-Weaver. (Ploceidae)
Persian Shearwater, Puffinus persicus, and Bannerman's Shearwater,
Puffinus bannermani, are split from Tropical Shearwater, Puffinus bailloni.
The Macaronesian Shearwater has been split into Boyd's Shearwater, Puffinus boydi, and
Barolo Shearwater, Puffinus baroli. Further, Puffinus has been rearranged a
[Procellariidae, Pelecanae II, 2.58]
The alternate English name for Paroaria nigrogenis of Black-eared Cardinal
has been removed. It is now simply Masked Cardinal, as used by SACC and IOC.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.57c]
Horsfield's Thrush, Zoothera horsfieldi, has been merged into
Scaly Thrush, Zoothera dauma. There is insufficient evidence to
treat as a separate species. See Collar (2004). Also,
Grayson's Thrush, Turdus graysoni, has been merged with
Rufous-backed Robin / Rufous-backed Thrush, Turdus rufopalliatus.
Although it may be a distinct species, solid evidence is lacking.
[Turdidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.63]
Eastern Olive-Sunbird, Cyanomitra olivacea, and Western Olive-Sunbird,
Cyanomitra obscura, are merged into Olive Sunbird, Cyanomitra olivacea,
based on Bowie et al. (2004).
[Nectariniidae, Basal Passeroidea, 2.54]
Driskell et al. (2011) has been incorporated into fairywren taxonomy.
In particular, the two broad-billed fairywrens have been placed in a separate
[Maluridae, Basal Oscines, 2.59]
The results of Johnson and Weckstein (2011) have led to a break-up of the
genus Geotrygon (quail-doves).
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.58]
The csv files have been updated.
The genera Anser and Branta have been rearranged based on
Paxinos et al. (2002) and Gonzalez et al. (2009b).
[Anatidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.56]
The Tiger-Parrots have been placed in their own tribe. See Joseph et al. (2011).
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.58]
The Cockatoos have been rearranged using White et al. (2011).
[Cacatuidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.57]
The scientific name of the African Collared-Dove is changed to
Streptopelia risoria (from roseogrisea) following ICZN Opinion 2215.
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.57d]
Based on Bonaccorso et al. (2011), the Chestnut-tipped Toucanet,
Aulacorhynchus derbianus, is split into Whitely's Toucanet,
Aulacorhynchus whitelianus Derby's Toucanet, Aulacorhynchus
derbianus (aka Earl of Derby's Toucanet).
[Ramphastidae, Piciformes, 2.58]
Some English names have been updated to conform to IOC usage:
- Carp's Black-Tit, Parus carpi, becomes Carp's Tit.
[Paridae, Sylvioidea I, 2.58b]
- The names of two of the Arremon brush-finches have been changed:
Phelps' instead of Phelps's and Andean instead of Gray-browed.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.57a]
The English names of Japanese Warbler, Seicercus xanthodryas and
Kamchatka Warbler, Seicercus examinandus have been changed
to Japanese Leaf-Warbler and Kamchatka Leaf-Warbler, as recommended by
Alström et al (2011c).
[Phylloscopidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.64]
The genus name of Sage Sparrow is corrected to Artemisiospiza belli) corrected to
(from Artemisospiza). See Klicka and Banks (2011).
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.57]
The Wedge-tailed Sabrewing, Campylopterus curvipennis, has been split into
Curve-billed Sabrewing, Campylopterus curvipennis (sister to
Long-tailed Sabrewing, Campylopterus excellens) and Wedge-tailed
Sabrewing, Campylopterus pampa, based on Gonzalez et al. (2011) and
Navarro-Sig\"uenza, and Peterson (2004).
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.59]
Changed Parrot-Finch to Parrotfinch to match the IOC and Howard-Moore lists.
[Estrildidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.57]
The name Celebesia (Riley, 1918) is preoccupied by
Celebesia Bolivar 1917. It's been changed to Celebesica, the
replacement name introduced by Strand in 1928.
[Campephagidae, Corvida I, 2.63]
Spelling of Rhabdornithini corrected.
[Sturnidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.51d]
As I add authors and dates for subfamilies and tribes, I have noticed some cases where
I seem to have the wrong name. Today's example is Melanerpini replacing Dendropicini.
[Picidae, Anomalogonates II, 2.57f]
Based on Isler and Whitney (2011), I've split the
Scale-backed Antbird, Willisornis poecilinotus, into
Common Scale-backed Antbird, Willisornis poecilinotus, and
Xingu Scale-backed Antbird, Willisornis vidua. I've also adjusted
the tribes in the antbirds to correct priority and
highlight the professional ant-followers.
[Thamnophilidae, Furnariida I, 2.54].
I've added authors for the names of the various bird orders. These appear in the order headings. One result has been to replace the name Scolopaci with Limicoli. Other that Brodkorb (1963-78), I haven't found much literature on this, and there are bound to be errors, so email me with the appropriate information if you think I've cited the wrong person.
