The information below includes the date and a brief description of each significant change, a link to the relevant page, and that page's updated version number. Neither minor spelling corrections nor additions to the references are noted on this page.
Many of these changes are prompted by version 2.3 of the IOC list.
The Bornean Swiftlet, Collocalia dodgei, is split from
Cave Swiftlet, Collocalia linchi. See Moyle et al. (2008).
[Apodidae, Apodiformes, 2.52]
Due to Bolton (2007), I've split the Band-rumped Storm-Petrels into several parts, one of which doesn't have an established English name.
- Cape Verde Storm-Petrel, Thalobata jabejabe
- “Pacific Storm-Petrel”, Thalobata cryptoleucura
- Monteiro's Storm-Petrel, Thalobata monteiroi
- Band-rumped Storm-Petrel / Madeiran Storm-Petrel, Thalobata castro
Note that I haven't gone as far as splitting Grant's Storm-Petrel.
[Hydrobatidae, Pelecanae II, 2.52]
The order Upupiformes, which corresponds to Sibley-Ahlquist-Monroe's Bucerotimorphae, has been renamed Bucerotiformes to match usage in the IOC list and Tree of Life. [Bucerotiformes, Anomalogonates I, 2.52d]
I'm following the IOC split of Velasquez's Woodpecker, Melanerpes santacruzi,
from Red-bellied Woodpecker, Melanerpes carolinus, based on Garcia-Trejo et al.
(2009). I have also rearranged Melanerpes a bit in line with their analysis,
and that of Overton and Rhoades (2006).
[Picidae, Piciformes, 2.53]
Maghreb Lark, Galerida randonii, is another IOC split, this time
from Crested Lark, Galerida cristata.
See Guillaumet et al. (2005, 2006, 2008).
[Alaudidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.51]
Another IOC change is to split
Rufous-backed Wren, Campylorhynchus capistratus, and
Sclater's Wren, Campylorhynchus humilis, from
Rufous-naped Wren, Campylorhynchus rufinucha.
See Vázquez-Miranda et al. (2009).
[Troglodytidae, Certhioidea, 2.51]
I also recognize the IOC split of Bahama Oriole, Icterus northropi,
from Cuban Oriole, Icterus dominicensis. See Sturge (2009).
The AOU's NACC lumps these and some other West Indian orioles
as Greater Antillean Oriole, Icterus dominicensis. I also reconsidered
the case of Ochre Oriole, Icterus fuertesi, splitting it
from Orchard Oriole, Icterus spurius, to try to maintain a consistent standard.
[Icteridae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.52]
The latest IOC list (2.3) has prompted a number of changes. Others are still under consideration. For most of today's splits I had been waiting to see what IOC would do before going ahead with them.
Hainan Peacock-Pheasant, Polyplectron katsumatae, has been split from
Gray Peacock-Pheasant, Polyplectron bicalcaratum, based on Chang et al. (2008).
[Phasianidae, Galliformes, 2.52]
Willard's Sooty-Boubou, Laniarius willardi, has been split from
Mountain Sooty-Boubou, Laniarius poensis based on Voelker et al. (2010b).
[Malaconotidae, Corvida I, 2.54]
The Bronze Parotia, Parotia berlepschi, has been split from
Queen Carola's Parotia, Parotia carolae, as in HBW-14.
[Paradisaeidae, Corvida II, 2.55]
David's Fulvetta, Alcippe davidi,
Yunnan Fulvetta, Alcippe fratercula,
and Huet's Fulvetta, Alcippe hueti,
have been split from
Gray-cheeked Fulvetta, Alcippe morrisonia, based on Zou et al. (2007) and
Song et al. (2009).
[Pellorneidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.52]
Both Shelly's Sparrow, Passer shelleyi,
and Kordofan Sparrow, Passer cordofanicus, have been split from
Kenya Sparrow, Passer rufocinctus, as in HBW-14.
Passeridae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.51]
There are two spelling corrections to scientific names: Gray-chested Dove, Leptotila cassinii, not cassini, and Himalayan Owl, Strix nivicolum, not nivicola. I haven't yet decided what to do with the Dwarf Fruit Dove, Ptilinopus nainus. IOC has joined the large group using nanus. However, it is not at all clear to me that this is correct. See zoonomen.net.
IOC has switched to the AOU names for the following species, which allows me to eliminate the double names: Lesser (Darwin's) Rhea, Rhea pennata, Yellow-billed (Speckled) Teal, Anas flavirostris, Helmeted (Southern Helmeted) Curassow, Pauxi pauxi, Horned (Northern Helmeted) Curassow, Pauxi unicornis, Blue-billed (Blue-knobbed) Curassow, Crax alberti, Red-billed (Red-knobbed) Curassow, Crax blumenbachii, Ruby-topaz Hummingbird (Ruby Topaz), Chrysolampis mosquitus, (Black-breasted) Plovercrest, Stephanoxis lalandi, Speckled Rail (Crake), Coturnicops notatus, Gray (Gray-lined) Hawk, Asturina nitida, White-tailed (Western White-tailed) Trogon, Trogon chionurus, Green-backed (Amazonian White-tailed) Trogon, Trogon viridis, and Maroon-bellied (Reddish-bellied) Parakeet, Pyrrhura frontalis.
IOC has also changed a number of other English names. The corresponding new names on the TIF list follow with the old names in parentheses. Chinese (Severtzov's) Grouse, Tetrastes sewerzowi, Pinon's (Pinon) Imperial-Pigeon, Ducula pinon, Zoe's (Zoe) Imperial-Pigeon, Ducula zoeae, Yellowish (Bismarck) Imperial-Pigeon, Ducula subflavescens, New Caledonian (Red-crowned) Parakeet, Cyanoramphus saisseti, Red-crowned (Red-fronted) Parakeet, Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae, Kawall's Parrot / Kawall's (White-cheeked) Amazon, Amazona kawalli, d'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant/ D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca oenanthoides, where IOC added the variant spelling, Papuan Black Myzomela (Black Myzomela), Myzomela nigrita, Red-headed Myzomela / Black-bellied Myzomela (Myzomela erythrocephala), where the first name is used in Australia, African Shrike-flycatcher (Shrike-flycatcher), Megabyas flammulatus, Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcher (Flycatcher), Bias musicus, Stripe-headed Rhabdornis (Creeper), Rhabdornis mystacalis, Stripe-breasted Rhabdornis (Creeper), Rhabdornis inornatus, Long-billed Rhabdornis (Creeper), Rhabdornis grandis, Red-and-black (Peleng) Thrush, Geokichla mendenik Green-backed (Chinese) Flycatcher, Ficedula elisae, Eastern Golden-Weaver (Yellow Weaver), Ploceus subaureus, Holub's (African) Golden-Weaver, Ploceus xanthops, Cuckoo Finch (Weaver), Anomalospiza imberbis, Pictorella Mannikin (Munia), Heteromunia pectoralis. and Sind (Jungle) Sparrow, Passer pyrrhonotus.
The family name for the New Zealand Parrots has been changed to Strigopidae
from Nestoridae. It seems that Strigopidae has had priority since
Bonaparte (1850, vol. 1, p. 8).
[strigopidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.52]
Corrected position of Heliolais. The csv file has also been fixed.
[Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.55]
The scientific name of the Large Woodshrike
has been corrected to Tephrodornis virgatus (was T. gularis).
The gender of the two Philentoma has also been corrected.
[Vangidae, Corvida I, 2.53]
I've adjusted the position of the Rheas due to Phillips et al. (2010).
[Paleognaths, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.52]
The cranes have been rearranged based on Krajewski et al. (2010).
[Gruidae, Pelecanae I, 2.53]
The Greater Scythebill moves to a new genus, Drymotoxeres
(Claramunt et al., 2010). The remaining Campylorhamphus scythebills
have been reordered. I've also expanded the text and made a few corrections,
including bringing the text and diagrams back in agreement.
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.54]
The manakins have been revised based on a tree due to Hackett in
recent paper by Anciães and Peterson (2009).
This has allowed me to include a species-level phylogeny.
I've adjusted the genus limits, with several Neopelma moving to
Tyranneutes, Corapipo merged into Masius,
Chloropipo separated from Xenopipo (with X.
holochlora moving to Lepidothrix), and Dixiphia,
Ceratopipra, and Machaeropterus all being merged into
[Pipridae, Tyrannida I, 2.51]
The newly discovered Limestone Leaf-Warbler, Seicercus calciatilis,
(Phylloscopus calciatilis) has been added to the list
(Alström et al., 2010). I changed the genus name because it falls in
the Seicercus branch of Phylloscopus + Seicercus.
[Phylloscopidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.54]
The English name Yellow-shouldered Oriole, Icterus pyrrhopterus,
has been changed to Variable Oriole.
[Icteridae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.51]
A hypothetical species-level phylogeny has been added for the
fantails, based on Nyári et al. (2009).
[Rhipiduridae, Corvida II, 2.54a]
I updated the Maluridae to match the csv file of Aug 17. I've also moved
some of the Acanthizidae around. This is partly due to the recent paper by
Norman et al. (2009b), partly by looking at older papers such as Nicholls et al. (2000),
and partly from a closer reading of Christidis and Boles (2008). As a result,
I also now use their generic limits, with the heathwrens in Hylacola
and the Speckled Warbler in Chthonicola.
[Maluridae, Basal Oscines, 2.52;
Acanthizidae, Basal Oscines, 2.52]
The fantails have been reordered based on Nyári et al. (2009).
[Rhipiduridae, Corvida II, 2.54]
Another change due to Norman et al. (2009b) involves the Australasian robins,
where the ground-robins have been moved to the head of the family list.
[Petroicidae, Basal Passerida, 2.52]
The recent paper by Irestedt et al. (2009b) has lead to several changes
in the ovenbird family, Furnariidae. The split of Margarornini and
Pygarrhichadini is now supported by both Moyle et al. (2009b) and
Irestedt et al. (2009b), with Margarornini now placed following
Philydorini. The two papers differ on the position of
Furnariini, but Irestedt et al.'s placement is more strongly supported,
so Furnariini now follows Margarornini. The previously un-sequenced
Clibanornis has been moved from Synallaxini to Philydorini,
sister to Hylocryptus. In Synallaxini, Sylviorthorhynchus
has been merged into Leptasthenura. Irestedt et al. provide further
information on the Asthenes situation. It is clear that the previous
version was paraphyletic, even though some species had been moved elsewhere.
Irestedt et al. provide further information and I've made some educated guesses
about which clades are monophyletic. Some of Asthenes has moved into
Siptornoides, and some into Schizoeaca. Schizoeaca
has also absorbed Oreophylax.
[Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.53]
The English name of Aegotheles salvadorii has been corrected
to Salvadori's Owlet-nightjar.
Psilorhamphus has been moved next to Liosceles as in
Ericson et al. (2010).
[Rhinocryptidae, Furnariida II, 2.52]
The scientific name of Socotra Cisticola has been correccted to Cisticola haesitatus.
[Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.53a]
I've made some changes to the Asian bulbuls (Pycnonotinae) based on the MA
thesis by Oliveros (2009). Highlights include merging Brachypodius and
Euptilosus into Microtarsus and moving the Philippine members of
Ixos into Hypsipetes (which now includes Microscelis).
[Pycnonotidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.53]
Bonaccorso et al. (2010) has been incorporated into the treatment of the
Cyanocorax and Psilorhinus jays. As a result, Calocitta has
been included in Psilorhinus. The paper also gave another piece of evidence in
favor of splitting Green Jay, Cyanocorax luxuosus, and Inca Jay, Cyanocorax yncas.
I have taken the opportunity to do so.
[Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.53]
The hummingbird tribe Lesbiini (Coquettes), which previously contained many
taxa that had not been sequenced, has been rearranged using
Kirchman et al. (2009). As part of this rearrangement,
Chalcostigma and Oreonympha have been merged into Oxypogon.
Further, the Bogota Sunangel now needs a new genus name.
[Trochilidae, Metaves III, Apodiformes, 2.51]
The spelling of the scientific name of
the White-tailed Warbler has been corrected to Poliolais lopesi
[Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.52b]
The Muscicapidae, which remain in an unsatisfactory state, have had some improvements
made based on the recent papers by Bowie, R. Outlaw, and Voelker.
One paper, Voelker et al. (2010), led to some rearrangement of the forest-robins.
This resulted in the disappearance of Dryocichloides, now folded into
Sheppardia, and the addition of the Olive-flanked Robin-Chat to
Caffrornis (they prefer the genus name Callene, but I can't see
how that can be correct). A second paper by the same group, Outlaw et al.
(2010), analyzed the chats and wheatears. As a result, Oenanthe has
expanded at the expense of Cercomela, with the remaining Cercomela
moving to Emarginata. They also found that the Mountain Wheatear is not
part of Oenanthe. For the present, I've put it in the monotypic genus
Dromolaea. Finally, the Moorland Chat is now in a monotypic genus,
Pinarochroa. Of course, all this led to some further rearrangement, as did
their close look at Oenanthe. The results are on the Muscicapoidea II page.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.52]
The Thraupinae section of the Tanagers has had some changes as a result of
Sedano and Burns (2010). Most notably, Thaupis and Buthraupis have
been distributed among other genera.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.53]
The family name Megaluridae has been corrected to Locustellidae
as used in the latest BOU taxonomic recommendations.
[Locustellidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.50b]
The temporary genus designation Myiophobus2 has been replaced by
Nephelomyias, as proposed by Ohlson et al. (2009) in today's Zootaxa.
[Tyrannidae: Tyrannida II, 2.52]
I've updated the ducks, geese, and swans based on Gonzalez et al. (2009b)
[Anatidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.51]
Pachycephala has be re-ordered to better match Jøsson et al. (2010).
[Pachycephalidae, Corvida I, 2.52]
Birding in Australia, no updates this month.
Rubeho Warbler, Scepomycter rubehoensis, is split from
Winifred's Warbler, Scepomycter winifredae, based on Bowie et al. (2009).
[Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.52]
The Paradisaeidae have been reordered based on Irestedt et al. (2009).
Two species of Ptiloris have been moved to
Lophorina as a result.
[Paradisaeidae, Corvida II, 2.52]
The Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata, of the New World and
Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus, of the Old World have been
[Rallidae, Pelecanae I, 2.52]
Anticipating SACC decisions, hyphens have been removed from: Rufous Crab Hawk, Buteogallus aequinoctialis; Many-colored Rush Tyrant, Tachuris rubrigastra; Crowned Slaty Flycatcher, Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus; Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant, Muscipipra vetula Drab Water Tyrant, Ochthornis littoralis; Short-tailed Field Tyrant, Muscigralla brevicauda; Many-colored Chaco Finch, Saltatricula multicolor; Black-backed Bush Tanager, Cnemoscopus rubrirostris; Long-tailed Reed Finch, Donacospiza albifrons; and Gray-hooded Bush Tanager, Cnemoscopus rubrirostris. I have also removed a hyphen from White-headed Marsh Tyrant, Arundinicola leucocephala, which has been added to the SACC proposal.
To better conform with the IOC list, hyphens were also removed from Madagascan Pygmy Kingfisher, Corythornis madagascariensis; Spot-breasted Pied Woodpecker, Dendrocopos analis; Stresemann's Bush Crow, Zavattariornis stresemanni; Moustached Grass Warbler, Melocichla mentalis; Ja River Scrub Warbler, Bradypterus grandis; Cinnamon Bracken Warbler, Bradypterus cinnamomeus; White-throated Mountain Babbler, Kupeornis gilberti; Fiscal Flycatcher, Sigelus silens; Angolan Cave Chat, Xenocopsychus ansorgei; and Congo Moor Chat, Myrmecocichla tholloni.
Snowy Plover, Charadrius nivosus, is split from Kentish
Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus, based on Küpper et al. (2009).
[Charadriidae, Charadriiformes, 2.52]
The order of the Myiopagis Elaenias has been adjusted to match
Rheindt et al. (2009b).
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.51]
Witt (2004) provides a phylogeny for the Motmots, Jacamars, and Puffbirds. All
three families have been rearranged accordingly.
The Highland Motmot, Momotus aequatorialis, has been split from the
Blue-crowned Motmot, Momotus momota. Additional splits from M. momota
[Momotidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.52;
Galbulidae, Anomalogonates II, 2.52;
Bucconidae, Anomalogonates II, 2.52]
The recent paper by Braun and Huddleston (2009) includes all of the potoos. As
a result the Rufous Potoo, Nyctibius bracteatus, is now moved to the front of
[Nyctibiidae, Metaves II: Strisores, 2.52]
Based on Mauck and Burns (2009), I've moved the Indigo Flower-piercer to
Diglossa (from Diglossopis) and rearranged the species in
Diglossopis and Diglossa.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.52]
I've updated the English names using version 2.2 of the IOC list. Many of the changes are concentrated in the New Guinea region, where they are coordinating with local checklist compliers. These name changes affect the following familes:
Following IOC 2.2 and BLI, I split
the Enggano Scops Owl, Otus enganensis from
Simeulue Scops-Owl, Otus umbra;
Bougainville Crow, Corvus meeki, from
White-billed Crow, Corvus woodfordi; and
Rufous-headed Parrotbill, Paradoxornis bakeri, from
White-breasted Parrotbill, Paradoxornis ruficeps (formerly
Greater Rufous-headed Parrotbill).