After reading the discussion concerning
SACC proposal #473,
I've decided to lump both Hocking's Parakeet, Aratinga hockingi,
and Chapman's Parakeet, Aratinga alticola, back into the
Mitred Parakeet, Aratinga mitrata. Although these may well be separate species,
I'd like to see some additional evidence.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.56]
The superfamily name Pachycephaloidea has been changed to Orioloidea, which has priority.
[Corvida I, 2.62]
The Indian Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus brunnescens, has been
merged with the Clamorous Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus stentoreus.
Although there is some evidence they are separate species (Rasmussen and
Anderton, 2005), I think the whole stentoreus complex really
needs further study, especially in view of the phylogeny in Helbig and
[Acrocephalidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.58]
The SACC is considering a proposal to split the Stripe-headed Brush-Finch, Arremon torquatus, into 8 species. So far it has strong support, and the evidence seems sufficiently convincing to go ahead with this one. The English names are taken from the group names in the latest Clements checklist (6.5), with one correction noted on their website. The split yields:
- Gray-striped Brush-Finch, Arremon costaricensis
- Gray-browed Brush-Finch, Arremon assimilis
- Colombian Brush-Finch, Arremon basilicus
- Phelps's Brush-Finch, Arremon perijanus
- White-browed Brush-Finch, Arremon torquatus
- Black-headed Brush-Finch, Arremon atricapillus
- Buffy-flanked Brush-Finch, Arremon phaeopleurus
- Venezuelan Brush-Finch, Arremon phygas
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.56]
There are three minor updates from the IOC list:
- Chabert's Vanga, Leptopterus chabert becomes Chabert Vanga.
[Vangidae, Corvida I, 2.61a]
- The IOC name of Hume's Groundpecker, Pseudopodoces humilis, is
changed from Groundpecker to Ground Tit.
[Paridae, Sylvioidea I, 2.57b]
- The scientific name of Lemon-breasted Canary corrected to
Ochrospiza citrinipectus from citrinipecta.
Apparently citrinipectus is invariable.
[Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.55b]
The csv files have been updated to include these changes.
Using Reddy and Moyle (2011), I've moved
Crescent-chested Babbler, Stachyridopsis melanothorax, to Stachyridopis
(formerly Stachyris). I don't yet have a clear sense as to what changes
are required in Pomatorhinus (the focus of their paper), so that will wait a
[Timaliidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.59].
I've used Jønsson et al. (2011b) to adjust the order within the corvid
radiation. Besides the order of the corvid families, this has led to other changes.
Both Corvoidea and Malaconotoidea have been restricted along the lines of Cracraft
et al. (2004). The families Cinclosomatidae and Paramythiidae have been
merged into Psophodidae, and Eulacestoma has been moved there
also. Three genera are now considered incertae sedis:
Rhagolopus, Platylophus, and Melampitta.
[Basal Oscines, 2.58;
[Corvida I, 2.61;
[Corvida II, 2.62].
Attributions have been added for all of the families. Four monotypic families seem not to have been formally named. These are listed as “Informal”. One of them, Hyliotidae, may have a name issue as Hyliotinae was used by Reitter for a beetle subfamily. Given that Swainson's Hyliota has priority over Reitter's, I'm not sure about the status of Reitter's Hyliotinae.
The csv files have been updated to include these changes.
January 23, 30
The csv files have been updated.
Jønsson et al. (2011) recommended separating Gallicolumba into a
restricted Gallicolumba (bleeding-hearts) and Alopecoenas
(Australasian ground-doves). However, I preferred to further separate one of the
clades as Pampusanna.
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.57].
The Restinga Antwren, Formicivora littoralis, has been lumped into
Serra Antwren, Formicivora serrana. See Firme and Raposa (2011).
[Thamnophilidae, Furnariida I, 2.53].
The Locustellidae have been rearranged using Alström et al. (2011b).
Among other things, this involves merging Dromaeocercus into Bradypterus and
splitting Bowdleria and Poodytes from Megalurus, with
some former members of Megalurus moving to Cincloramphus.
[Locustellidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.57].
Based on David et al. (2010), two scientific names have been corrected. Barred Dove is now Geopelia maugeus (not maugei) and Purple-winged Ground-Dove is Claravis geoffroyi (not godefrida). [Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.56a].
The widely used White-vented Storm-Petrel has been added as an alternate name for
Elliot's Storm-Petrel, Oceanites gracilis.
[Oceanitidae, Pelecanae II, 2.58].
The Rallidae have been given a preliminary reorganization to better take
existing genetic studies into account. This should be regarded as a first draft.
[Rallidae, Pelecanae I, 2.54]
Following SACC, Colombian Chachalaca, Ortalis columbiana is split
from Speckled Chachalaca, Ortalis guttata.
[Cracidae, Galliformes, 2.55]