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.51;
Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.51].
While making the IOC updates, I also corrected the spelling of Macronus (Timaliidae).
I've incorporated Schwiezer et al. (2009) into the parrot page. This places a
couple of the genera a bit more solidly, but muddies the waters concerning the
arrangement, but not composition, of the subfamilies and tribes. As a result, they've
moved about some.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.51]
The recently established genus Geocerthia (Chesser et al., 2009) has
been separated from Upucerthia.
Furnariidae, Furnariida II, 2.51].
The order of the Ramphastos toucans has been adjusted to conform
with Patané et al. (2009).
[Ramphastidae, Piciformes, 2.51]
There are two changes from the SACC. They have changed the name of the
Diademed Plover back to Diademed Sandpiper-Plover and have
split the Gray-throated Warbling-Finch, Poospiza cabanisi, from
Red-rumped Warbling-Finch, Poospiza lateralis, with the latter
now called Buff-throated Warbling Finch.
[Charadriidae, Charadriiformes, 2.51
Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.51]
I have finished the current upgrade cycle, adding as many genus-level trees as I could. The taxonomy now seems more stable, so I'm calling the result version 2.5 and have updated the file version numbers accordingly. The list comparison has not been updated, and so still uses the old numbers.
There are a couple of corrections to scientific names. The genus
Kieneria is replaced by Pyrgisoma and
Acanthidops bairdii becomes Acanthidops bairdi.
[Passerellidae, Core Passeroidea IV, 2.14d; Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.16a]
The last few Orioles have been rearranged based on Sturge et al. (2009), which
has slightly better taxon sampling than Omland et al. (1999).
[Icteridae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.15]
At this point, the upgrade to genus-level phylogenies is done and the csv files have been updated accordingly. There are still 18 families that lack such a phylogeny. In some cases I've tried to develop one, but the resulting tree seemed just too shaky to use. There was too much guesswork. These families will have to wait until I get more information about them. In most cases, that means waiting for it to be published.
The Tyrannidae have been revised. This is based on a number of papers,
including Ohlson et al. (2008), Rheindt et al. (2008a), Tello and Bates (2007), and
the recent Tello et al. (2009). A preliminary version of the changes had been
inadvertently posted earlier, so I bumped the version again to distinguish them.
[Tyrannidae, Tyrannida II, 2.06]
The storks have been handled using Slikas (1997).
[Ciconiidae, Pelecanae II, 2.28]
I've provided a genus-level tree for Certhioidea. This led to putting
the Wallcreeper first, and to reversing the two gnatwren genera.
I've adjusted the position of the Tui Parakeet, Brotogeris sanctithomae, based
on the forthcoming paper by Ribas et al. (2009).
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes and Psittaciformes, 2.21]
I added the recently described Bare-faced Bulbul, Pycnonotus hualon
(Woxvold et al., 2009). Where exactly this goes in Pycnonotus is unclear and
I have temporarily placed it at the end until more information is available. As the
authors note, Pycnonotus itself needs revision.
[Pycnonotidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.16]
A forthcoming paper by Amaral et al. (2009) allows me to refine the treatment of the
Buteoninae. A few species move slightly, but the overall picture is pretty similar.
They recommend a number of the taxonomic changes previously included in
this list, and also name two new genera in order to avoid having a large Buteogallus
genus. Comparison of their results with others suggests to me that the position of
the Gray Hawk is not as certain as it might be, and that its better to put it in
Asturina, as it was only a few years ago.
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.15]
I've been incorporating the forthcoming paper by Tello et al. (2009). The first set
of changes involves the Pipridae (Manakins). They have been reordered and the genera
Dixiphia and Ceratopipra have been separated from Pipra.
There have been some minor adjustments to the Cotingidae (Cotingas). They also
provide additional support for including the Myiobius group and the Sharpbill
in Tityridae (Tityras and Becards). I have also decided this is a good time to
reverse the order of Tyrannida and Furnariida, putting the larger group (Furnariida) last.
[pipridae & cotingidae, Tyrannida I, 2.06]
The herons have been reordered some, incorporating Chang et al. (2003).
As a result Casmerodius has been split from Ardea and Dupetor
merged into Ixobrychus.
[Ardeidae, Pelecanae II, 2.27]
The Oreoicidae are now arranged as in Dumbacher et al. (2008).
[Oreoicidae, Corvida I, 2.19]
I've added a phylogenetic tree for the vireos, and reordered them accordingly.
[Vireonidae, Corvida I, 2.18]
The Galliformes have been updated. Some of the changes are to insure that the linear
order is properly constructed. The Megapodes have been rearranged
based on Birks and Edwards (2002), while the New World quail are based on the tree
in Eo et al. (2009).
A couple of the Sturnidae genera (Notopholia and Hylopsar) have moved
as a result of tree construction.
[Sturnidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.17]
The family of the day is Cettiidae, which I've rearranged. It seemed best to
revive the genus Horeites for most members of Cettia.
[Cettiidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.15]
The genera Oporornis and Geothlypis have been rearranged based on
Escalante et al. (2009). Further, the Chiriqui Yellowthroat, Geothlypis chiriquensis,
Black-lored Yellowthroat, Geothlypis auricularis, and
Southern Yellowthroat, Geothlypis velata, are split from
Masked Yellowthroat, Geothlypis aequinoctialis;
Baird's Yellowthroat, Geothlypis bairdi, is split from
Olive-crowned Yellowthroat, Geothlypis semiflava.
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.14]
The minivets (Pericrocotus) have been rearranged based on Jønsson et al. (2009).
[Campephagidae, Corvida I, 2.17]
The linear order in the Icteridae also did not quite follow the rules.
Nesopsar and Agelaius have moved up a couple of spots to fix this.
[Icteridae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.13]
Although the Cardinalidae had a species-level tree, I hadn't noticed that the
linear order didn't follow the rules until I added a genus-level tree. The
relatively large genus Piranga has been moved down a bit.
[Cardinalidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.16]
The Psittaciformes are the latest order to get a genus tree. The big adjustments
do not reflect phylogenetic changes, but are due to the strictly applying the rules I'm using
for forming a linear order from a tree.
Two exceptions are Nymphicus and Callocephalon.
Most of the rest of the actual changs are in the Arini, involving
Cyanoliseus, Enicognathus, Rhynchopsitta, and
Ognorhynchus (which is uncertainly placed).
[Psittaciformes, Falconiformes and Psittaciformes, 2.20]
The addition of a genus tree for the Anseriformes led to some adjustments in
the ducks and geese. The genera that moved in the tree are:
Coscoroba, Cereopsis, and Salvadorina.
The linear order of Mergellus, Pteronetta, and Cyanochen changed,
but the underlying phylogeny remained unchanged.
[Anatidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.18]
The Accipitriformes now have a genus-level tree. I made some adjustments in the
species order within Accipitridae. This affected Gyps (Ashad et al., 2009),
the two Harpagus kites (now in a separate subfamily), and I switched the order
of the buteos and accipiters because the accipiter are a larger group.
There were also minor adjustments to the position
of Chelictinia, Milvus, Megatriorchis and Erythrotriorchis.
[Accipitridae, Accipitrimorphae, 2.14]
Much of the tree-building is now done, although some large groups are still left. Again, I'll only note those where I moved genera about: hummingbirds, mousebirds, woodpeckers, manakins, tityras, vangas, shrike, penduline-tits, long-tailed tits, and bulbuls.
- Trochilidae, Metaves III, 2.04
- Coliidae, Anomalogonates I,2.20
- Picidae, Anomalogonates II,2.05
- Pipridae, Suboscines III, 2.05
- Tityridae, Suboscines III, 2.05
- Vangidae, Corvida I, 2.16
- Laniidae, Corvida II, 2.14
- Remizidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.21
- Aegithalidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.14
- Pycnonotidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.14
I also rearranged the Coeligena hummingbirds based on a new paper
by Parra et al. (2009).
[Trochilidae, Metaves III, 2.04]
I continue to add trees for various families. Some of these cause some reordering in the various families involved.
- Piciformes, Anomalogonates II, 2.04
- Bernieridae, Sylvioidea I, 2.20
- Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.12
- Bombycilloidea, Reguloidea and Bombycilloidea, 2.13
- Estrildidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.04
I've added a genus-level tree for the Coraciiformes. This lead to some
reordering in both Coraciidae and Alcedinidae.
[Coraciiformes, Anomalogonates I, 2.19].
I also reversed the order of the two genera in Phoeniculidae.
[Phoeniculidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.19].
Bar-winged Cinclodes, Cinclodes fuscus, is split into
Buff-winged Cinclodes, Cinclodes fuscus,
Bar-winged Cinclodes, Cinclodes albidiventris,
and Cream-winged Cinclodes, Cinclodes albiventris, based on Sanín
et al. (2009).
[Furnariidae, Suboscines II, 2.14]
I've added a phylogenetic tree for the berrypeckers, and reordered the genera appropriately.
The two genera in the satinbirds have also been swapped (smallest first).
Cnemophilidae, Basal Passerida, 2.03]
The csv files have been updated.
A comprehensive genus-level tree for the Charadriiformes has been added.
I also adjusted the position of some families to conform to the rules I'm using
for constructing linear orders. This also affected the internal ordering of
the avocets & stilts, plovers, painted-snipes, coursers & buttonquail,
pratincoles, alcids, and terns. The species are the same,
and in the same families. Some are just arranged a bit differently.
I also added a genus-level tree for Passeridae, but no rearrangement was required.
[Passeridae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.12h]
The Artamidae have been reordered and simplified.
[Artamidae, Corvida I, 2.14]
A recent paper by Fuchs et al. (2009) confirms Nyári et al.'s (2009) analysis
that the Yellow-bellied Fantail is one of the Stenostiridae. As a result, I've added a tree
for the Stenostiridae, and a little biogeographic discussion.
[Stenostiridae, Sylvioidea I, 2.19]
A genus-level tree has been added for the cuckoos. The Centropodinae now follow the Couinae
(smaller group first).
[Cuculidae, Pelecanae I, 2.15]
I'm adopting ten splits that both IOC and BLI accept.
- Northern Rockhopper Penguin, Eudyptes moseleyi, split from Southern Rockhopper Penguin, Eudyptes chrysocome,
[Spheniscidae, Pelecanae II, 2.26]
- Samar Hornbill, Penelopides samarensis, split from Tarictic Hornbill, Penelopides panini,
[Bucerotidae: Anomalogonates I, 2.18]
- Flat-billed Kingfisher, Todiramphus recurvirostris, split from Sacred Kingfisher, Todiramphus sanctus;
Mewing Kingfisher, Todiramphus ruficollaris, split from Chattering Kingfisher, Todiramphus tutus,
[Alcedinidae: Anomalogonates I, 2.18]
- Papuan Friarbird, Philemon novaeguineae, split from Helmeted Friarbird, Philemon buceroides,
[Meliphagidae: Basal Oscines, 2.06]
- White-browed Triller, Lalage moesta, split from Black-browed Triller, Lalage atrovirens,
[Campephagidae: Corvida I, 2.13]
- White-lored Oriole, Oriolus albiloris, split from Philippine Oriole, Oriolus steeri,
[Oriolidae: Corvida I, 2.13]
- Steppe Gray Shrike, Lanius pallidirostris, split from Southern Gray Shrike, Lanius meridionalis,
[Laniidae: Corvida II, 2.14]
- Buff-chested Babbler, Stachyridopsis ambigua, split from Rufous-fronted Babbler, Stachyridopsis rufifrons,
[Timaliidae: Sylvioidea III, 2.25]
- Sulawesi Blue-Flycatcher, Cyornis omissus, split from Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher, Cyornis rufigastra,
[Muscicapidae: Muscicapoidea II, 2.13]
A second English name was added for a handful of Australian species in order to better match Christidis and Boles (2008).
The Torresian Imperial-Pigeon, Ducula spilorrhoa, has been split from
Pied Imperial-Pigeon, Ducula bicolor. It didn't make sense to not include this
while including other members of the bicolor superspecies.
[Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.16].
I added a fair amount of text concerning possible splits of the Yellow and
[Parulidae, Core Passeroidea III, 2.12]
I've incorporated the new paper by Burns and Racicot (2009) about Tachyphonini.
The Tachyphonini have been rearranged and gained Black-goggled Tanager
and Crimson-breasted Finch from the incertae sedis tanagers.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.15]
I've finished the updating of the English names to include applicable IOC names, sometimes as alternates.
I continue to focus on updating the English names. However, there are also two
Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner, Automolus rufipectus, has been split from
Ruddy Foliage-gleaner, Automolus rubiginosus (SACC).
[Furnariidae, Suboscines II, 2.12]
A recent paper by Nyári et al. (2009) found that the
Yellow-bellied Fantail is not a fantail, but rather one of the
Stenostiridae. Accordingly, it takes the scientific name Chelidorhynx hypoxantha.
[Rhipiduridae, Corvida II, 2.13; Stenostiridae, Sylvioidea I, 2.18]
One name correction worth noting is the change from Baka Indigobird to
Barka Indigobird for Vidua larvaticola. When Payne originally named the
bird he meant to use the Hausa term for which the standard spelling is “Barka”.
[Viduidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.03b]
I've started updating English names to better match the IOC names. There are about 1100 names to consider, and they have to be compared to names in actual use, particularly AOU and BOU names, before decisions are made. This means the process will take a while. Minor name changes, including dropping alternative names, will not be explicity noted here. However, I will update the file version numbers with letters (e.g., 2.14b) as I do for other minor non-taxonomic changes.
The Eurostopodidae have been merged into the Caprimulgidae. The Caprimulgidae
have been rearranged, with the genus Caprimulgus being divided into three parts.
[Caprimulgiformes, Strisores, 2.13]
Based on Piacentini et al. (2009), I'm recognizing Tapajos Hermit, Phaethornis aethopyga,
as a species rather than a hybrid between Reddish Hermit, Phaethornis ruber, and
Streak-throated Hermit, Phaethornis rupurumii.
[Trochilidae, Apodiformes, 2.03]
The newly described Rio Orinoco Spinetail, Synallaxis beverlyae
is added to the list (see Hilty and Ascanio, 2009).
[Furnariidae, Suboscines II, 2.11]
The species limits of Paroaria have been changed based on
Dávalos et al. (2009). I've separated Masked Cardinal, Paroaria nigrogenis,
from Red-capped Cardinal and merged Yellow-billed Cardinal into Red-capped
Cardinal. Thus Red-capped Cardinal includes the subspecies gularis,
cervicalis, capitata, and fuscipes.
[Thraupidae, Core Passeroidea V, 2.14]
Based on forthcoming paper by Kennedy et al. (2009), I've made some slight
adjustments to the cormorant tree. The order the species appear in is not
[Phalacrocoracidae, Pelecanae II, 2.25]
I've updated a few species names to reflect the fact that AOU didn't change certain names after all in the 50th supplement. This affects Graylag Goose, Common Ringed Plover, Little Ringed Plover, and Eurasian Starling,
I've rearranged the tinamous to better reflect the phylogenetic hypothesis I'm using.
[Tinamidae, 2.17, Paleognaths and Anseriformes]
There are two splits in the Procellariidae:
Desertas Petrel, Pterodroma deserta, from Fea's Petrel, Pterodroma feae,
and Heinroth's Shearwater, Puffinus heinrothi, from Tropical Shearwater, Puffinus bailloni.
I've also rearranged the Procellariidae a bit.
[Procellariidae, Pelecanae II, 2.24]
Deleted the extra Fiji Bush-Warbler, Cettia ruficapilla. The world
csv file has been udpated to reflect this.
[Cettiidae, Sylvioidea II, 2.11]
Today's updates focus on extinct species. BirdLife International maintains a list of extinct species. Little information is available for most of the extinct Caribbean, South Atlantic, and Mascarene species. Except for some well-known species, what to do with them is still under consideration.
A few other species from the BLI list failed to make the cut due to various uncertainties. Little is known about Miller's Rail, Porzana nigra. There are questions whether The Norfolk Island Ground-Dove, Gallicolumba norfolciensis, is a form of the Common Emerald-Dove, Chalcophaps indica (showing how little is known of it). Finally, there doesn't seem to be any evidence that the Tasman Booby, Sula tasmani, is anything other than a form of Masked Booby, Sula dactylatra. Incrediably, it has been argued that breeding on a sand beach is one thing that separates S. tasmani from S. dactylatra! Obviously the author had never been to the Dry Tortugas.
That leaves 8 species to add to the list (and sadly, one to reclassify), bringing the total of extinct species on the TiF list to 105.
- The extinct Piopio, Turnagra capensis is split into North Island Piopio, Turnagra tanagra, and South Island Piopio, Turnagra capensis.
- Following Christidis and Boles (2008), the extinct Lord Howe Gerygone, Gerygone insularis, is split from Gray Gerygone, Gerygone igata. The English name of G. igata is changed to Gray Gerygone (from Gray Warbler).
- The extinct Chatham Island Bellbird, Anthornis melanocephala, is split from New Zealand Bellbird, Anthornis melanura.
Based on Cibois et al. (2004), 4 extinct species of Pomarea monarchs of the central Pacific are added.
- Maupiti Monarch, Pomarea pomarea, is split from Tahitian Monarch, Pomarea nigra.
- Eiao Monarch, Pomarea fluxa, is split from Iphis Monarch, Pomarea iphis.
- Nuku Hiva Monarch, Pomarea nukuhivae, is split from Marquesan Monarch, Pomarea mendozae.
- Ua Pou Monarch, Pomarea mira, split from Marquesan Monarch, Pomarea mendozae.
Fatuhiva Monarch was known as Large Monarch in previous versions of the
[Monarchidae, Corvida II, 2.12]
- Aldabra Brush-Warbler, Nesillas aldabrana, is now considered extinct.
- The Fernbird, Megalurus punctatus, is split into the extinct Chatham Island Fernbird, Megalurus rufescens, and the still living New Zealand Fernbird, Megalurus punctatus.
I've incorporated Njabo and Sorenson (2009) into the Turaco section.
This involves some minor rearrangement of the Musophagidae.
[Musophagidae, Pelecanae II, 2.23]
The English name of Malagasy Harrier, Circus macrosceles,
becomes Madagascan Harrier for consistently with other Madagascan species.
[Accipitridae, Vultures and Hawks, 2.13a]
The new paper by Loynes et al. (2009) led to some changes in the
Australasian Robins. Besides the large-scale changes, Tregellasia has
been merged into Eopsaltria and Peneoenanthe into
[Petroicidae, Basal Passerida, 2.02]
There are two more splits in the stonechat complex.
Madagascan Stonechat, Saxicola sibilla, is split from African Stonechat,
Saxicola torquatus (Woog et al., 2008). Siberian Stonechat is split
into East Siberian Stonechat, Saxicola stejnegeri, and
West Siberian Stonechat, Saxicola maurus (Zink et al., 2009).
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.12]
The Northern Storm-Petrels (Hydrobatidae) have been rearranged, which has involved
some generic changes. I've also changed my view on the Band-rumped (Madeiran) Storm-Petrel
complex. As a result, I now consider Monteiro's Storm-Petrel to be a subspecies.
[Hydrobatidae, Pelecanae II, 2.22]
Horizorhinus, Lioptilus, and Pseudoalcippe are merged into
Sylvia based on Voelker et al (2009), together with Böhning-Gaese et al. (2003)
and Johansson et al. (2009b).
[Sylviidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.24]
Nias Hill-Myna, Gracula robusta, and Enggano Hill-Myna, Gracula enganensis,
are split from Common Hill-Myna, Gracula religiosa. This follows
Feare and Craig (1998), IOC, and, according to their website, HBW-14.
[Sturnidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.16]
Based on Payne (2005), the Kai Coucal, Centropus spilopterus, is now lumped into
Pheasant Coucal, Centropus phasianinus.
[Cuculidae, Pelecanae I, 2.14]
The Falconidae (particularly Falco) have been rearranged and tree diagrams added.
[Falconidae, Falconiformes and Psittaciformes, 2.19]
Following the IOC, Papuan Harrier, Circus spilothorax, has been split from
Swamp Harrier, Circus approximans. I've also rearranged the harriers a bit.
[Accipitridae, Vultures and Hawks, 2.13]
Also following IOC, who cite an unpublished manuscript by Dutson, Gregory and Boles,
the Bismarck Crow, Corvus insularis, is split from Torresian Crow,
[Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.11]
The name of Turdus nudigenis is changed to Spectacled Thrush
(from Bare-eyed Thrush) to avoid duplication with Turdus tephronotus.
[Turdidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.11b]
I've reordered the Mesites to conform to my ordering rules, while
the Columbidae now better reflect the genetic results. I've also
added a genus-level tree for them.
[Mesitornithidae, Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.15]
Prompted by the 2.1 version of the IOC list and a recent proposal to the SACC, I've made the following changes in the Albatrosses.
- Northern Royal Albatross, Diomedea sanfordi, is split from Southern Royal Albatross, Diomedea epomophora.
- Tristan Albatross, Diomedea dabbenena, Antipodean Albatross, Diomedea antipodensis, and Amsterdam Island Albatross, Diomedea amsterdamensis, are all split from Wandering Albatross, Diomedea exulans.
- Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross, Thalassarche carteri, is split from Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross, Thalassarche chlororhynchos.
- Campbell Albatross, Thalassarche impavida, is split from Black-browed Albatross, Thalassarche melanophris.
[Diomedeidae, Pelecanae II, 2.21]
Several species recognized by König and Weick (2008) have been added:
- Pere David's Owl, Strix davidi, split from Ural Owl, Strix uralensis
- Sula Scops Owl, Otus sulaensis, split from Moluccan Scops Owl, Otus magicus
- Siau Scops Owl, Otus siaoensis, also split from Moluccan Scops Owl, Otus magicus
[Strigidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.17]
Another IOC split I've adopted is that of the Bismarck Thicketbird, Megalurulus grosvenori, from Vanuatu Thicketbird, Megalurulus whitneyi. [Megaluridae, Sylvioidea I, 2.16]
Based on Collar et al. (2009), I have lumped the Degodi Bushlark,
Mirafra degodiensis, into Gillett's Bushlark, Mirafra gilletti.
[Alaudidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.15]
The Illadopsis Thrush-Babblers have been rearranged slightly
based on Nguembock et al. (2009b), who also note that the
Pale-bellied Thrush-Babbler, Illadopsis rufipennis may consist of
more than one species.
[Pellorneidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.23]
I've made some adjustments in the Furnariidae, including putting the woodcreepers
before the true ovenbirds. A genus-level tentative phylogenic tree has also been added.
I have separated four former Asthenes as Siptornoides since at
least one of them does not truly belong to Asthenes. They've all been put
in Siptornoides before on morphological grounds, so I thought it made
sense to move the whole lot.
[Furnariidae, Suboscines II, 2.10]
I've updated the species order in the Amazonini to better reflect the
molecular data and a species-level tree diagram has been added.
The Amazonini section now includes a brief summary of the current situation
regarding the Yellow-headed Amazon complex, and some ways to deal with it.
[Psittacidae, Falconiformes and Psittaciformes, 2.18]
May 7, 10
I have finally managed to find a fairly reasonable way to combine the evidence concerning white-eyes from Moyle et al. (2009) and Warren et al. (2006). Besides some rearrangement, this meant separating much of Lophozosterops as Oreosterops, merging Chlorocharis and Woodfordia into Zosterops, and promoting 7 subspecies to species status:
- "Sunda White-eye", Zosterops palpebrosus melanurus
- "Bougainville White-eye", Zosterops ugiensis hamlini
- Seychelles Yellow White-eyeZosterops mayottensis semiflavus (extinct)
- Mbulu White-eye, Zosterops poliogastrus mbuluensis
- Kenya White-eye, Zosterops abyssinicus flavilateralis
- South Pare White-eye, Zosterops poliogastrus winifredae
- Nyasa White-eye, Zosterops senegalensis stierlingi
Many of these subspecies have sometimes been considered species, and have English
The extinct Seychelles Yellow White-eye seems to have last been seen around 1890.
(Some errors were corrected on May 10.)
[Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.22]
I added some material concerning treatment of the vangas as one
family, rather than the three used by IOC and the 9th edition of
Roberson's Family List.
[Vangidae, Corvida I, 2.12a]
I've updated the text concerning Scotocerca, to better explain why
I've put it in the Acrocephalidae.
[Acrocephalidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.14a]
Due to Fregin et al. (2009), I've made some changes to the Acrocephalidae.
The major changes are that the Papyrus Yellow-Warbler is now in
Calamonastides instead of Chloropeta. The remaining
Chloropeta have been merged into Iduna, and Phragamaticola
is now considered sister to Iduna.
[Acrocephalidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.14]
Stephen Nawrocki's excel spreadsheet of the TIF list and the following csv format lists have been updated:
- World (2.19, Apr 22, 2009)
- AOU (2.19, Apr 22, 2009)
- ABA (2.19, Apr 22, 2009)
- South America (2.19, Apr 22, 2009)
The name Malaconotoidea (Malaconotinae, Swainson, 1824) replaces
Campephagoidea (Campephagidae, Vigors, 1825) on priority grounds. I've also
added material concerning the Mohouidae.
[Mohouidae, Corvida I, 2.12]
There are three changes that the SACC is likely to pass.
One is to lump Lara Tapaculo, Scytalopus fuscicauda, into Merida Tapaculo,
[Rhinocryptidae, Suboscines II, 2.09]
The second is to split Patagonian Forest Earthcreeper, Upucerthia saturatior,
from Scale-throated Earthcreeper, Upucerthia dumetaria.
[Furnariidae, Suboscines II, 2.09]
The other lumps Narosky's Seedeater, Sporophila zelichi, into
Marsh Seedeater, Sporophila palustris, as a color morph.
[Thraupidae, Thraupid Group, 2.13]
Some families have been moved slightly in order to better conform to
the rule that the smallest branch is placed first at each dichotomous node,
at least down to the family level. These include
Apterygidae (kiwis), Ibidorhynchidae (ibisbill),
Rynchopidae (skimmers), Sternidae (terns), and Laridae (gulls).
[PALEOGNATHS and ANSERIFORMES, 2.16; CHARADRIIFORMES, 2.10]
Since the use of "Sheppardia" and "Cossypha" for species formerly
placed in those genera is potentially confusing, I'm now referring to them
as Dryocichloides and Caffrornis, respectively. However, I'm not
entirely certain I'm correctly applying these names. I have reason to think that
C. caffra has been designated as the type of Caffrornis, but no
confirmation. Dryocichloides is more problematic as 3 additional species
are sometimes included that are potentially the actual type species.
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.11]
The recent paper by Norman et al. (2009a) has prompted some changes
in the Corvida.
The Mohouidae are separated from Acanthizidae, moving to Corvoidea.
The Goldenface, Pachycare flavogriseum moves from Pachycelhalidae to Acanthizidae.
Eulacestoma and Falcunculus move from Falcunculidae to Pachycephalidae (Corvoidea).
Psophodidae is separated from the former Falcunculidae (moving to Corvoidea), leaving only
Ptilorrhoa and Cinclosoma, which take the name Cinclosomatidae.
Oreoicidae separated from Campephagidae as basal group in Campephagoidea.
Rhagologus moves from Campephagidae to Platysteiridae.
Finally, Machaerirhynchidae and Cracticidae are moved into Artamidae,
[Acanthizidae: Basal Oscines, 2.04; Cinclosomatidae: Corvida I, 2.11; Mohouidae: Corvida I, 2.11]
April 9The Muscicapidae have been reorganized again, based on a wider selection of papers. They are still in a rather unsatisfactory state, but I think this version is an improvement.
Philippine Magpie-Robin, Copsychus mindanensis, is split from
Oriental Magpie-Robin, Copsychus saularis, based on Sheldon et al. (2009).
[Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.10]
Cabot's Tern, Thalasseus acuflavidus is split from
Sandwich Tern, Thalasseus sandvicensis (Efe et al., 2009).
[Sternidae: Charadriiformes, 2.09]
The treatment of Darwin's finches has been updated.
The Warbler Finch, Certhidea olivacea, has been split into
Green Warbler Finch, Certhidea olivacea, and
Gray Warbler Finch, Certhidea fusca.
[Thraupidae, Thraupid Group, 2.12]
The latest SACC decisions move the
White-throated Foliage-gleaner from Automolus
to Syndactyla (Syndactyla roraimae)
and split Pernambuco Foliage-gleaner, Automolus lammi, from
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner, Automolus leucophthalmus.
[Furnariidae, Suboscines II, 2.08]
The American sparrows have been updated using the
recent paper by DaCosta et al. (2009).
[Passerellidae, Emberizoidae II, 2.14]
Although they have not yet assigned English names,
the SACC has split Red-eyed Thornbird, Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus.
One possibility is to call them
Orange-eyed Thornbird, Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus,
and Ferruginous Thornbird, Phacellodomus ferrugineigula.
I think the latter is far more descriptive than another suggestion:
[Furnariidae, Suboscines II, 2.07]
I've included two AOU spelling/English name changes. Greylag Goose replaces Graylag Goose and San Andres Vireo replaces St. Andrew Vireo.
The Jays have been rearranged. There are also two splits based on recent papers.
The Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma californica, is split into
Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma woodhouseii, and
California Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma californica; the
Mexican Jay, Aphelocoma ultramarina, is split into
Transvolcanic Jay, Aphelocoma ultramarina, and
Mexican Jay, Aphelocoma wollweberi.
[Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.08]
The biggest changes involve the mockingbirds and starlings. They had previously
only been re-arranged using genetic data at the generic level. In most cases, it
has been possible to order them at the species level. A 4-part tree is now included
to show this. As is generally the case on my species-level trees, the ? marks
have not been sequenced.
[Mimidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.15]
[Sturnidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.15]
I slightly reordered the Crossbills, but have not added the South Hills Crossbill.
[Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.12]
I've used Fleischer et al. (2007) to update the Acrocephalidae tree to reflect
DNA sampling of a few more species.
[Acrocephalidae:, Sylvoidea I, 2.13]
The wrens have been reorganized, with the winter wrens moving to Nannus.
There are some splits in the winter wrens and house wrens.
Winter Wren, Nannus troglodytes, is split into
Pacific Wren, Nannus pacificus,
Winter Wren, Nannus hiemalis,
and Eurasian Wren, Nannus troglodytes.
The House Wren, Troglodytes aedon, is split into
Northern House Wren, Troglodytes aedon,
Brown-throated Wren, Troglodytes brunneicollis,
Southern House Wren, Troglodytes musculus,
Cozumel Wren, Troglodytes beani, and
Cobb's Wren, Troglodytes cobbi.
[Troglodytidae, Certhioidea, 2.13]
I've added a tree diagram for the Old World suboscines. [Furnariida I, 2.01a]
Stephen Nawrocki has updated and enhanced his excel spreadsheet of the TIF world list, reflecting all updates to the TIF list through March 1, 2009.
The large white-headed gulls have been reordered a bit in conjunction with splitting
Heuglin's Gull, Larus heuglini, from Lesser Black-backed Gull, Larus graesilli
and Mongolian Gull, Larus mongolicus, from Vega Gull, Larus vegae.
The gull text has been considerably expanded and a hypothetical tree has
[Laridae: Charadriiformes, 2.08]
AOU NACC name changes
These aren't official yet, but the committee has voted in favor. I'm glad to see the simplified sparrow names. I don't understand the blackbird change. It's as if the committee forgot about the Icterids.
- Little Ringed Plover becomes Little Plover / Little Ringed Plover, Charadrius dubius.
- Common Ringed Plover becomes Ringed Plover, Charadrius hiaticula. [Charadriidae, Charadriiformes, 2.08]
- European Starling becomes Common Starling, Sturnus vulgaris. [Sturnidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.14]
- Eurasian Blackbird becomes Common Blackbird, Turdus merula. [Turdidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.09]
- Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow becomes Nelson's Sparrow, Ammospiza nelsoni.
- Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow becomes Saltmarsh Sparrow, Ammospiza caudacutus. [Passerellidae, Emberizoidae II, 2.13c]
AOU NACC split
- Whiskered Myiobius, Myiobius barbatus, and Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher, Myiobius sulphureipygius, are split. Note that this disagrees with a previous decision by the AOU's SACC. [Tityridae, Suboscines III,2.04]
Most of these are IOC splits that also appear in Sinclair and Ryan (2003) or in Sinclair and Langrand (2003).
- Comoros Green Pigeon, Treron griveaudi, is split from Madagascan Green-Pigeon, Treron australis. [Columbidae, Metaves I, 2.14]
- African Swamphen, Porphyrio madagascariensis, is split from Purple Swamphen, Porphyrio porphyrio. [Rallidae, Pelecanae I, 2.13]
- White-breasted Cormorant, Phalacrocorax lucidus, is split from Great Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo. [Phalacrocoracidae, Pelecanae II, 2.20]
- Sao Tome Ibis, Bostrychia bocagei, is split from Olive Ibis, Bostrychia olivacea. [Threskiornithidae, Pelecanae II, 2.20]
- White-headed Stilt, Himantopus leucocephalus, is split from Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus. [Recurvirostridae, Charadriiformes, 2.08]
- Black-rumped Buttonquail, Turnix hottentottus, is split into Hottentot Buttonquail, Turnix hottentottus, and Black-rumped Buttonquail, Turnix nanus. [Turnicidae, Charadriiformes, 2.08]
- African Hoopoe, Upupa africana, is split from Eurasian Hoopoe, Upupa epops.
- Madagascan Hoopoe, Upupa marginata, is split from Eurasian Hoopoe, Upupa epops. [Upupidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.16]
- Southern Carmine Bee-eater, Merops nubicoides, is split from Northern Carmine Bee-eater, Merops nubicus. [Meropidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.16]
- Brown-necked Parrot, Poicephalus robustus, is split into Brown-necked Parrot, Poicephalus fuscicollis, and Cape Parrot, Poicephalus robustus. [Psittacidae, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.17]
- Comoros Cuckooshrike, Coracina cucullata, is split from Ashy Cuckooshrike, Coracina cinerea. [Campephagidae, Corvida I, 2.10]
- Annobon Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone smithii, is split from Red-bellied Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone rufiventer. [Monarchidae, Corvida II, 2.07]
- Somali Crow, Corvus edithae, is split from Brown-necked Raven, Corvus ruficollis. [Corvidae, Corvida II, 2.07]
- Athi Short-toed Lark, Calandrella athensis, is split from Somali Short-toed Lark, Calandrella somalica. [Alaudidae, Sylvioidea I, 2.12]
There are a number of Bulbul splits, especially in the mountain greenbuls.
- Kakamega Greenbul, Arizelocichla kakamegae, is split from Shelley's Greenbul, Arizelocichla masukuensis.
- Uluguru Greenbul, Arizelocichla neumanni, is split from Mountain Greenbul, Arizelocichla nigriceps.
- Black-browed Greenbul, Arizelocichla fusciceps, is split from Mountain Greenbul, Arizelocichla nigriceps.
- Yellow-throated Greenbul, Arizelocichla chlorigula, Mountain Greenbul, Arizelocichla nigriceps.
- Olive-headed Greenbul, Arizelocichla olivaceiceps, is split from Stripe-cheeked Greenbul, Arizelocichla milanjensis.
- Stripe-faced Greenbul, Arizelocichla striifacies, is split from Stripe-cheeked Greenbul, Arizelocichla milanjensis.
- Placid Greenbul, Phyllastrephus placidus, is split from Cabanis's Greenbul, Phyllastrephus cabanisi.
- Sharpe's Greenbul, Phyllastrephus alfredi, is split from Yellow-streaked Greenbul, Phyllastrephus flavostriatus.
- Somali Bulbul, Pycnonotus somaliensis, is split from Common Bulbul, Pycnonotus barbatus.
- Dodson's Bulbul, Pycnonotus dodsoni, is split from Common Bulbul, Pycnonotus barbatus.
- Dark-capped Bulbul, Pycnonotus tricolor, is split from Common Bulbul, Pycnonotus barbatus. [Pycnonotidae, Sylvioidea, 2.10]
Here are the rest.
- Salvadori's Eremomela, Eremomela salvadorii, is split from Yellow-bellied Eremomela, Eremomela icteropygialis.
- Rock-loving Cisticola, Cisticola emini, is split from Lazy Cisticola, Cisticola aberrans.
- Lynes's Cisticola, Cisticola distinctus, is split from Wailing Cisticola, Cisticola lais. [all Cisticolidae, Sylvioidea, 2.10]
- Cape White-eye, Zosterops pallidus, is split into Orange River White-eye, Zosterops pallidus, and Cape White-eye, Zosterops capensis. [Zosteropidae, Sylvioidea III, 2.20]
- Miombo Blue-eared Glossy-Starling, Lamprotornis elisabeth, is split from Lesser Blue-eared Glossy-Starling, Lamprotornis chloropterus. [Sturnidae, Muscicapoidea I, 2.14]
- Principe Thrush, Turdus xanthorhynchus, is split from Gulf of Guinea Thrush, Turdus olivaceofuscus. [Turdidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.09]
- White-crowned Cliff-Chat, Thamnolaea coronata, is split from Mocking Cliff-Chat, Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris.
- Arabian Wheatear, Oenanthe lugentoides, is split from Abyssinian Black Wheatear, Oenanthe lugubris. [Muscicapidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.09]
- Abyssinian Waxbill, Estrilda ochrogaster, is split from Fawn-breasted Waxbill, Estrilda paludicola. [Elstrildidae, Core Passeroidea I, 2.03]
- West African Seedeater, Crithagra canicapilla, is split from Streaky-headed Seedeater, Crithagra gularis. [Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.11]
These all involve species included on the IOC list.
- Rusty-breasted Cuckoo, Cacomantis sepulcralis, is split from Brush Cuckoo, Cacomantis variolosus.
- Moluccan Cuckoo, Cacomantis heinrichi, is split from Brush Cuckoo, Cacomantis variolosus. [Cuculidae, Pelecanae I, 2.13]
- Cicadabird, Coracina tenuirostris, is split into Common Cicadabird, Coracina tenuirostris, Palau Cicadabird, Coracina monacha, Yap Cicadabird, Coracina nesiotis, Pohnpei Cicadabird, Coracina insperata, and Gray-capped Cicadabird, Coracina remota. [Campephagidae, Corvida I, 2.10]
- Fiji Woodswallow, Artamus mentalis, is split from White-breasted Woodswallow, Artamus leucorynchus. [Artamidae, Corvida I, 2.10]
- Pohnpei Fantail, Rhipidura kubaryi, is split from Rufous Fantail, Rhipidura rufifrons, [Rhipiduridae, Corvida II, 2.07]
- Siberian Nuthatch, Sitta arctica, is split from Eurasian Nuthatch, Sitta europaea. [Sittidae, Certhioidea, 2.12]
Finally, the Cinnamon Ibon, Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus, is moved to Incertae Sedis (see Moyle et al. (2009). We're not sure what it is, but it's not a white-eye. [Incertae Sedis, Sylvioidea III, 2.20]
I added a mention of the work by Kreigs et al. (2007) and Eo et al. (2009) to
the Galliformes section. The Anseriform portion of Eo et al. leaves too much
unresolved to cause adjustments to the Anseriformes.
The Acrocephalidae have had some reorganization, and a species-level tree
is now available. As part of the reorganization, the Streaked Scrub-Warbler, Scotocerca
inquieta, has been moved from Cisticolidae to Acrocephalidae based on Barhoum and Burns
[Acrocephalidae:, Sylvoidea I, 2.11; Cisticolidae:, Sylvoidea II, 2.09]
The pygmy cormorants have been placed in the genus Microcarbo
as in Christidis and Boles (2008) and version 2.0 of the IOC list.
[Phalacrocoracidae, Pelecanae II, 2.19]
Buteo refectus is corrected to Buteo burmanicus
(Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005).
[Accipitridae: Vultures and Hawks, 2.12b]
The Lesser and Greater Sooty Owls are lumped into Sooty Owl, Tyto tenebricosa. See Norman et al. (2002). [Tytonidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.15]
The Uhehe Fiscal, Lanius marwitzi, is split from
Fiscal Shrike, Lanius collaris, as in
HBW-13 and the IOC list.
[Laniidae, Corvida II, 2.06]
The Western Chinese Leaf-Warbler, Phylloscopus occisinensis, is split from
Tickell's Leaf-Warbler, Phylloscopus affinis, as in Martens et al. (2008).
I've also made some adjustments to the arrangement of the Seicercus warblers,
and added hypothetical tree diagrams for all of Phylloscopidae.
[Phylloscopidae:, Sylvoidea II, 2.08]
Long-billed Creeper, Rhabdornis grandis, is split from
Stripe-breasted Creeper, Rhabdornis inornatus, as in
HBW-13 and the IOC list.
[Sturnidae, Muscicapoidea I ,2.13]
The Myadestes solitaires have been rearranged based on Miller et al. (2007).
I've also added a tree for the Turdidae genera.
[Turdidae, Muscicapoidea II, 2.08]
The csv files have been updated. Although it doesn't affect the taxonomy, I've changed a number of names of subfamilies and tribes in an attempt to better conform with the ICZN.
Concerning the cormorants, having said A, I have to say B.
In other words,
Macquarie Shag, Phalacrocorax purpurascens,
Crozet Shag, Phalacrocorax melanogenis,
and Heard Shag, Phalacrocorax nivalis are split from
Imperial Cormorant, Phalacrocorax atriceps.
[Phalacrocoracidae, : Pelecanae II, 2.18]
Updates from IOC and HBW
I am incorporating some of the species changes from HBW-13 and IOC 2.0
The species name of Blue-chinned Sapphire, Chlorestes notata has been corrected
[Trochilidae, Metaves III, 2.01a]
Following Kemp and Delport (2002), Delport et al. (2004), and IOC 2.0, Red-billed Hornbill, Tockus erythrorhynchus is split into
- Northern Red-billed Hornbill, Tockus erythrorhynchus
- Damara Red-billed Hornbill, Tockus damarensis
- Southern Red-billed Hornbill, Tockus rufirostris
- Tanzanian Red-billed Hornbill, Tockus ruahae and
- Western Red-billed Hornbill, Tockus kempi.
[Bucerotidae, Anomalogonates I, 2.14]
Based on Groombridge et al. (2002) and IOC, Rock Kestrel, Falco rupicolus,
is considered a separate species from Eurasian Kestrel, Falco tinnunculus.
The kestrels have also been reordered.
Following Boon et al. (2008), one parakeet has also been added.
They split Ouvea Parakeet, Eunymphicus uvaeensis, from Horned Parakeet, Eunymphicus
[Falconidae, psittaciformes, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes, 2.16]
There are several splits in the honeyeaters.
- Sulawesi Myzomela, Myzomela chloroptera, and Wakolo Myzomela, Myzomela wakoloensis, are split from Banda Myzomela, Myzomela boiei.
- Rotuma Myzomela, Myzomela chermesina, is split from Cardinal Myzomela, Myzomela cardinalis.
- Caledonian Myzomela, Myzomela caledonica, is split from Scarlet Honeyeater, Myzomela sanguinolenta.
- Sumba Myzomela, Myzomela dammermani, is split from Red-headed Honeyeater, Myzomela erythrocephala.
- Gray Friarbird, Philemon kisserensis, is split from Little Friarbird, Philemon citreogularis.
- Indonesian Honeyeater, Lichmera limbata, is split from Brown Honeyeater, Lichmera indistincta.
[Meliphagidae, Basal Oscines, 2.03]
Based on Nguembock et al. (2008c) and IOC 2.0,
- Bulo Burti Boubou, Laniarius liberatus, has been deleted. It seems to be a color morph of the Somali Boubou, Laniarius erlangeri.
- Somali Boubou, Laniarius erlangeri, is split from Tropical Boubou, Laniarius aethiopicus.
- Zanzibar Boubou, Laniarius sublacteus, is also split from Tropical Boubou, Laniarius aethiopicus.
I also rearranged Laniarius and added a tree diagram for the Malaconotidae.
[Malaconotidae, Corvida I, 2.09]
The species name of Streaked Fantail, Rhipidura verreauxi, has been corrected
[Rhipiduridae, Corvida II, 2.05b]
There are changes in the larks and megalurid warblers.
- The Clapper Lark is split into Eastern Clapper Lark, Mirafra fasciolata, and Cape Clapper Lark, Mirafra apiata.
- Beesley's Lark, Chersomanes beesleyi, is split from Spike-heeled Lark, Chersomanes albofasciata.
- Himalayan Bush-Warbler, Bradypterus kashmirensis, is split from Spotted Bush-Warbler, Bradypterus thoracicus.
There are two splits and two English name changes in the long-tailed tits:
- The English name of Aegithalos iouschistos is changed from Black-browed Tit to now Rufous-fronted Tit.
- The name Black-browed Tit belongs to Aegithalos bonvaloti, which was formerly listed as Bonvalot's Tit.
- Silver-throated Tit, Aegithalos glaucogularis, is split from Long-tailed Tit, Aegithalos caudatus.
- Burmese Tit, Aegithalos sharpei, is split from Black-browed Tit, Aegithalos bonvaloti.
[Aegithalidae, Sylvoidea II, 2.07]
After reading the discussion on Birdforum's taxonomy and nomenclature forum and
digging around a bit, it seems likely that Sporagra has priority over
Pyrrhomitris. Indeed, Bonaparte referred to Sporagra on the page before
he introduced Pyrrhomitris. I've switched the genus name for the South American
siskins back to Sporagra.
Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.10]
The Snowfinches have been moved to the beginning of Passeridae. There are several splits in the Rufous Sparrow complex (Passer motitensis). The narrowly defined Rufous Sparrow gets a name change to Great Sparrow.
- Kenya Sparrow, Passer rufocinctus split from Rufous Sparrow, Passer motitensis
- Socotra Sparrow, Passer insularis split from Rufous Sparrow, Passer motitensis
- Abd al Kuri Sparrow, Passer hemileucus split from Socotra Sparrow, Passer insularis
[Passeridae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.09]
There are a number of changes in the Fringillidae. The Drepanidini have been rearranged. The Pyrrhulini have been divided into Pyrrhulini and Carpodacini. Pinicola has been split into Pinicola (in Pyrrhulini) and Propyrrhula (in Carpodacini). The Dark-breasted Rosefinch is placed in Procarduelis (joined by Blanford's Rosefinch). The genus Carpodacus has been divided into several pieces.
There has also been some rearrangement in the Carduelini, where two of the scientific names have
been changed to conform with the recent AOU proposal rather than
the suggestions of Nguembock et al. (2009).
Thus Astragalinus, Cabanis 1851, replaces Pseudomitris, Cassin 1865;
and Pyrrhomitris, Bonaparte 1850, replaces Sporagra, Reichenbach, 1850.
Also, a number of tree diagrams have been added to Fringillidae and Motacillidae
[Motacillidae, Fringillidae, Core Passeroidea II, 2.09]
Due to priority,
Passerellidae, Cabanis and Heine, 1850-51 [Passerella Swainson, 1837] replaces
Arremonidae, Sundevall, 1872 [Arremon Vieillot, 1816] as the name of the
[Passerellidae, Emberizoidae II, 2.13]
Extra Siamese Partridge deleted.
[Phasianidae, Galliformes 2.08]
Stephen Nawrocki has provided a more user-friendly excel spreadsheet of the entire list as of Jan 16.
In order to better conform to my conventions concerning the linear order,
I've moved Viduidae ahead of Estrildidae. I've also done some rearrangement of the Ploceidae
and the Estrildidae, as well as adding explantory material.
[Core Passeroidea I, 2.02]
Following HBW-13, I've added some species to the sunbirds. These additions had
previously been made to the csv files.
[Nectariniidae], Basal Passeroidea, 2.02
- Gray-headed Sunbird, Deleornis axillaris, is split from Fraser's Sunbird, Deleornis fraseri
- Gray-throated Sunbird, Anthreptes griseigularis, is split from Brown-throated Sunbird, Anthreptes malacensis
- Olive Sunbird, Cyanomitra olivacea, is split into Eastern Olive Sunbird, Cyanomitra olivacea, and Western Olive Sunbird, Cyanomitra obscura.
- Prigogine's Double-collared Sunbird, Cinnyris prigoginei, is split from Ruwenzori Double-collared Sunbird, Cinnyris stuhlmanni
The grackles have been updated based on Powell et al. (2008).
[Icteridae, Emberizoidae I, 2.11].
The recent paper by Gelang et al. (2009) has led to a re-examination of all of
Sylviodea, and some rearrangement of the various groups and establishment of
Pellorneidae as a family. I've also refreshed
the csv files to include these changes.
[Sylvoidea I, 2.09; Sylvoidea II, 2.07; Sylvoidea III, 2.19]
I continue to integrate the results of Gelang et al. (2009) into the taxonomy. The new
Wren-Babbler family Pnoepygidae is established.
[Pnoepygidae, Sylviodea II, 2.06]
There is also some reordering of the Timaliidae. Timaliinae becomes
the basal clade. Elsewhere in the Timaliidae, Dumetia moves into
Timaliidae and Cutia moves into Leiothrichini.
[Timaliidae, Sylviodea III, 2.18]
The Zosteropidae, particularly Zosterops, have been rearranged in an
attempt to incorporate more of the molecular data.
[Zosteropidae, Sylviodea III, 2.18]
The Sylviidae have been updated based on Gelang et al. (2009). The monotypic
genera Parophasma and Myzornis have been moved into Sylviidae.
[Sylviidae, Sylviodea III, 2.17]
The cormorants have been rearranged in accordance with Kennedy et al. (2000).
Further, King Cormorant, Phalacrocorax albiventer, was merged into Imperial Cormorant, Phalacrocorax atriceps;
Antarctic Shag, Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis, and
South Georgia Shag, Phalacrocorax georgianus,
were split from Imperial Cormorant, Phalacrocorax atriceps.
[Phalacrocoracidae: Pelecanae II, 2.17]
Gannets and Boobies reordered to conform to the method I'm using to construct the linear
[Sulidae, Pelecanae II, 2.16]
A reference for Finsch's Duck has been added.
[Anatidae, Paleognaths and Anseriformes, 2.15]